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Harrison County, West Virginia facts for kids

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Harrison County
Harrison County Courthouse
Harrison County Courthouse
Official seal of Harrison County
Map of West Virginia highlighting Harrison County
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  West Virginia
Founded May 3, 1784
Named for Benjamin Harrison V
Seat Clarksburg
Largest city Clarksburg
 • Total 417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land 416 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2)  0.1%%
 • Total 69,099
 • Estimate 
 • Density 165.71/sq mi (63.98/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Harrison County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,099. The county seat is Clarksburg.

Harrison County is part of the Clarksburg, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area.


White trappers visited the area that is now Harrison County as early as the 1760s when it was still part of the vast Augusta County, Virginia. The settler Daniel Davisson claimed the land upon which present-day Clarksburg, Harrison County was formed in 1773, when the area was still part of the vast Monongalia County, Virginia.

Harrison County was created in 1784, formed from Monongalia County and named for Benjamin Harrison V, who had recently retired as the Governor of Virginia. (He was the father of William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States and great-grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, 23rd president.) From the vast territory that was called “Harrison County” in 1784 were carved, over the next 72 years, all of eight present day West Virginia counties and parts of ten others.

The first meeting of the Harrison County court was held on July 20, 1784 at home of George Jackson. One of the first orders of business was to select a permanent county seat. It was decided to move the county seat to Clarksburg. The town, named in honor of the explorer General George Rogers Clark (1752–1818), was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly in October 1785, and it was incorporated in 1795.

Clarksburg's first newspaper, The By-Stander, began publication in 1810. Clarksburg began to grow following the construction of the Northwestern Turnpike connecting Winchester and Parkersburg, which reached it in 1836. Clarksburg's economic development was also helped by the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1856. The railroad was instrumental in the development of the local coal mining industry during the late 1800s and early 1900s.


Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson statue in front of the Harrison County Courthouse.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 416 square miles (1,080 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.1%) is water. The county is drained by the West Fork River and its tributaries, including Tenmile Creek, Simpson Creek, Elk Creek, and Hackers Creek.

Major highways

  • I-79.svg Interstate 79
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • WV-20.svg West Virginia Route 20
  • WV-23.svg West Virginia Route 23
  • WV-57.svg West Virginia Route 57
  • WV-58.svg West Virginia Route 58
  • WV-76.svg West Virginia Route 76
  • WV-98.svg West Virginia Route 98
  • WV-131.svg West Virginia Route 131
  • WV-270.svg West Virginia Route 270

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 2,080
1800 4,848 133.1%
1810 9,958 105.4%
1820 10,932 9.8%
1830 14,722 34.7%
1840 17,669 20.0%
1850 11,728 −33.6%
1860 13,790 17.6%
1870 16,714 21.2%
1880 20,181 20.7%
1890 21,919 8.6%
1900 27,690 26.3%
1910 48,381 74.7%
1920 74,793 54.6%
1930 78,567 5.0%
1940 82,911 5.5%
1950 85,296 2.9%
1960 77,856 −8.7%
1970 73,028 −6.2%
1980 77,710 6.4%
1990 69,371 −10.7%
2000 68,652 −1.0%
2010 69,099 0.7%
2019 (est.) 67,256 −2.7%
US Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,099 people, 28,533 households, and 18,992 families in the county. The population density was 166/sqmi (64.1/km2). There were 31,431 housing units at an average density of 75.6/sqmi (29.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% white, 1.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.8% were German, 19.0% were American, 18.3% were Irish, 13.2% were English, and 10.4% were Italian.

Of the 28,533 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, and 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,191 and the median income for a family was $46,882. Males had a median income of $42,615 versus $28,867 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,010. About 15.0% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Charles Pointe Master-Planned Community

Harrison County is the site of a master-planned community, Charles Pointe, which is currently under construction in the city of Bridgeport, WV and comprises 1,700 acres (6.9 km2) that will combine commercial, residential, and recreational areas into one master-planned community. Adjacent to Charles Pointe, the new United Hospital Center, a $278 million state-of-the-art medical facility, is also currently being constructed. Directly across from the United Hospital Center site, White Oaks, a planned business community is also under way, and will support the new hospital and the FBI CJIS complex, which is also located nearby to the White Oaks site. This area of West Virginia's Interstate 79 is considered part of a "High Tech Corridor."

Historical landmarks

Notable people

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Harrison (Virginia Occidental) para niños

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