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Pemiscot County, Missouri facts for kids

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Pemiscot County
Pemiscot County Courthouse in Caruthersville
Pemiscot County Courthouse in Caruthersville
Map of Missouri highlighting Pemiscot County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Missouri
Founded February 19, 1851
Named for Fox word meaning "liquid mud"
Seat Caruthersville
Largest city Caruthersville
Area
 • Total 513 sq mi (1,330 km2)
 • Land 493 sq mi (1,280 km2)
 • Water 21 sq mi (50 km2)  4.1%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 18,296
 • Estimate 
(2018)
16,272
 • Density 35.66/sq mi (13.770/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 8th

Pemiscot County is a county located in the southeastern corner in the Bootheel in the U.S. state of Missouri, with the Mississippi River forming its eastern border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,296. The largest city and county seat is Caruthersville. The county was officially organized on February 19, 1851. It is named for the local bayou, taken from the word pem-eskaw, meaning "liquid mud", in the language of the native Fox (Meskwaki) people. This has been an area of cotton plantations and later other commodity crops.

Murphy Mound Archeological Site has one of the largest platform mounds in Missouri. It is a major earthwork of the Late Mississippian culture, which had settlement sites throughout the Mississippi Valley and tributaries. The site is privately owned and is not open to the public. The site may have been occupied from as early as 1200 CE and continuing to about 1541.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 513 square miles (1,330 km2), of which 493 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (4.1%) is water. Fishing is a popular activity among residents in the area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-55
  • I-155
  • US 61.svg U.S. Route 61
  • US 412.svg U.S. Route 412
  • MO-84.svg Route 84
  • MO-164.svg Route 164

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,962
1870 2,059 −30.5%
1880 4,299 108.8%
1890 5,975 39.0%
1900 12,115 102.8%
1910 19,559 61.4%
1920 26,634 36.2%
1930 37,284 40.0%
1940 46,857 25.7%
1950 45,624 −2.6%
1960 38,095 −16.5%
1970 26,373 −30.8%
1980 24,987 −5.3%
1990 21,921 −12.3%
2000 20,047 −8.5%
2010 18,296 −8.7%
2018 (est.) 16,272 −11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,047 people, 7,855 households, and 5,317 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 8,793 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.76% White, 26.23% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Approximately 1.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Pemiscot County were 31.9% American, 7.8% Irish, 5.6% English, and 5.5% German ancestry.

There were 7,855 households, out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.00% were married couples living together, 18.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,992, and the median income for a family was $33,945. Males had a median income of $27,476 versus $17,358 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,599. About 24.80% of families and 30.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.20% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Pemiscot County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Pemiscot County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (69.98%), Methodists (7.56%), and Churches of Christ (4.76%).

Communities

Cities

Village

Former village

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Education

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Pemiscot County, 58.2% possess a high school diploma or higher, while 8.4% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their greatest educational attainment.

Public schools

    • Caruthersville Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Caruthersville Middle School (06-08)
    • Caruthersville High School (09-12)
    • Cooter Elementary School (K-06)
    • Cooter High School (07-12)
    • Delta Elementary School (K-06)
    • Delta High School (07-12)
    • Mathis Elementary School (PK-03)
    • Wallace Elementary School (04-06)
    • Hayti High School (07-12)
    • Ross Elementary School - Portageville - (K-05)
    • North Pemiscot County High School - (06-12)
    • South Pemiscot County Elementary School (K-06)
    • South Pemiscot County High School (07-12)

Alternative/vocational schools

  • Diagnostic Center - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • External Locations - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • Oak View Learning Center - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • Pemiscot County Vocational School - Hayti - (11-12) - Vocational/technical

Public libraries

  • Caruthersville Public Library
  • Conran Memorial Library
  • Steele Public Library

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