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Hayward, California
City
Historic Hunt's Cannery water tower
Historic Hunt's Cannery water tower
Official seal of Hayward, California
Seal
Motto: Heart of the Bay
The city of Hayward highlighted within Alameda County
The city of Hayward highlighted within Alameda County
Country  United States
State  California
County Alameda
Incorporated March 11, 1876
Area
 • City 63.748 sq mi (165.108 km2)
 • Land 45.323 sq mi (117.386 km2)
 • Water 18.425 sq mi (47.721 km2)  28.9%
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2014)
 • City 149,392
 • Estimate (January 1, 2016) 158,985
 • Rank 3rd in Alameda County
37th in California
 • Density 3,296/sq mi (1,273/km2)
 • Metro 7,468,390
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 94540–94546, 94552, 94557
Area code 510
FIPS code 06-33000
GNIS feature IDs 277607, 2410724
Flower Carnation
Website {{#property:P856}}

Hayward (/ˈhwərd/; formerly, Haywards, Haywards Station, and Haywood) is a city located in Alameda County, California in the East Bay subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area. With a 2014 population of 149,392, Hayward is the sixth largest city in the Bay Area and the third largest in Alameda County. Hayward was ranked as the 37th most populous municipality in California. It is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Metropolitan Statistical Area by the US Census. It is located primarily between Castro Valley and Union City, and lies at the eastern terminus of the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge. The city was devastated early in its history by the 1868 Hayward earthquake. From the early 20th century until the beginning of the 1980s, Hayward's economy was dominated by its now defunct food canning and salt production industries.

History

Early history

Human habitation of the greater East Bay, including Hayward, dates from at least 4000 B.C. The most recent pre-European inhabitants of the Hayward area were the Native American Ohlone people.

19th century

In the 19th century, the land that is now Hayward became part of Rancho San Lorenzo, a Spanish land grant to Guillermo Castro in 1841. The site of his home was on the former El Camino Viejo, or Castro Street (now Mission Boulevard) between C and D Streets, but the structure was severely damaged in the 1868 Hayward earthquake, with the Hayward Fault running directly under its location. Most of the city's structures were destroyed in the earthquake, the last major earthquake on the fault. In 1930, that site was chosen for the construction of the City Hall, which served the city until 1969.

William Dutton Hayward arrived during the gold rush and "squatted", started building a house, next to the creek at the site of the old Polamares School. Guillermo Castro's Vaqueros came by one day and told Hayward to get off of Castro's property. William did leave, but went to Guillermo Castro directly and asked to buy a piece of his land. Castro sold him the area of what was east of Castro Street, now Mission Blvd and north side of A Street. William Hayward built a grand hotel on the property. He and his wife ran the hotel, which eventually burned to the ground around 1916.

Hayward was originally known as "Hayward's", then as "Haywood", later as "Haywards", and eventually as "Hayward". There is some disagreement as to how it was named. Most historians believe it was named for William Dutton Hayward, who opened a hotel there in 1852. The U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System states the city was named after Alvinza Hayward, a millionaire from the California Gold Rush. Regardless of which Hayward the area was named for, the name was changed to "Haywood" when the post office was first established in 1860.

Castro emigrated to Chile with most of his family in 1864, after he lost his land in a card game. His name survives in the community of Castro Valley, located in the valley next to Hayward, which Castro used to pasture his cattle. The ranch was split up and sold to various locals, William Hayward among them. William Hayward's fortunes took a turn for the grander when he constructed a resort hotel, which eventually grew to a hundred rooms. The surrounding area came to be called "Hayward's" after the hotel.

William Hayward eventually became the road commissioner for Alameda County. He used his authority to influence the construction of roads in his own favor. He was also an Alameda County supervisor. In 1876, a town was chartered by the State of California under the name of "Haywards". The name of the post office was then able to change because of the loss of the apostrophe before the "s". This change occurred in 1880. It remained "Haywards" until 1910 when the "s" was officially dropped. William Hayward died in 1891.

Old building in Hayward, California
Historic Hermann Mohr home, Depot Road

Hayward grew steadily throughout the late 19th century, with an economy based on agriculture and tourism. Important crops were tomatoes, potatoes, peaches, cherries, and apricots. Hunt Brothers Cannery opened in 1895. Chicken and pigeon raising also played important roles in the economy. A rail line between Oakland and San Jose, the South Pacific Coast Railroad, was established, but was destroyed in the 1868 earthquake. the Hayward shore of the Bay was developed into extensive salt evaporation ponds, and was one of the most productive areas in the world, with Leslie Salt one of the largest companies.

20th century

The first San Mateo–Hayward Bridge opened in 1929, connecting the city to the San Francisco Peninsula.

During the 1930s, the Harry Rowell Rodeo Ranch, now within the bounds of Castro Valley, drew rodeo cowboys from across the continent, and western movie actors such as Slim Pickens and others from Hollywood.

Hayward, California. The Reverend John Carlos Derfelt, Baptist Minister, ties identification tag in . . . - NARA - 537498
Baptist Minister John Carlos Derfelt placing War Relocation Authority ID tag on Reverend Sui Hiro of the San Lorenzo Holiness Church. Hayward, 1942

Prior to World War II, Hayward had a high concentration of Japanese Americans, who were subject to the Japanese-American internment during the war. The war brought an economic and population boom to the area, as factories opened to manufacture war material. Many of the workers stayed after the end of the war. Two suburban tract housing pioneers, Oliver Rousseau and David D. Bohannon, were prominent builders of postwar housing in the area.

The Hayward Area Recreation and Park District was formed in 1944.

California State University, Hayward opened in the Hayward Hills in 1957. Southland Mall was dedicated in 1964.

The second San Mateo–Hayward Bridge opened in 1967. The City Center Building opened in 1969, and acted as the new city hall until 1989, when the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the building and forced the city government to move out. The building was closed to the public in 1998, with the new Hayward City Hall opening the same year.

BART began operating in the Bay Area in 1972, with stations in downtown Hayward and south Hayward.

The Hunt Brothers Cannery closed in 1981. The Russell City Energy Center began operating in 2013 at the Hayward shoreline.

The city's downtown area was slated for redevelopment in 2012 and 2013, with landscaping, new businesses opening up, and older ones getting facade upgrades.

Warren Hall on the California State University, East Bay campus was demolished in 2013.

In May 2015, the city's former shoreline landfill was declared a site for conversion to a solar farm, set to generate enough electricity to power 1,200 homes. It will be one of 186 sites in the Regional Renewable Energy Procurement Project.

Former communities

Mount Eden was a former city that was incorporated into Hayward in the 1950s, at the same time as Schafer Park.

Russell City was a former unincorporated community. It existed from 1853 until 1964. It is now the location of an industrial park. The Russell City Energy Center, a 429 megawatt natural gas-fired power plant, built by Calpine, is located there.

Stokes Landing, Hayward Heath, and Eden Landing were communities now within Hayward city limits.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 63.7 square miles (165 km2). 45.3 square miles (117 km2) of it is land and 18.4 square miles (48 km2) of it (28.90%) is water.

The Hayward Fault Zone runs through much of Hayward, including the downtown area. The United States Geological Survey has stated that there is an "increasing likelihood" of a major earthquake on this fault zone, with potentially serious resulting damage.

San Lorenzo Creek runs through the city.

Hayward borders on a large number of municipalities and communities. The cities bordering on Hayward are San Leandro, Union City, Fremont, and Pleasanton. The census-designated places bordering on Hayward are Castro Valley, San Lorenzo, Cherryland, Sunol, and Fairview.

Climate

See also: San Francisco Bay Area#Climate

Hayward has a Mediterranean climate, and contains microclimates, both of which are features of the greater Bay Area. In 2012, the USDA rated Hayward as a zone 10A climate.

Climate data for Hayward, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
40.0
(104)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
40.0
(104)
39.0
(102.2)
32.0
(89.6)
24.0
(75.2)
40
Average high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59)
19.83
(67.7)
Average low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.0
(42.8)
7.0
(44.6)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
11.0
(51.8)
12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
5.0
(41)
9
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) -3.0
(26.6)
-3.0
(26.6)
-2.0
(28.4)
-1.0
(30.2)
2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41)
7.0
(44.6)
6.0
(42.8)
5.0
(41)
-1.0
(30.2)
-1.0
(30.2)
-8.0
(17.6)
-17.8
Precipitation mm (inches) 132.1
(5.201)
121.9
(4.799)
108.5
(4.272)
43.7
(1.72)
18.0
(0.709)
3.8
(0.15)
1.5
(0.059)
2.8
(0.11)
9.1
(0.358)
39.4
(1.551)
93.7
(3.689)
97.5
(3.839)
672
(26.457)
Sunshine hours 165.0 182.0 251.0 281.0 314.0 330.0 300.0 272.0 267.0 243.0 189.0 156.0 2,950
Source: The Weather Channel, usclimatedata.com for Sunshine hours data

Demographics

See also: Demographics of California
Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 504
1880 1,231 144.2%
1890 1,419 15.3%
1900 1,965 38.5%
1910 2,746 39.7%
1920 3,487 27.0%
1930 5,530 58.6%
1940 6,736 21.8%
1950 14,272 111.9%
1960 72,700 409.4%
1970 93,058 28.0%
1980 93,585 0.6%
1990 111,498 19.1%
2000 140,030 25.6%
2010 144,186 3.0%
Est. 2015 158,289 9.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Hayward had a population of 144,186. The population density was 2,261.8 people per square mile (873.3/km²). The census determined racial and ethnic makeup of Hayward was 49,309 (34.2%) White, 17,099 (11.9%) African American, 1,396 (1.0%) Native American, 31,666 (22.0%) Asian (10.4% Filipino, 3.9% Chinese, 3.0% Indian, 2.7% Vietnamese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.2% Cambodian, 0.1% Pakistani), 4,535 (3.1%) Pacific Islander, 30,004 (20.8%) from other races, and 10,177 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58,730 persons (40.7%), giving Hayward an aggregate Hispanic/Latino plurality population as categorized by census determined racial and ethnic groups. 30.2% of Hayward's population is Mexican, 2.5% Salvadoran, 1.5% Puerto Rican, 1.2% Nicaraguan, 1.0% Honduran, 0.5% Peruvian, and 0.2% Cuban. Hayward is the second most diverse city in the state by Census figures. It has been ranked nationwide as highly diverse, in combination with Oakland and Fremont.

The Census reported that 141,462 people (98.1% of the population) lived in households, 1,954 (1.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 770 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 45,365 households, out of which 18,284 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,720 (47.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,495 (16.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,344 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,037 (6.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 421 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,359 households (20.6%) were made up of individuals and 3,193 (7.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.12 persons. There were 32,559 families (71.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.60 persons.

The city's age demographics were 35,379 people (24.5%) under the age of 18, 16,064 people (11.1%) aged 18 to 24, 44,005 people (30.5%) aged 25 to 44, 34,096 people (23.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,642 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

There were 48,296 housing units at an average density of 757.6 per square mile (292.5/km²), of which 23,935 (52.8%) were owner-occupied, and 21,430 (47.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.6%. About 75,039 people (52.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 66,423 people (46.1%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile 2010
Total Population 144,186 – 100.0%
One Race 134,009 – 92.9%
Not Hispanic or Latino 85,456 – 59.3%
White alone 27,178 – 18.8%
Black or African American alone 16,297 – 11.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 492 – 0.3%
Asian alone 31,090 – 21.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 4,290 – 3.0%
Some other race alone 352 – 0.2%
Two or more races alone 5,757 – 4.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 58,730 – 40.7%

2000

As of the 2000 Census, there were 140,030 people, 44,804 households, and 31,945 families in the city. The population density was 1,219.6/km² (3,158.6/mi²). There were 45,922 housing units at an average density of 400.0/km² (1,035.8/mi²). The racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 42.95% White, 10.98% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 18.98% Asian, 1.91% Pacific Islander, 16.81% from other races, and 7.52% from two or more races. 34.17% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 44,804 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 20.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.58.

The population profiled by age was 26.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,177, and the median income for a family was $54,712. Males had a median income of $37,711 versus $31,481 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,695. 10.0% of the population and 7.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.7% of those under the age of 18 and 7.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Haywardlogoold
former city logo

Arts and culture

The city created the Hayward Public Art Program in 2008, to create murals to beautify the city and combat graffiti, and has commissioned numerous murals throughout the city. The program won a League of California Cities Helen Putnam Award of Excellence in 2011.

Haywardmuraldetail2011
Hayward Public Art Program mural detail (Jean Bidwell, artist)

Hayward has been a Tree City USA since 1986. Hayward declared itself a nuclear-free zone, a largely symbolic act, in 1987. The city is the setting for the Hayward Gay Prom, one of the earliest and longest running gay proms in the United States. The city introduced road signs in 2015 encouraging better behavior while walking or driving, using humorous phrases like "It's a speed limit, not a suggestion."

Downtown Hayward

Many of Hayward's cultural landmarks and points of interest are in its downtown area. Three city hall buildings have been built: Hayward City Hall; the City Center Building, an abandoned 11-story building and Hayward's second city hall; and the first city hall at Alex Giualini Plaza, whose architectural motifs form the current city logo.

Other downtown features include the Hayward Area Historical Society museum, which relocated and re-opened in June 2014; Buffalo Bill's Brewery, one of the first brewpubs in California; and Cinema Place, Hayward's only movie theatre, with associated murals and an art gallery. Many of the Hayward Public Art Program murals are located downtown.

Historic landmarks

See also: List of buildings and structures in Hayward, California

Hayward has two sites in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): the Green Shutter Hotel and Eden Congregational Church. A third site, Meek Mansion (also in the NRHP), while not within city limits, is managed by HARD and the Hayward Area Historical Society. The three sites are also on the California Register of Historical Resources. Agapius Honcharenko's Ukraina Ranch is the only California Historical Landmark in the city.

Portugueseparkhaywardcalifornia
Julio J. Bras Portuguese Centennial Park

Parks and protected areas

Hayward has four parks administered by the East Bay Regional Park District: the Don Castro Regional Recreation Area, Dry Creek Pioneer Regional Park, the Hayward Regional Shoreline, and Garin Regional Park. The Eden Landing Ecological Reserve is located at the Hayward shoreline, and includes 600 acres of salt ponds set to be converted to tidal wetlands. Hayward is also home to the oldest Japanese garden in California designed along traditional lines. The 3.5 acre Japanese Gardens was dedicated in 1980. The garden is administered by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District (HARD), which operates a number of parks and facilities, primarily in Hayward, including Kennedy Park, the Sulphur Creek Nature Center, the Hayward Shoreline Interpretive Center, and Memorial Park with the Hayward Plunge swim center. HARD is the largest recreation district in California.

Sister cities

Hayward is the sister city of:

  • Japan Funabashi, Chiba, Japan
  • Afghanistan Ghazni, Afghanistan
  • Portugal Faro, Portugal was formerly a sister city, c. 1979

Images for kids


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