Pleasanton, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Pleasanton
City
Pleasanton sign on Main Street
Pleasanton sign on Main Street
Official seal of City of Pleasanton
Seal
Motto: The City of Planned Progress
Location of Pleasanton within Alameda County, California.
Location of Pleasanton within Alameda County, California.
Country United States
State California
County Alameda
Incorporated June 18, 1894
Area
 • Total 24.266 sq mi (62.847 km2)
 • Land 24.113 sq mi (62.452 km2)
 • Water 0.153 sq mi (0.395 km2)  0.63%
Elevation 351 ft (107 m)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 70,285
 • Estimate (January 1, 2016) 74,982
 • Density 2,896.44/sq mi (1,118.351/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94566, 94568, 94588
Area code(s) 925
FIPS code 06-57792
GNIS feature IDs 277578, 2411441
Website www.cityofpleasantonca.gov

Pleasanton is an affluent city in Alameda County, California, incorporated in 1894. It is a suburb in the San Francisco Bay Area located about 25 miles (40 km) east of Oakland, and 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Livermore. The population was 70,285 at the 2010 census. In 2005 and 2007, Pleasanton was ranked the wealthiest middle-sized city in the United States by the Census Bureau. Pleasanton is home to the headquarters of Safeway, Inc. and Blackhawk Network. Although Oakland is the Alameda County seat, a few county offices and a courthouse are located in Pleasanton. Additionally, the main county jail is in the neighboring city of Dublin. The Alameda County Fairgrounds are located in Pleasanton where the county fair is held during the last week of June and the first week of July. Pleasanton Ridge Regional Park is located on the west side of town.

Pleasanton is reported being number 4 by USA Today in "America's 50 best cities to live in" in 2014, number 63 in MoneyTemplate:-'s list of "The Best Places to Live" in 2010, and was also named one of "Americans' Top Hometown Spots" in the United States in 2009 by Forbes.

Pleasanton was named the third wealthiest city in terms of earnings in the United States by NerdWallet in 2013.

History

Alisal

Before the establishment of Pleasanton, in the 1850s, an earlier settlement, called Alisal was there. It was located on the lands of the Rancho Santa Rita near the site of an Indian ranchera, around the Francisco Solano Alviso Adobe, called El Alisal (The Sycamores), one of the earliest houses built in the valley in 1844. It is still standing and serves as the centerpiece of the Alviso Adobe Community Park. Alisal, nicknamed "The Most Desperate Town in the West", was one of the settlements located along La Vereda del Monte that was a haunt and refuge of bandits and desperados in the era following the beginning of the California Gold Rush. Main Street shootouts were not uncommon. Banditos such as Claudio Feliz and Joaquin Murrieta would ambush prospectors on their way back from the gold rush fields and then seek refuge in Alisal. In the 1860s Procopio, Narciso Bojorques and others took refuge there.

Pleasanton

Pleasanton is located on the lands of the Rancho Valle de San José and Rancho Santa Rita Mexican land grants. Its name came from John W. Kottinger, an Alameda County justice of the peace, who named it after his friend, Union army cavalry Major General Alfred Pleasonton. A typographical error by a U.S. Postal Service employee apparently led to the current spelling.

The reputation it had gained from its days as Alisal passed and in 1917, Pleasanton became the backdrop for the film Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, which starred Mary Pickford. The town was once home to Phoebe Apperson Hearst, who lived in a 50-room mansion on a 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) estate, now the site of Castlewood Country Club.

IMAG3053-pleasanton
Pleasanton, CA (2016, looking north): I-680 on diagonal with Castlewood & Sunol Blvd exit (center), Bernal Ave exit (left); 3 quarry lakes of East Pleasanton (upper center)

Geography

Pleasanton is located at 37°40′21″N 121°52′57″W / 37.6725°N 121.8825°W / 37.6725; -121.8825 (37.672530, -121.882517) and is adjacent to Hayward, Livermore, and Dublin. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.3 square miles (63 km2), of which 24.1 square miles (62 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.63%) is water. On the east side of town on Stanley Blvd. near the Livermore border is Shadow Cliffs Regional Park, a lake that permits swimming, fishing, and boating. On the west side is the Pleasanton Ridge with two parks, Pleasanton Ridge and Augustin Bernal Park. Much of Pleasanton is drained by the Arroyo Valle and Arroyo Mocho watercourses. Pleasanton lies along the route of the historic First Transcontinental Railroad.

Climate

The highest recorded temperature was 115 °F (46 °C) in 1950. The lowest recorded temperature was 17 °F (-8 °C) in 1990.

Climate data for Pleasanton, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(23.9)
80
(26.7)
88
(31.1)
96
(35.6)
104
(40)
113
(45)
112
(44.4)
112
(44.4)
115
(46.1)
106
(41.1)
90
(32.2)
79
(26.1)
115
(46.1)
Average high °F (°C) 58
(14.4)
62
(16.7)
65
(18.3)
71
(21.7)
77
(25)
84
(28.9)
89
(31.7)
89
(31.7)
86
(30)
78
(25.6)
65
(18.3)
57
(13.9)
73.4
(23.01)
Average low °F (°C) 37
(2.8)
40
(4.4)
42
(5.6)
44
(6.7)
48
(8.9)
53
(11.7)
55
(12.8)
55
(12.8)
53
(11.7)
48
(8.9)
42
(5.6)
37
(2.8)
46.2
(7.87)
Record low °F (°C) 17
(-8.3)
23
(-5)
22
(-5.6)
29
(-1.7)
32
(0)
30
(-1.1)
36
(2.2)
40
(4.4)
35
(1.7)
29
(-1.7)
23
(-5)
18
(-7.8)
17
(-8.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.99
(75.9)
2.77
(70.4)
2.47
(62.7)
0.96
(24.4)
0.43
(10.9)
0.09
(2.3)
0.03
(0.8)
0.08
(2)
0.24
(6.1)
0.84
(21.3)
1.88
(47.8)
2.04
(51.8)
14.48
(367.8)
Source: The Weather Channel

Architecture

Hacienda Pleasanton traffic lights
Distinctive traffic lights of the Hacienda Business Park

Because of the preservation of Pleasanton's historic downtown area, many examples of architectural styles dating back to the mid-19th century exist. Buildings in Gothic Revival, Pioneer, Italianate, Commercial Italianate, Colonial Revival, and Queen Anne styles can be found within walking distance of each other.

One of the icons of downtown Pleasanton is the Kolln Hardware building, located at 600 Main Street. It is designed in the Commercial Italianate style, but the prominent five-sided corner tower and a few other features are indicative of the Colonial Revival style. The structure mixes in a little bit of Queen Anne design in the tower and gable. This building was built in 1890 and has always housed a hardware store, first by the Lewis Brothers, then Cruikshank and Kolln. The hardware store has been known as Kolln Hardware since 1933. In 2004, the Kolln Hardware business shut its doors. Bud Cornett, a Pleasanton developer, purchased the landmark and has invested in its renovation and earthquake retrofit.

Hacienda del pozo de verona exterior
Hacienda del Pozo de Verona exterior

La Hacienda del Pozo de Verona (The House of the Wellhead of Verona), located in southwest Pleasanton, was an area landmark until it was destroyed in a fire in 1969. The house was built by architect A.C. Schweinfurth for William Randolph Hearst in 1898. Phoebe Apperson Hearst had the hacienda remodeled and expanded by architect Julia Morgan for use as her primary residence after her husband died. The estate was built upon a 453-acre (1.83 km2) rancheria obtained in 1886 by George Hearst, who intended to use the location for a race horse farm. Its name was inspired by the circular, carved marble wellhead purchased by Phoebe and William in Verona, Italy and installed in the middle of the courtyard. The hacienda was the only female-owned estate to be mentioned in Porter Garnett's Stately Homes of California. The architecture of the hacienda has been called California Mission style by various sources. The original architect used the term "provincial Spanish Renaissance", while Garnett wrote it would be more accurately called "Hispano-Moresque". Moorish influence was found throughout the estate, such as in the guardhouses which stood on either side of the courtyard entrance. The hacienda was topped by imported red Spanish tiles and had undecorated walls of white stucco. After Phoebe's death in 1919, William had the wellhead and other furniture and objects moved to Hearst Castle at San Simeon and sold the estate.

Culture

Events and festivals

Pleasanton continues to maintain a small town flavor with regular events for the community. Every Saturday morning a farmers' market sets up on Angela, off Main Street. In 2009, Pleasanton appeared on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. The article cited the popular farmers' market among the reasons for the city landing on the list. There are several parades during the year, commemorating Christmas, Memorial Day, and Veterans Day, as well as kicking off the beginning of the Alameda County Fair and soccer season.

First Wednesday

The Pleasanton Downtown Association organizes the popular First Wednesday celebrations from May through September. On every first Wednesday of those summery months, Main Street is blocked to traffic and adopts a street fair atmosphere. Each First Wednesday celebration is given a different theme and planned with related activities. Typically the first theme is Cinco de Mayo since May is the first month for these street parties. At this local event, businesses and organizations from downtown and around the Tri-Valley set up booths in the center of the street. A local band performs in the Round Table Pizza parking lot, which is closed off for dancing. The parking lot is also set up as a beergarden, with beer and wine available for consumption.

Friday Concerts in the Park

Another Pleasanton Downtown Association tradition is the Friday Concerts in the Park series. Every Friday from June until September the PDA schedules different local bands to perform in the evenings at the Lions' Wayside Park off of First Street. The events are free of charge and draw a crowd. Locals will start laying out blankets in the park on Friday mornings as a way to reserve a spot.

Fairgrounds

The Alameda County Fairgrounds is a 270-acre (110 ha) facility located in Pleasanton, California. It is home to the annual Alameda County Fair, held since 1912, as well as numerous trade shows and community events. Located on its grounds, the Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack was built in 1858, making it the oldest one-mile (1.6 km) horse racing track in the United States. There is a 3,000 seat amphitheater, as well as a nine-hole golf course located within the track's infield.

The Alameda County Central Railroad Society has maintained a model train exhibit at the fairgrounds since 1959, which has grown to two 15 foot by 100 foot layouts in O scale and HO scale.

Firehouse Arts Center

The Firehouse Arts Center, opened in 2010, is a center of culture and art for Pleasanton. It features a 227-seat theater, the Harrington art gallery, and classrooms for art and drama. It is also home to the critically acclaimed teen improv comedy troupe, Creatures of Impulse.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 350
1880 600 71.4%
1890 984 64.0%
1900 1,100 11.8%
1910 1,254 14.0%
1920 991 −21.0%
1930 1,237 24.8%
1940 1,278 3.3%
1950 2,244 75.6%
1960 4,203 87.3%
1970 18,328 336.1%
1980 35,160 91.8%
1990 50,533 43.7%
2000 63,654 26.0%
2010 70,285 10.4%
Est. 2015 79,510 13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Pleasanton had a population of 70,285. The population density was 2,896.5 people per square mile (1,118.4/km²). The racial makeup of Pleasanton was 47,058 (67.0%) White, 1,190 (1.7%) African American, 226 (0.3%) Native American, 16,322 (23.2%) Asian, 134 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 2,002 (2.8%) from other races, and 3,353 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,264 persons (10.3%).

The Census reported that 69,829 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 320 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 136 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 25,245 households, out of which 10,785 (42.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,206 (64.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,024 (8.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 948 (3.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 887 (3.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 156 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 4,860 (19.3%) were made up of individuals and 1,853 (7.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77. There were 19,178 families (76.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.

The population was spread out with 19,024 people (27.1%) under the age of 18, 4,378 people (6.2%) aged 18 to 24, 17,257 people (24.6%) aged 25 to 44, 21,965 people (31.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,661 people (10.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

There were 26,053 housing units at an average density of 1,073.7 per square mile (414.5/km²), of which 17,891 (70.9%) were owner-occupied, and 7,354 (29.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 51,839 people (73.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 17,990 people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile 2010
Total Population 70,285 (100.0%)
One Race 66,932 (95.2%)
Not Hispanic or Latino 63,021 (89.7%)
White alone 42,738 (60.8%)
Black or African American alone 1,116 (1.6%)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 143 (0.2%)
Asian alone 16,209 (23.1%)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 125 (0.2%)
Some other race alone 153 (0.2%)
Two or more races alone 2,537 (3.6%)
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 7,264 (10.3%)

Sister cities

See also: sister cities

Images for kids


Pleasanton, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.