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The word 'Zionism' comes from Zion, which means Jerusalem. Theodor Herzl started the Zionist movement. At the time, Palestine was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. The British during the First World War made a statement called the Balfour Declaration agreeing to support a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Images for kids
Front page of The Jewish Chronicle, 17 January 1896, showing an article by Theodor Herzl (the father of political Zionism) a month prior to the publication of his pamphlet Der Judenstaat
The delegates at the First Zionist Congress, held in Basel, Switzerland (1897)
The Great Synagogue of Rishon LeZion was founded in 1885.
David Ben-Gurion proclaiming Israel's independence beneath a large portrait of Theodor Herzl
Israeli author Amos Oz, who today is described as the 'aristocrat' of Labor Zionism
Kibbutznikiyot (female Kibbutz members) in Mishmar HaEmek, during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Kibbutz is the historical heartland of Labor Zionism.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a notable Christian supporter of Israel and Zionism.
Israeli Druze Scouts march to Jethro's tomb. Today, thousands of Israeli Druze belong to 'Druze Zionist' movements.
Zionism Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.