Prince of Wales is a royal title. It is usually held by the eldest son of the King or Queen of the United Kingdom. The title is not automatic, but is given by the reigning monarch.
When a person becomes King or Queen, their eldest son immediately becomes Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay. The current Prince of Wales, Prince Charles, was born in 1948, and was known as Prince Charles of Edinburgh (his father is The Duke of Edinburgh). In 1952, his mother became Queen, and he became The Duke of Cornwall (in Scotland he was called The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay). In 1957, the Queen made him Prince of Wales, and he is now called Prince of Wales, except in Scotland, where he is still The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay.
King George II created his son, Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales. When Frederick died, the King made Frederick's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales.
British royal titles
Duke of Lancaster ·
Duke of Edinburgh · Prince
& Princess of Wales
, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay · Duke
& Duchess of York ·
Duke of Albany · Duke of Gloucester ·
Duke of Kent · Duke of Windsor ·
Duke of Clarence ·
Duke of Cambridge ·
Duke of Cumberland ·
Duke of Connaught and Strathearn ·
Duke of Sussex ·
Earl of Wessex · Princess Royal
Images for kids
Many Welsh nationalists were opposed to the investiture of Prince Charles at Caernarfon Castle. A large protest was organised in the town in the months before the Investiture.