Swaziland facts for kids
Kingdom of Swaziland
Motto: "Siyinqaba" (Swati)
"We are a fortress"
"We are a mystery/riddle" "We hide ourselves away"
Anthem: Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati
Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the Swazi
|Capital||Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative; coordinates below)
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional and absolute monarchy|
|King Mswati III|
• Prime Minister
|Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini|
|Themba N. Masuku|
|Legislature||Parliament of Swaziland|
|House of Assembly|
• from British protection
|6 September 1968|
|17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi) (157th)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
• 2007 census
|68.2/km2 (176.6/sq mi) (135th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.522
low · 140th
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SZ|
Estimates for the country take into account the effects of mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
Swaziland is a country in Africa. It is officially the Kingdom of Swaziland (Umbuso weSwatini), and sometimes called Ngwane or Swatini. Its capital is Mbabane. The country is named after the 19th century king Mswati II.
Swaziland is a small country. It is no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. It is completely surrounded by land. Swaziland does not touch the sea. The two countries that touch it are Mozambique and South Africa.
Education in Swaziland is free at primary level, mainly 1st and 2nd grades. It is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children. Children are not required to attend. In 1996, the primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%. Girls and boys both attended at the primary level. In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five.
The University of Swaziland provides higher education.
Most of Swaziland's people are ethnically Swazi. There is also a small number of Zulu and White Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent. Swaziland also had Portuguese settlers and African refugees from Mozambique.
82.70% of the people are Christian, Christianity in Swaziland is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Some people think of the king as having a spiritual role.
Swazi have been subsistence farmers and herders. They now mix such activities with work in the growing urban economy and in government. Some Swazi work in the mines in South Africa.
SiSwati and English are the official languages. SiSwati has 2.5 million speakers and is taught in schools. It is also one of the official languages of South Africa.
Swaziland is divided into four districts:
The cities in Swaziland are:
|Rank||City||Census 1986||Census 1997||Calc. 2005||District|
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Swaziland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.