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TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
Logo TSG Hoffenheim.svg
Full name Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft
1899 Hoffenheim e.V.
Nickname(s) Die Kraichgauer (From Kraichgau region),
achtzehn99 (1899)
Der Blau (The Blues)
Founded 1 July 1899; 123 years ago (1899-07-01)
Ground Rhein-Neckar-Arena
Ground Capacity 30,150
Owner Dietmar Hopp (96%)
President Kristian Baumgärtner
Head coach André Breitenreiter
League Bundesliga
2020–21 Bundesliga, 11th of 18
Third colours

Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft 1899 Hoffenheim e.V., or simply TSG 1899 Hoffenheim or just Hoffenheim (pronounced [teː ʔɛs ɡeː ˈʔaxt͡seːnˈhʊndɐt ˈnɔʏ̯nʔʊntˈnɔʏ̯nt͡sɪç ˈhɔfn̩haɪ̯m]) is a German professional football club based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg.

Originally founded in 1899 as a gymnastics club, Hoffenheim came into being in its modern form in 1945. A fifth division side in 2000, the club rapidly advanced through the German football league system with the financial backing of alumnus and software mogul Dietmar Hopp, and in 2008 Hoffenheim was promoted to the top tier Bundesliga. In the 2017–18 season, Hoffenheim finished third in the Bundesliga (its best to date), qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time.

Since 2009, Hoffenheim has played its home games at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena (currently known as PreZero Arena), having previously played at the Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion from 1999.


The modern-day club was formed in 1945, when gymnastics club Turnverein Hoffenheim (founded 1 July 1899) and football club Fußballverein Hoffenheim (founded 1921) merged. At the beginning of the 1990s, the club was an obscure local amateur side playing in the eighth division Baden-Württemberg A-Liga. They steadily improved and by 1996 were competing in the Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V).

Around 2000, alumnus Dietmar Hopp returned to the club of his youth as a financial backer. Hopp was the co-founder of software firm SAP and he put some of his money into the club. His contributions generated almost immediate results: in 2000 Hoffenheim finished first in the Verbandsliga and was promoted to the fourth-division Oberliga Baden-Württemberg. Another first-place finish moved the club up to the Regionalliga Süd (III) for the 2001–02 season. They finished 13th in their first season in the Regionalliga, but improved significantly the next year, earning a fifth-place result.

Hoffenheim earned fifth and seventh-place finishes in the next two seasons, before improving to fourth in 2005–06 to earn their best result to date. The club made its first DFB-Pokal appearance in the 2003–04 competition and performed well, advancing to the quarter-finals by eliminating 2. Bundesliga sides Eintracht Trier and Karlsruher SC and Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen before being put out themselves by another 2. Bundesliga side, VfB Lübeck.

Negotiations to merge TSG Hoffenheim, Astoria Walldorf, and SV Sandhausen to create FC Heidelberg 06 in 2005 were abandoned due to the resistance of the latter two clubs, and the failure to agree on whether the new side's stadium should be located in Heidelberg or Eppelheim. Team owner Hopp clearly preferred Heidelberg, but could not overcome the resistance of local firm Wild, which had already reserved the site of the planned stadium for its new production facilities.

2006–2008: Major investments, promotion to the Bundesliga

In 2006, the club sought to improve its squad and technical staff by bringing in players with several years of Bundesliga experience, most notably Jochen Seitz and Tomislav Marić, and young talents like Sejad Salihović, while signing manager Ralf Rangnick, who managed Bundesliga teams such as SSV Ulm 1846, VfB Stuttgart, Hannover 96 and Schalke 04, to a five-year contract. The investment paid off in the 2006–07 season with the club's promotion to the 2. Bundesliga after finishing second in Regionalliga Süd.

The 2007–08 season was Hoffenheim's first season in professional football. After a weak start with three losses and only one draw in the first four games, the team's performance improved remarkably and Hoffenheim climbed from 16th place on matchday four to second place on matchday 23. The team managed to defend their place until the end of the season, having scored 60 points after matchday 34. As a result of their second-place finish, they received automatic promotion to the Bundesliga, the highest tier in German football, after playing in the 2. Bundesliga for just one season.

2008–present: Growth of the club and Champions League football

Hoffenheim had a successful season in their debut in the Bundesliga, the top German division, as they went on to record a 7th place finish. The club's best players of the season were Vedad Ibišević and Demba Ba, who scored 18 and 14 respectively. In the 2009–10 Bundesliga, the club had a less successful season, recording a finish outside of the top 10, finishing 11th. The club eventually went on to finish in 11th place for the next two consecutive seasons. In the 2012–13 Bundesliga, the club came very close to suffering relegation, after they a 16th place finish, meaning they would have to play in the relegation play-offs to survive; the club went on to beat their opponents Kaiserslautern by a scoreline of 5–2 on aggregate, with Roberto Firmino scoring two goals in the first match. In the 2013–14 Bundesliga, the club had strange statistics; being the third best goalscoring team in the league, but also the worst defensive team, scoring 72 goals and conceding 70. The club's best goalscorer of the season, also their best assist provider, was Roberto Firmino, scoring 16 goals and providing 12 assists, with the player winning the Bundesliga Breakthrough Player of the Season award. In the 2014–15 Bundesliga, the club came very close to qualifying for the Europa League, with just two points separating them from Borussia Dortmund, who were in 7th place. Despite the 8th place finish, Hoffenheim still had a goal difference of −6 in the 2014–15 season. In the 2015–16 Bundesliga, the club once again came close to suffering relegation, with just one point separating them from the relegation play-offs.

In the 2016–17 season, new coach Julian Nagelsmann took over, beginning to recruit several very significant players, including Andrej Kramarić, Kerem Demirbay and Sandro Wagner. Initially, the club struggled for form, with four draws in the first four games of the season, before a rise in form rose the club to third place in the league by the end of October. On 4 April 2017, the club beat Bayern Munich by a scoreline of 1–0, one of the most important wins in the club's history. On 21 April 2017, the club confirmed that they would play European football next season following a 1–1 draw with Köln. Following a 4th place finish in the 2016–17 Bundesliga, Hoffenheim confirmed Champions League football for the 2017–18 season. The club were eventually drawn to play six-time European champions Liverpool in the play-off round. The club lost the first leg tie by a scoreline of 1–2, before a 4–2 loss in the second leg confirmed Hoffenheim's elimination from the tournament, as the club lost 3–6 on aggregate. Due to their elimination from the play-off stages, the club would continue playing European football in the Europa League group stages, however, the club would suffer elimination from the tournament as they would finish bottom of their group.

In the 2017–18 Bundesliga season, Hoffenheim had a successful season, finishing third, automatically qualifying for next year's UEFA Champions League.

The 2018–19 season was more disappointing for Hoffenheim, as they finished bottom of their Champions League group with only 3 draws and 3 losses whilst playing against the likes of Manchester City, Lyon and Shakhtar Donetsk. This meant that they did not make it out of the group stages of a European competition again. In the Bundesliga Hoffenheim didn't fare much better, finishing a disappointing 9th place, 6 below their ranking of 3rd during the 2017–18 campaign with 51 points. This was just two places and 3 points away from the Europa League qualifying rounds. In the DFB-Pokal Hoffenheim were eliminated by RB Leipzig in a 2–0 loss with both goals from Timo Werner. The season's top scorer was Andre Kramarić, with the Croatian finding the goal 22 times in 37 appearances. The German Kerem Demirbay was the club's top playmaker with 11 assists during the 2018–19 season. Head coach Julian Nagelsmann left the club to join RB Leipzig at the end of the season. Alfred Schreuder, former assistant coach under Huub Stevens and Julian Nagelsmann was appointed as the new head coach.


Current squad

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Oliver Baumann (vice-captain)
3 Czech Republic DF Pavel Kadeřábek
4 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Ermin Bičakčić
5 Turkey DF Ozan Kabak
6 Germany MF Grischa Prömel
7 Denmark FW Jacob Bruun Larsen
8 Germany MF Dennis Geiger
9 Togo FW Ihlas Bebou
10 Israel FW Mu'nas Dabbur
11 Spain DF Angeliño (on loan from RB Leipzig)
12 Germany GK Philipp Pentke
13 Germany MF Angelo Stiller
14 Austria MF Christoph Baumgartner
16 Germany MF Sebastian Rudy
No. Position Player
20 Germany MF Finn Ole Becker
22 Germany DF Kevin Vogt
25 Nigeria DF Kevin Akpoguma
26 Portugal DF Eduardo Quaresma (on loan from Sporting CP)
27 Croatia FW Andrej Kramarić
29 Denmark FW Robert Skov
33 France FW Georginio Rutter
34 France DF Stanley Nsoki
35 Germany MF Muhammed Damar
36 Germany GK Nahue Noll
37 Germany GK Luca Philipp
39 Germany MF Tom Bischof
44 Germany FW Fisnik Asllani
- Denmark FW Kasper Dolberg (on loan from OGC Nice)
Brazil DF Lucas Ribeiro

Players out on loan

No. Position Player
Netherlands DF Melayro Bogarde (at Netherlands PEC Zwolle until 30 June 2023)
Ghana DF Kasim Nuhu (at Switzerland FC Basel until 30 June 2023)
Austria DF Stefan Posch (at Italy Bologna until 30 June 2023)
No. Position Player
Germany MF Marco John (at Greuther Fürth until 30 June 2023)
Mali MF Diadie Samassékou (at Greece Olympiacos until 30 June 2023)
Germany FW Maximilian Beier (at Hannover 96 until 30 June 2023)
France FW Daniel Labila (at Portugal Académico de Viseu until 30 June 2023)

Reserve team

Women's team


First team

Manager Germany André Breitenreiter
Assistant manager Germany Matthias Kaltenbach
Goalkeeper coach Germany Michael Rechner
Athletics coach Germany Christian Weigl
Rehab coach Germany Otmar Rösch


Rhein-Neckar-Arena Sinsheim
PreZero Rhein-Neckar-Arena, the first division team's current stadium.

Before being promoted to the 1. Bundesliga in 2008, the club played in Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion which was built in 1999 with a capacity of 5,000 (1,620 seats).

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim made their loftier ambitions clear in 2006 when the club's management decided to build the new 30,150 seat Rhein-Neckar-Arena suitable for hosting Bundesliga matches. The stadium was originally to be built in Heidelberg before the selection of a site in Sinsheim.

They opened their first season in the 1. Bundesliga at the 26,022 capacity Carl-Benz-Stadion in Mannheim and played their first match in their new stadium on 31 January 2009.

Interwetten betting company had agreed to be the stadium's betting partner for TSG Hoffenheim from August 2017, to 2020.


On 25 September 2020, TSG 1899 Hoffenheim signed a partnership agreement with MLS club FC Cincinnati.


The club's honours:


  • German Under 19 championship
    • Champions: 2013–14
    • Runners-up: 2014–15, 2015–16
  • German Under 17 championship
    • Champions: 2007–08
  • Under 19 Bundesliga South/Southwest
    • Champions: 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
  • Under 17 Bundesliga South/Southwest
    • Champions: 2007–08
    • Runners-up: 2010–11
  • Under 15 Regionalliga Süd
    • Champions: 2011–12, 2012–13, 2015–16
  • Won by reserve team.

Coaching history

Recent coaches of the club:

Start End Coach
1979 1982 Germany Helmut Zuber
1982 1982 Germany Meinard Stadelbauer
1982 1984 Germany Rudi Ebel
1984 1985 Germany Klaus Keller
1986 1989 Germany Helmut Jedele
1989 1990 Germany Gerhard Boll
1990 1992 Germany Egon Ludwig
1992 1994 Germany Hans Schreiner
1994 1998 Germany Roland Schmitt
1998 1998 Germany Alfred Schön
1998 14 March 1999 Germany Raimund Lietzau
15 March 1999 30 September 1999 Germany Günter Hillenbrand
31 August 1999 12 March 2000 Germany Riko Weigand
2000 30 June 2000 Germany Alfred Schön
1 July 2000 19 November 2005 Germany Hansi Flick
19 November 2005 23 December 2005 Germany Roland Dickgießer*
10 January 2006 21 May 2006 Germany Lorenz-Günther Köstner
24 May 2006 30 June 2006 Germany Alfred Schön*
1 July 2006 1 January 2011 Germany Ralf Rangnick
2 January 2011 30 June 2011 Germany Marco Pezzaiuoli
1 July 2011 9 February 2012 Germany Holger Stanislawski
10 February 2012 3 December 2012 Germany Markus Babbel
3 December 2012 31 December 2012 Germany Frank Kramer*
1 January 2013 2 April 2013 Germany Marco Kurz
2 April 2013 26 October 2015 Germany Markus Gisdol
26 October 2015 10 February 2016 Netherlands Huub Stevens
11 February 2016 30 June 2019 Germany Julian Nagelsmann
1 July 2019 9 June 2020 Netherlands Alfred Schreuder
10 June 2020 26 July 2020 Germany Matthias Kaltenbach*
27 July 2020 17 May 2022 Germany Sebastian Hoeneß
*As caretaker coach.

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:

Season Division Tier Position
1977–78 B-Klasse Nord IX 3rd
1978–79 Kreisliga B Nord 9th
1979–80 4th
1980–81 4th
1981–82 3rd
1982–83 5th↑
1983–84 Kreisliga A VIII 11th
1984–85 9th
1985–86 7th
1986–87 5th
1987–88 1st↑
1988–89 Bezirksliga Sinsheim VII 15th↓
1989–90 Kreisliga A VIII 13th
1990–91 1st↑
1991–92 Bezirksliga Sinsheim VII 1st↑
1992–93 Landesliga Rhein-Neckar VI 7th
1993–94 5th
1994–95 3rd
1995–96 1st↑
1996–97 Verbandsliga Nordbaden V 9th
1997–98 3rd
1998–99 2nd
1999–00 1st↑
2000–01 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg IV 1st↑
2001–02 Regionalliga Süd III 13th
2002–03 5th
2003–04 5th
2004–05 7th
2005–06 4th
2006–07 2nd↑
2007–08 2. Bundesliga II 2nd↑
2008–09 Bundesliga I 7th
2009–10 11th
2010–11 11th
2011–12 11th
2012–13 16th
2013–14 9th
2014–15 8th
2015–16 15th
2016–17 4th
2017–18 3rd
2018–19 9th
2019–20 6th
2020–21 11th
2021–22 9th
Promoted Relegated
  • With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. In 2012, the number of Regionalligas was increased from three to five with all Regionalliga Süd clubs except the Bavarian ones entering the new Regionalliga Südwest.

European record

Hoffenheim made their debut in European competition in 2017, qualifying for the play-off round of the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-offs. Their first match was on 15 August 2017, losing the first leg of the play-offs 2–1 to Liverpool.


Season Competition Round Club Home Away Result
2017–18 UEFA Champions League PO England Liverpool 1–2 2–4 3–6
UEFA Europa League GS Portugal Braga 1–2 1–3 4th
Bulgaria Ludogorets Razgrad 1–1 1–2
Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir 3–1 1–1
2018–19 UEFA Champions League GS Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 2–3 2–2 4th
England Manchester City 1–2 1–2
France Lyon 3–3 2–2
2020–21 UEFA Europa League GS Belgium Gent 4–1 4–1 1st
Serbia Red Star Belgrade 2–0 0–0
Czech Republic Slovan Liberec 5–0 2–0
R32 Norway Molde 0–2 3–3 3–5

UEFA club coefficient ranking

Rank Team Points
61 Belgium Gent 26.500
62 Belgium Anderlecht 25.000
63 Germany 1899 Hoffenheim 23.000
64 Kazakhstan Astana 22.500
65 Belgium Standard Liège 22.000

Top scorers

Rank Player Years Goals
1 Croatia Andrej Kramarić 2016– 101
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sejad Salihović 2006–2015 67
3 Bosnia and Herzegovina Vedad Ibišević 2007–2012 54

Women's team

The women's team started playing in 2006–07 and rushed through the lower leagues. The women's team plays at Dietmar-Hopp-Stadion and is currently coached by Jürgen Ehrmann.

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