Midlothian facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
  • Midlothian
  • Midlowden
  • Meadhan Lodainn
Location
Midlothian in Scotland.svg
Geography
Area Ranked
 - Total
 - % Water {{{Water}}}
Admin HQ Dalkeith
ISO 3166-2 GB-MLN
ONS code S12000019
Demographics
Population Ranked
 - Total (2006)
 - Density
Politics
Midlothian Council
Control  
MPs * Owen Thompson, SNP
MSPs * Colin Beattie, SNP
  • Christine Grahame, SNP
Scotland

Midlothian, Scotland (/mɪdˈlðiən/; Scots: Midlowden, Scottish Gaelic: Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, UK. It borders Edinburgh, East Lothian and the Scottish Borders council areas.

Midlothian was also the name of a historic county formed in the Middle Ages. The county included Edinburgh and was formerly known as Edinburghshire, or more formally as the County of Edinburgh, until 1890. The historic county remains a lieutenancy area and a registration county for which purposes Edinburgh is included.

Midlothian Council area was created in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the boundaries of the Midlothian district of the Lothian region. The district had been created in 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, and it consisted of the local government county of Midlothian, minus the burgh of Musselburgh – with the areas of Inveresk, Wallyford and Whitecraig being lost to East Lothian, the Calders (East Calder, Midcalder and West Calder) and the Midlothian part of Livingston to West Lothian, Heriot and Stow parishes to the Ettrick and Lauderdale district of Borders Region, and Currie, Balerno, Ratho and Newbridge to Edinburgh.

Constituencies

There is a Midlothian constituency of the House of Commons. There was a Midlothian constituency of the Scottish Parliament up to the 2011 elections when it was divided between Midlothian North and Musselburgh and Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale.

Places of interest

  • Arniston House
  • Borthwick Castle
  • Castlelaw Fort
  • Crichton Castle
  • Dalhousie Castle
  • Dalkeith Palace
  • Flotterstone
  • Hawthornden Castle
  • Midlothian Snowsports Centre, Hillend
  • National Mining Museum
  • Loanhead Memorial Park
  • Mavisbank House
  • Melville Castle
  • Newbattle Abbey
  • Pentland Hills
  • Roslin Castle
  • Roslin Glen Country Park
  • Rosslyn Chapel
  • Tyne-Esk Walk
  • Vogrie Country Park
  • Wallace's Cave

Towns and villages

  • Auchendinny
  • Bilston
  • Bonnyrigg
  • Borthwick
  • Cousland
  • Carrington
  • Dalkeith
  • Danderhall
  • Easthouses
  • Edgehead
  • Fala
  • Fushiebridge
  • Gorebridge
  • Gowkshill
  • Hillend
  • Howgate
  • Lasswade
  • Leadburn
  • Loanhead
  • Mayfield
  • Millerhill
  • Milton Bridge
  • Newbattle
  • Newtongrange
  • Nine Mile Burn
  • North Middleton
  • Pathhead
  • Penicuik
  • Rosewell
  • Roslin
  • Shawfair
  • Silverburn
  • Temple

Civil Parishes in the County of Midlothian

(Unitary authority indicated where not Midlothian. Boundaries defined by Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973)

EDINBURGHSHIRE or MIDLOTHIAN Civil Parish map a
Midlothian or Edinburghshire Civil Parish map c.1854. Boundaries outlined in red
Modern & Historic Midlothian
Map contrasting the area comprising Midlothian council (dark blue) within the historic county of Midlothian (light blue).
  • Borthwick
  • Carrington
  • Cockpen
  • Cranston
  • Crichton
  • Currie (Edinburgh)
  • Dalkeith
  • Fala and Soutra
  • Glencorse
  • Heriot (Scottish Borders)
  • Inveresk (East Lothian)
  • Kirkliston (Edinburgh)
  • Kirknewton (West Lothian)
  • Lasswade
  • Mid Calder (West Lothian)
  • Newbattle
  • Newton
  • Penicuik
  • Ratho (Edinburgh)
  • Stow (Scottish Borders)
  • Temple
  • West Calder (West Lothian)

Former civil parishes outside Edinburgh now merged in the City of Edinburgh

Abolished 1902:

  • Duddingston

Abolished 1920

The above list does not include parishes which have been within the City of Edinburgh for county purposes since 19th century, namely within the "County of the City" of which the Lord Provost was and is Lord Lieutenant.

Twin towns and sister cities

Midlothian is twinned with Komárom-Esztergom in Hungary and Kreis Heinsberg in Germany. It is a sister city with Midlothian, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.

Famous battle

The Battle of Roslin was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence, taking place on 24 February 1303 at Roslin, Midlothian. A Scottish army led by Simon Fraser and John Comyn defeated the English. The English force was raised in Northumberland and was tasked with intervening in support of the occupation forces of Edward I. The much smaller Scottish force rode through the night from Biggar, intercepted them and defeated them in two, possibly three, sharp fights. The site of the battle has been said to be the field opposite the old and new burial grounds. Members of the Comyn, Fraser and possibly Sinclair families fought at the Battle of Roslin.


Midlothian Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.