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Anguilla

Coat of arms of Anguilla
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity, Strength and Endurance"
Anthem: 
Location of  Anguilla  (circled in red)
Location of  Anguilla  (circled in red)
Location of Anguilla
Status British Overseas Territory
Capital
and largest city
The Valley
Official languages English
Ethnic groups
()
Religion
90.3 % Christian
9.7 % Others
Demonym(s) Anguillian
Government Parliamentary dependency under a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Tim Foy
• Deputy Governor
Perin A. Bradley
Legislature House of Assembly
Establishment
1980
Area
• Total
91 km2 (35 sq mi) (unranked)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
14,731
• 2011 census
13,452
• Density
132/km2 (341.9/sq mi) (n/a)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$311 million
• Per capita
$29,493.3
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone UTC-4
Driving side left
Calling code +1-264
ISO 3166 code AI
Internet TLD .ai

Anguilla is a group of five islands in the Caribbean Sea. The islands are ruled by the United Kingdom.

Anguilla was colonized by the British Empire and used to be part of what is now Saint Kitts and Nevis, but broke away in 1980 so it could stay part of Great Britain. Saint Kitts and Nevis wanted to be independent.

It is named after the Spanish word for "eel", because it has such a shape.

Politics

The King or Queen of the United Kingdom is the ruler of Anguilla, but she works through a governor. He or she names, or appoints the governor, and he is just working there in place of the monarch. The legislature is elected by the people, has 11 members, and is called the House of Assembly.

Economy

Anguilla has mostly been part of the British Empire since the 17th century. The British brought thousands of slaves from Africa and forced them to work, like they did all over the Caribbean and North America. Many of the slaves decided to run away rather than be forced to work. When the British decided to abolish slavery they paid all the slave owners a lot of money, but didn't give anything to the slaves. Now Anguilla gets most of its money from fishing and tourism.

Culture

Most people in Anguilla are Protestants, and speak English.

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