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James I of Scotland facts for kids

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King James I of Scotland
King of Scots
James I of Scotland.jpg
Reign April 4, 1406 – February 21, 1437
Coronation May 2 or 21, 1424
Born (1394-12-10)December 10, 1394 Edinburgh Castle
Died February 21, 1437(1437-02-21) (aged 42)
Place of death Perth
Buried Perth Charterhouse
Predecessor Robert III
Successor James II
Consort Joan Beaufort
Royal House Stewart
Father Robert III
Mother Annabella Drummond

James I (December 10, 1394 – February 21, 1437) was King of Scots from April 4, 1406, and ruled as King of Scots from May 1424 until February 21, 1437.


In London, on 12 February 1424, James married Joan Beaufort, daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland. They had eight children:

  • Margaret Stewart (1424 – 16 August 1445)
  • Isabella Stewart (1426 – 13 October 1494/5 March 1499)
  • Joan Stewart (1428 – aft. 16 October 1486)
  • Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (born and died 16 October 1430), elder twin of James II
  • James II of Scotland (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460)
  • Eleanor Stewart (1433 – 20 November 1480)
  • Mary Stewart, Countess of Buchan (1434/35–20 March 1465)
  • Annabella Stewart (1436–1509)


He made many economic and legal changes. For instance, he tried to change the Parliament of Scotland to suit English lines. Many of his actions were useful, but they also upset many people. Therefore during the later years of his reign his ability was questioned, but when the king threw a party on February 21, 1437, he was assassinated by a group of Scots led by Sir Robert Graham. He attempted to escape his attackers through a sewer but could not because the sewer was blocked. A wave of executions followed, including the king's uncle, Sir Walter Sterwart and Sir Robert Steward.

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