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Zionism is the nationalist movement to create a homeland for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel. This movement resulted in the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. The word "Zionism" comes from Zion, which means Jerusalem. Theodor Herzl started the Zionist movement. At the time, Palestine was controlled by the Ottoman Empire.
Some evangelical Christians believe that the migration of Jews to Palestine is linked to the apocalypse and prophecy, and therefore support it.
Images for kids
Theodor Herzl is considered the founder of the Zionist movement. In his 1896 book Der Judenstaat, he envisioned the founding of a future independent Jewish state during the 20th century.
The delegates at the First Zionist Congress, held in Basel, Switzerland (1897)
David Ben-Gurion proclaiming Israel's independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl
Israeli youth from the Socialist Zionist youth movement No'al, meeting with Jewish resistance fighter Simcha Rotem. Founded in 1924, No'al is one of the largest Zionist Youth movements.
Kibbutznikiyot (female Kibbutz members) in Mishmar HaEmek, during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Kibbutz is the historical heartland of Labor Zionism.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was a notable Christian supporter of Israel and Zionism.
Israeli Druze Scouts march to Jethro's tomb. Today, thousands of Israeli Druze belong to 'Druze Zionist' movements.
Zionism Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.