Richard II of England facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsRichard II
|King of England; Lord of Ireland|
Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
|Reign||22 June 1377 – 29 September 1399 (22 years)|
|Coronation||16 July 1377|
|Predecessor||Edward III "of Windsor"|
|Successor||Henry IV "Bolingbroke"|
|Regent||John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (de facto)|
6 January 1367|
Bordeaux, Principality of Aquitaine
|Died||14 February 1400
Pontefract Castle, West Yorkshire
|Burial||Westminster Abbey, London|
|Spouse||Anne of Bohemia (1382–1394)
Isabella of Valois (1396–1400)
|House||House of Plantagenet|
|Father||Edward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"|
|Mother||Joan of Kent|
Richard II (6 January 1367–14 February 1400) was the son of Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan of Kent, "The Fair Maid of Kent". He was born in Bordeaux, and became his father's successor when his elder brother died in infancy. His father died before him, so he became king in 1377. His uncle John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster became regent until Richard II could rule. He was deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke (Henry IV), John of Gaunt's son with Blanche of Lancaster, taken prisoner and later died in captivity.
Richard abdicated (resigned) in 1399. He was murdered later that year.
Images for kids
Westminster Hall in the early 19th century
Richard II of England Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.