Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

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Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Map
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lackawanna County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the USA highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 13, 1878
Seat Scranton
Largest City Scranton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

465 sq mi (1,204 km²)
459 sq mi (1,189 km²)
5.8 sq mi (15 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

211,917
462/sq mi (178/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.lackawannacounty.org
Named for: Lackawanna River

Lackawanna County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 214,437. Its county seat and largest city is Scranton.

The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The courts were organized in October 1878.) It is Pennsylvania's last county to be created. It is named for the Lackawanna River.

Lackawanna County is included in the Scranton–Wilkes-BarreHazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area ("Wyoming Valley"). It is the second largest County within the metropolitan area. It lies northwest of the Pocono Mountains. Lackawanna County is located approximately 40 miles from the New Jersey border in Montague, New Jersey and also located approximately 33 miles from upstate New York in Windsor, New York.

History

Lackawanna County is a region that was developed for iron production and anthracite coal mining in the nineteenth century, with its peak of coal production reached in the mid-20th century. Scranton, then still part of Luzerne County, became a center of mining and industry. It was the site of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, which later began to produce steel using the Bessemer process. In 1877 at the time of the Scranton General Strike, the company was managed by William Walker Scranton, whose father had been president until his death in 1872. Two of his cousins had been founders of the company and the city.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 465 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 459 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

  • I-81
  • I-84
  • I-380
  • I-476 / Template:Infobox road/PA/abbrev PANE
  • US 6
  • US 11
  • PA 307
  • PA 407
  • PA 438

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 89,269
1890 142,088 59.2%
1900 193,831 36.4%
1910 259,570 33.9%
1920 286,311 10.3%
1930 310,397 8.4%
1940 301,243 −2.9%
1950 257,396 −14.6%
1960 234,531 −8.9%
1970 234,107 −0.2%
1980 227,908 −2.6%
1990 219,039 −3.9%
2000 213,295 −2.6%
2010 214,437 0.5%
Est. 2015 211,917 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 214,437 people residing in the county. 92.0% were White, 2.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 5.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.1% identified as of Italian, 19.9% Irish, 13.0% Polish and 11.4% German ancestry.

As of the census of 2000, there were 213,295 people, 86,218 households, and 55,783 families residing in the county. The population density was 465 people per square mile (180/km²). There were 95,362 housing units at an average density of 208 per square mile (80/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.65% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.5% were of Italian, 21.2% Irish, 15.4% Polish and 10.2% German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 86,218 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families; 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.40 males.

County poverty demographics

According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for County was 15.4% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Abington Heights School District - 15.5% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level; Carbondale Area School District - 64.7%; Dunmore School District - 33.8%; Lakeland School District - 29.2%; Mid Valley School District - 49.2%; North Pocono School District - 31.3%; Old Forge School District - 41.7%; Riverside School District - 43.4%; Scranton School District - 63.7%; and Valley View School District - 29.4%.

Birth rate

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Lackawanna County's live birth rate was 2,664 births in 1990. The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 2,148 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 2,200 babies. Over the past 50 years (1960 to 2010), rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.

Marcellus shale impact fee

Act 13 of 2012, which levied a Marcellus Shale Impact Fee, was signed into law by Governor Tom Corbett on February 14, 2012. The bill provides for the imposition of an unconventional well fee by county (or alternatively municipalities compelling the imposition of an unconventional well fee). A county may impose the fee if unconventional gas wells are located within its borders and it passes an ordinance within 60 days of the effective date of Act 13. A county that did not pass an ordinance imposing a fee is prohibited from receiving funds. This prohibition remains in effect until a county passes an ordinance imposing a fee. In 2014, Lacakawanna County received an impact fee disbursement of $205,082.23 even though there are no wells in the County. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014.

  • 2013 - 1 shale well, impact fee revenues to Lackawanna County - $211,525.71

Recreation

  • Montage Mountain Ski Area
  • Lackawanna State Park
  • Archbald Pothole State Park
  • Pinchot Trail System
  • PNC Field Merli-Sarnoski Park
  • Nay Aug Park
  • McDade Park

Communities

Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, Municipalities and CDPs
Map of Lackawanna County with municipalities and CDPs labeled.
Scenery in Lackawanna County, PA IMG 1595
Scenery in Lackawanna County

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and one town. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lackawanna County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

  • Benton
  • Carbondale
  • Clifton
  • Covington
  • Elmhurst
  • Fell
  • Glenburn
  • Greenfield
  • Jefferson
  • La Plume
  • Madison
  • Newton
  • North Abington
  • Ransom
  • Roaring Brook
  • Scott
  • South Abington
  • Spring Brook
  • Thornhurst
  • Waverly
  • West Abington

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lackawanna County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Scranton City 76,089
2 Dunmore Borough 14,057
3 Carbondale City 8,891
4 Old Forge Borough 8,313
5 Archbald Borough 6,984
6 Blakely Borough 6,564
7 Taylor Borough 6,263
8 Dickson City Borough 6,070
9 Moosic Borough 5,719
10 Olyphant Borough 5,151
11 Clarks Summit Borough 5,116
12 Jessup Borough 4,676
13 Throop Borough 4,088
14 Jermyn Borough 2,169
15 Chinchilla CDP 2,098
16 Moscow Borough 2,026
17 Mayfield Borough 1,807
18 Mount Cobb CDP 1,799
19 Clarks Green Borough 1,476
20 Simpson CDP 1,275
21 Big Bass Lake (partially in Wayne County) CDP 1,270
22 Dalton Borough 1,234
23 Glenburn CDP 953
24 Vandling Borough 751
25 Waverly CDP 604
26 Eagle Lake CDP 12

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