kids encyclopedia robot

Holland Smith facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Holland Smith
Holland Smith.jpg
General Holland M. Smith
Birth name Holland McTyeire Smith
Nickname(s) "Howlin' Mad"
Father of Modern Amphibious Warfare
Born (1882-04-20)April 20, 1882
Seale, Alabama
Died January 12, 1967(1967-01-12) (aged 84)
San Diego, California
Place of burial
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1905–1946
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
1st Marine Brigade
1st Marine Division
V Amphibious Corps
Battles/wars Banana Wars
World War I
World War II
Awards Navy Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Purple Heart Medal
Croix de Guerre

Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith, KCB (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967) was a general in the United States Marine Corps during World War II. He is sometimes called the "father" of modern U.S. amphibious warfare. His nickname, "Howlin' Mad" Smith, had been given to him by his troops in the Dominican Republic in 1916.

On the eve of World War II, General Smith directed extensive Army, Navy, and Marine amphibious training, which was a major factor in successful U.S. landings in both the Atlantic and Pacific. He subsequently helped prepare U.S. Army and Canadian troops for the Kiska and Attu landings, then led the V Amphibious Corps in the assaults on the Gilbert Islands, the Marshall Islands, the island of Saipan, and Tinian in the Marianas.

During the Marianas operation, besides the V Amphibious Corps, he commanded all Expeditionary Troops, including those that recaptured Guam. He then served as the first commanding general of Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and headed Task Force 56 (Expeditionary Troops) at Iwo Jima, which included all the assault troops in that battle.

kids search engine
Holland Smith Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.