John von Neumann facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
John von Neumann



John von Neumann in the 1940s


Born  
Died  February 8, 1957 
(aged 53)
Nationality  Hungarian, American 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
John von Neumann (December 28. 1903 – February 8. 1957) was a HungarianAmerican mathematician and physicist who contributed to many fields including:
 set theory
 functional analysis
 quantum mechanics
 ergodic theory
 continuous geometry
 economics
 game theory
 computer science
 numerical analysis
 systems theory
 statistics
He is generally regarded as a prodigy, polymath and one of the most important mathematicians of the 20th century.
He was a member of a group called the 'Martians' who were a group of prominent Hungarian scientists (mostly, but not exclusively, physicists and mathematicians) who emigrated to the United States in the early half of the 20th century. Other people in this group were Edward Teller, Paul Erdős, Leó Szilárd and Eugene Wigner.
Noteworthy work
 His textbook on quantum mechanics is one of the first on this topic.
 His game theory is considered one of the most important tools in competitive strategic management and is also of high importance in biosciences.
 He is the designer of the VonNeumann architecture, which is basic to nearly all computers today.
 He was one of the first proponents of artificial intelligence. He proposed the idea of self replicating machines. This is why a machine that can replicate itself is now commonly referred to as a 'Von Neumann machine'.
 With Stanislav Ulam, he did some of the most important calculations in the Manhattan project.
 He worked at the Institute of Advanced Studies the same time as Albert Einstein, Kurt Gödel and Robert Oppenheimer
 His principles are included in every modern computer, tablet or phone.
Images for kids

Von Neumann's wartime Los Alamos ID badge photo

Von Neumann (left) and Robert Oppenheimer (right) in front of EDVAC
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John von Neumann Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.