Holland Smith facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
General Holland M. Smith
|Birth name||Holland McTyeire Smith|
Father of Modern Amphibious Warfare
April 20, 1882|
|Died||January 12, 1967
San Diego, California
|Place of burial||
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1905–1946|
|Commands held||Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
1st Marine Brigade
1st Marine Division
V Amphibious Corps
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Navy Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Purple Heart Medal
Croix de Guerre
Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith, KCB (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967) was a general in the United States Marine Corps during World War II. He is sometimes called the "father" of modern U.S. amphibious warfare. His nickname, "Howlin' Mad" Smith, had been given to him by his troops in the Dominican Republic in 1916.
On the eve of World War II, General Smith directed extensive Army, Navy, and Marine amphibious training, which was a major factor in successful U.S. landings in both the Atlantic and Pacific. He subsequently helped prepare U.S. Army and Canadian troops for the Kiska and Attu landings, then led the V Amphibious Corps in the assaults on the Gilbert Islands, the Marshall Islands, the island of Saipan, and Tinian in the Marianas.
During the Marianas operation, besides the V Amphibious Corps, he commanded all Expeditionary Troops, including those that recaptured Guam. He then served as the first commanding general of Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and headed Task Force 56 (Expeditionary Troops) at Iwo Jima, which included all the assault troops in that battle.
Holland Smith Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.