Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Lackawanna County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||August 13, 1878|
|Named for||Lackawanna River|
|• Total||465 sq mi (1,200 km2)|
|• Land||459 sq mi (1,190 km2)|
|• Water||5.8 sq mi (15 km2) 1.3%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||462/sq mi (178/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The courts were organized in October 1878.) It is Pennsylvania's last county to be created. It is named for the Lackawanna River.
Lackawanna County is included in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area ("Wyoming Valley"). It is the second largest County within the metropolitan area. It lies northwest of the Pocono Mountains. Lackawanna County is located approximately 40 miles from the New Jersey border in Montague, New Jersey and also located approximately 33 miles from upstate New York in Windsor, New York.
Lackawanna County is a region that was developed for iron production and anthracite coal mining in the nineteenth century, with its peak of coal production reached in the mid-20th century. Scranton, then still part of Luzerne County, became a center of mining and industry. It was the site of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, which later began to produce steel using the Bessemer process. In 1877 at the time of the Scranton General Strike, the company was managed by William Walker Scranton, whose father had been president until his death in 1872. Two of his cousins had been founders of the company and the city.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 465 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 459 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.3%) is water.
- Susquehanna County (north)
- Wayne County (east)
- Monroe County (southeast)
- Luzerne County (southwest)
- Wyoming County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 214,437 people residing in the county. 92.0% were White, 2.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 5.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.1% identified as of Italian, 19.9% Irish, 13.0% Polish and 11.4% German ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 213,295 people, 86,218 households, and 55,783 families residing in the county. The population density was 465 people per square mile (180/km²). There were 95,362 housing units at an average density of 208 per square mile (80/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.65% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.5% were of Italian, 21.2% Irish, 15.4% Polish and 10.2% German ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 86,218 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families; 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.40 males.
- County poverty demographics
According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for County was 15.4% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Abington Heights School District - 15.5% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level; Carbondale Area School District - 64.7%; Dunmore School District - 33.8%; Lakeland School District - 29.2%; Mid Valley School District - 49.2%; North Pocono School District - 31.3%; Old Forge School District - 41.7%; Riverside School District - 43.4%; Scranton School District - 63.7%; and Valley View School District - 29.4%.
- Birth rate
According to the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Lackawanna County's live birth rate was 2,664 births in 1990. The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 2,148 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 2,200 babies. Over the past 50 years (1960 to 2010), rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.
Marcellus shale impact fee
Act 13 of 2012, which levied a Marcellus Shale Impact Fee, was signed into law by Governor Tom Corbett on February 14, 2012. The bill provides for the imposition of an unconventional well fee by county (or alternatively municipalities compelling the imposition of an unconventional well fee). A county may impose the fee if unconventional gas wells are located within its borders and it passes an ordinance within 60 days of the effective date of Act 13. A county that did not pass an ordinance imposing a fee is prohibited from receiving funds. This prohibition remains in effect until a county passes an ordinance imposing a fee. In 2014, Lacakawanna County received an impact fee disbursement of $205,082.23 even though there are no wells in the County. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014.
- 2013 - 1 shale well, impact fee revenues to Lackawanna County - $211,525.71
- Montage Mountain Ski Area
- Lackawanna State Park
- Archbald Pothole State Park
- Pinchot Trail System
- PNC Field Merli-Sarnoski Park
- Nay Aug Park
- McDade Park
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lackawanna County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|21||Big Bass Lake (partially in Wayne County)||CDP||1,270|
Images for kids
Statue of George Washington (dedicated July 4, 1893) at Lackawanna County Courthouse
Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.