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International Basketball Federation (FIBA)
Abbreviation FIBA
Motto We Are Basketball
Formation 18 June 1932
Type Sports federation
Location Mies, Switzerland
Region served Worldwide
Membership 213 national federations
President Horacio Muratore
Secretary General Andreas Zagklis
Key people Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher

The International Basketball Federation (FIBA /ˈfbə/ FEE-bə; French: Fédération Internationale de Basketball) is the governing body of the sport of basketball. Originally known as the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur, in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but kept the acronym; the "BA" now represents the first two letters of basketball.

FIBA defines the rules of basketball such what equipment and facilities to use, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament occurred in the same year as the FIFA World Cup from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup.

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