Valéry Giscard d'Estaing facts for kids
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Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Giscard d'Estaing in 1975
|20th President of France
Co-Prince of Andorra
27 May 1974 – 21 May 1981
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chirac
|Preceded by||Alain Poher (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||François Mitterrand|
|President of the Regional Council of Auvergne|
21 March 1986 – 2 April 2004
|Preceded by||Maurice Pourchon|
|Succeeded by||Pierre-Joël Bonté|
|Minister of Finance|
29 June 1969 – 27 May 1974
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chaban-Delmas
|Preceded by||François-Xavier Ortoli|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Pierre Fourcade|
19 January 1962 – 8 January 1966
|Prime Minister||Michel Debré
|Preceded by||Wilfrid Baumgartner|
|Succeeded by||Michel Debré|
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing
2 February 1926
|Died||2 December 2020
|Political party||National Centre of Independents and Peasants (Before 1962)
Independent Republicans (1962–1977)
Republican Party (1977–1995)
Popular Party for French Democracy (1995–1997)
Liberal Democracy (1997–1998)
Union for French Democracy (1998–2002)
|Union for French Democracy (1978–1998)|
|Spouse(s)||Anne-Aymone Sauvage de Brantes (1952–present)|
|Alma mater||Polytechnic School
National School of the Administration, Strasbourg
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (2 February 1926 – 2 December 2020) was a French centrist politician. He was a member of the Constitutional Council of France. He served as President of France from 1974 until 1981. He also was Minister of Finance under prime ministers Jacques Chaban-Delmas and Pierre Messmer.
At the time of his death, Giscard was the longest-lived French President in history.
Giscard won the presidential election of 1974 with 50.8% of the vote against François Mitterrand of the Socialist Party. His presidency was known for its liberal stand on social issues—such as divorce, contraception and abortion—and he also helped modernize the country and the office of the presidency.
He supported projects as the TGV and the turn towards reliance on nuclear power as France's main energy source. However, his popularity suffered from the economic downturn that followed the 1973 energy crisis, marking the end of the "thirty glorious years" after World War II.
Giscard d'Estaing had political opposition from both sides of the spectrum: from the newly unified left of François Mitterrand and a rising Jacques Chirac. In 1981, despite a high approval rating, he lost his reelection in a runoff against Mitterrand, with 48.2% of the vote.
Supporting the European Union, he was in charge of the Convention on the Future of Europe that drafted the not successful Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. In 2003, he was elected to the Académie française.
In 1952, he married Anne-Aymone Giscard d'Estaing. They had four children.
Giscard once made up a story about him having an affair with Diana, Princess of Wales.
On 14 September 2020, Giscard was hospitalized under intensive care for breathing problems in Paris.
Images for kids
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing with Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran in 1975
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.