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Waterford Township, Michigan facts for kids

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Waterford Township
Charter township
Charter Township of Waterford
Waterford MI Gateway Sign.jpg
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Organized 1834
 • Type Charter Township
 • Total 35.3 sq mi (91.4 km2)
 • Land 31.3 sq mi (81.2 km2)
 • Water 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)  11.22%
948 ft (289 m)
 • Total 72,166
 • Density 2,044.4/sq mi (789.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 248
FIPS code 26-84240
GNIS feature ID 1627218
Website Charter Township of Waterford Michigan

Waterford Township is a charter township in the geographic center of Oakland County, Michigan, United States.

In 2012, the population of Waterford Township, Michigan was 72,166.


Waterford Township has five unincorporated communities:


Lewis Cass, the third governor of Michigan Territory, established the boundaries of Oakland County in 1819. Waterford Township was organized in 1834.

In 1818, Oliver Williams selected land in Oakland County which he purchased for two dollars an acre. Archibald Phillips and Alpheus Williams purchased 161.40 acres (653,200 m2) in what later became Waterford Village.

In 1818, Oliver Williams and his family established the first farm settlement in the county on the banks of Silver Lake.

In 1819, Alpheus Williams and Archibald Phillips continued on to where the Clinton River crossed the old Saginaw Trail (now known as Dixie Highway). They settled at the site of the present Waterford Village. Here the first house of Waterford Village was built by Alpheus Williams on the north bank of the river. Archibald Phillips built his home across from the south corner where Andersonville Road meets Dixie Highway.

Williams and Phillips also built the first dam where the Clinton River crossed the Saginaw Trail and erected the first sawmill.

The township was named Waterford because of the vast number of lakes covering the township.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91 km2), of which 31.3 square miles (81 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2), or 11.22%, is water.


Like the rest of Southeast Michigan, Waterford Township has a continental climate. It has a higher elevation than Detroit (982 feet (299 m) compared to 585 feet (178 m)), and therefore the township is somewhat cooler than Detroit and other nearby cities. It is moderately cold in the winter with varied snowfall throughout. Spring varies from warm by day to cool at night. The township's warmest weather occurs in the summer with temperatures in the eighty to ninety degree range and typically high humidity. Summer is also the wettest season in the area. In recent years, Waterford Township has seen a few 100-plus degree days. Fall starts warm, but November ends with high temperatures barely above freezing.


Cass Lake (Michigan) boats Wednesdays (514873849)
Cass Lake, the largest and deepest lake in Waterford Township

Waterford Township is home to 34 named lakes.

Lakes in Waterford Township
Lake Size in acres Depth in feet
Baldwin Lake 9 10
Cass Lake (part) 1,280 123
Clam Lake 21 10
Crescent Lake 90 40
Eagle Lake 19 20
Elizabeth Lake 363 72
Fiddle Lake 9 10
Geneva Lake 19 35
Huntoon Lake 42.5 15
Lake Angelus (part) 477 88
Lake Oakland (most) 255 64
Lake Goodrich 4 10
Leggets Lake 25 10
Lester Lake (most) 12 25
Loon Lake 243 73
Lotus Lake (most) 179 65
Maceday Lake 234 117
Mohawk Lake 23 33
Morgan Lake 28 25
Otter Lake 74 50
Pleasant Lake 92 52
Pontiac Lake (part) 612 34
Rainbow Lake 5 15
Schoolhouse Lake 37 49
Scott Lake 77.5 35
Silver Lake 101 73
Sylvan Lake (part) 532 71
Upper Silver Lake (part) 35.5 30
Van Norman Lake (part) 66 90
Watkins Lake 238 25
White Horse Lake 8 10
Williams Lake 155 45
Woodhull Lake (most) 135 56
Wormer Lake 27.5 24


As of the 2012 population report from SEMCOG, Waterford Township had a population of 72,166.

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 73,150 people, 29,387 households, and 19,130 families residing in the township in 2000. The population density was 2,334.3 people per square mile (901.2/km²).

In 2000, there were 30,404 housing units with an average density of 970.2 per square mile (374.6/km²).

The racial makeup of the township in 2000 was:

  • 92.65% White
  • 3.91% Hispanic or Latino
  • 2.89% African American
  • 0.35% Native American
  • 1.27% Asian
  • 0.01% Pacific Islander
  • 1.13% from other races
  • 1.69% from two or more races

In 2000, there were:

  • 29,387 households
  • 30.4% of the households had children under the age of 18 living with them
  • 51.6% were married couples living together
  • 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present
  • 34.9% were non-families
  • 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals
  • 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
  • 2.42 was the average household size
  • 2.99 was the average family size.

The township's 2000 population was:

  • 23.2% under the age of 18
  • 8.2% from 18 to 24
  • 36.0% from 25 to 44
  • 21.8% from 45 to 64
  • 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older
  • The median age was 36 years
  • For every 100 females there were 99.6 males
  • For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 97.5 males

The median income for a household in 2000 in the township was $55,008, and the median income for a family was $64,500. Males had a median income of $47,409 versus $32,016 for females. The per capita income for the township was $27,432. About 3.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 and over.


Oakland County International Airport is located in Waterford Township. The airport is a hub for the airline Lakeshore Express, a local commuter airline to Pellston, and Chicago-Midway

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