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Abdul Hamid II
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Sultan Abdulhamid.jpg
Abdülhamid II in the late 19th century as a Sultan.
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Reign 31 August 1876 – 27 April 1909
Sword girding 7 September 1876
Predecessor Murad V
Successor Mehmed V
Born (1842-09-21)21 September 1842
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul
Died 10 February 1918(1918-02-10) (aged 75)
Beylerbeyi Palace, Istanbul
Burial Sultan Mahmud II Tomb
Royal house House of Osman
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother • Tirimüjgan Sultan
• Rahime Perestu Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra Abdul Hamid II's signature

Abdul Hamid II (21 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was the last sultan to have complete control over the Empire. He witnessed many revolutions and wars. Abdulhamid II ruled from 1876 to 1909, until he was deposed by a group of people calling themselves the "Young Turks".

He modernized the Empire during his reign, by for example building many railways, schools and hospitals. He also seeked to unify the Empire under the name of Islam as opposed to others wanting to unify the Empire under Ottomanism.

Although the Empire was beginning to fall, he at least gave the Empire a lift in his reign.

His reign ended as Young Turks revolted against him, effectively deposing him and putting their favored sultan, Mehmed V.

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