9th century facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 8th century · 9th century · 10th century
Decades: 800s 810s 820s 830s 840s
850s 860s 870s 880s 890s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments


The 9th century is the century from 801 to 900.

Events

East-Hem 800ad
Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 9th century.
East-Hem 900ad
Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 9th century.
  • An unknown event causes the decline of the Maya Classical Era.
  • Beowulf might have been written down in this century. It could also have been in the 8th century.
  • Reign of Charlemagne, and the Carolingian Renaissance in Western Europe.
  • Large-scale Viking attacks on Europe begin.
  • Oseberg ship burial.
  • The Magyars begin their conquest of Pannonia.
  • The Tukolor settle in the Senegal river valley.
  • Muslim traders settle in the northwest and southeast of Madagascar.
  • 800: Charlemagne is crowned emperor of Rome by Pope Leo III.
  • 800: Arab fleet sails up the Tiber.
  • 800909: Rule of Aghlabids as an independent Muslim dynasty in North Africa, with their capital at Tunis.
  • 802: Jayavarman II of the Khmer people in Cambodia founds the Khmer empire and make the Angkorian dynasty.
  • 803: Construction on the Leshan Giant Buddha in Tang Dynasty China is complete, after 90 years of rock-carving on a massive cliff-side.
  • 805 - 820: Tang Dynasty was under the rule of Emperor Xianzong of Tang.
  • 809 – 815: War between the Byzantine empire and Bulgaria.
  • 811: Battle of Pliska fought between a Byzantine force led by emperor Nicephorus I and a Bulgarian army commanded by Khan Krum. Byzantines are defeated in a series of engagements, ending with the death of Nicephorus I.
  • 813: In Battle of Versinikia the Byzantines are heavily defeated by the Bulgarians.
  • 813: China was reunited.
  • c. 813 – c. 915: Period of serious Arab naval raids on shores of Tyrrhenian and Adriatic seas.
  • 814: Charlemagne dies at Aachen.
  • 815: The 30-year Treaty of 815 between Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire end the battles between the two countries.
  • 824: Han Yu died.
  • 827 – 902: Aghlabid dynasty colonises emirates in Sicily and then raids Southern Italy.
  • 830: House of Wisdom, a library and translation institute, made by al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph, in Baghdad to transfer the knowledge of Greeks, Persians, Indians, etc. to Muslim world. Also The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing which is one of the book of algebra is written by Al-Khwarizmi who worked there.
  • 835: Ganlu Incident.
  • 840: Death of Louis the Pious.
  • 841: Dublin is founded on the east coast of Ireland by the Vikings.
  • 843: The three sons of Louis the Pious reach an agreement known as the Treaty of Verdun. They split the Carolingian empire into three divisions; East Francia was given to Louis the German, West Francia to Charles the Bald and Middle Francia to Lothair I.
  • 845: Buddhism is banned in China.
  • 846 - 859: Emperor Xuānzong of Tang ruled. He was considered the last capable emperor of Tang Dynasty.
  • 848 – 852: The west bank of the Tiber is added into the city of Rome. A defensive wall, commissioned by Pope Leo IV, is built around what came to be called the Leonine City.
  • 850 – 875: The first Norse settlers arrive on Iceland.
  • 851: The Arab merchant Suleiman al-Tajir visits the Chinese seaport at Guangzhou in southern China. He sees the making of porcelain, the Islamic mosque built at Guangzhou, the granary system of the city, and how its municipal administration worked.
  • 859: Muslims make the University of Al Karaouine as a madrasa in Fez, Morocco.
  • 862: The beginning of the Rurik Dynasty in Russia
  • 863: The Chinese author Duan Chengshi describes the slave trade, ivory trade, and ambergris trade of Somalia in East Africa.
  • 862: The Bagratuni Dynasty of Medieval Armenia begins with Ashot I
  • 863 – 879: Period of split between eastern and western churches.
  • 864: Christianization of Bulgaria under Boris I
  • 867: Onward Revival of the Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 868: Ahmad ibn Tulun breaks away from the Abbasid Caliphate and establishes the independent Tulunid dynasty.
  • 869: An earthquake and tsunami struck Japan's Sanriku coast, killing 1,000 people.
  • 870: Prague Castle founded.
  • 871899: Reign of Alfred the Great.
  • 875 – 884: Huang Chao leads an unsuccessful rebellion against the Tang Dynasty in China.
  • 878: Battle of Ethandun ends in the victory of Alfred the Great over the Danish warlord Guthrum.
  • 885: Arrival of the disciples of SS. Cyril and Methodius, Clement of Ohrid and Naum of Preslav in Bulgaria. Development of the Cyrillic Alphabet.
  • 893: Council of Preslav - Vladimir-Rasate is dethroned and succeeded as Prince of Bulgaria by Simeon I. The capital is moved from Pliska to Preslav. The Byzantine clergy is made to leave and replaced by Bulgarian. Old Bulgarian becomes the official language of the country.
  • 895/896: The year of the Magyars arrival in Pannonia. This year is widely accepted as the beginning of the Hungarian "Landtaking"
  • Late 9th century: Bulgaria goes from the mouth of the Danube to Epirus and Bosnia.
  • In Italy, some cities became free republics: for instance Forlì, in 889.
  • The Christian Nubian kingdom reaches its peak of prosperity and military power.
  • Harald Fairhair wins the battle of Hafrsfjord. Norway was made into one kingdom.
  • Chess reaches Japan.
  • The Medieval Warm Period begins.
  • The Coptic period, at its most broad definition, ends.
  • Page from Koran (Surah II:286 and title Surah III) in kufic script, from Syria, is made. It is now kept at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • Late 9th century – Pallava dynasty ends in Southern India.
  • Late 9th century - Womb World mandala, To-ji, Kyoto, is made. Heian period.
  • 9th – 10th century – Bowl with kufic border, from Samarkand, Uzbekistan, is made. It is now kept at Musée du Louvre, Paris.
  • Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Kavi script, inscribed in Luzon, Philippines, dated Saka year 822 (900)

Significant people

Karl der Grosse - Pippin der Bucklige
Charlemagne (left) and Pippin the Hunchback. 10th-century copy of a lost original from about 830.
Climent of Ohrid
Saint Clement of Ohrid

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

  • First image of a rotary grindstone in a European source. Drawing shows crank, first known use of a crank in the West (Utrecht Psalter, 843)
  • First known printed book, the Diamond Sutra, printed in China using woodblock printing in 868 AD.
  • Invention of gunpowder by Chinese Taoist Alchemists.
  • Vulgar Latin begins to develop into various Romance languages.
  • Two syllabaries or kana are made from simplified Chinese characters in Japan.

Decades and years

Note: years before or after the 9th century are in italics.

790s 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799
800s 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809
810s 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819
820s 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829
830s 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839
840s 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849
850s 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859
860s 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869
870s 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879
880s 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889
890s 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899
900s 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909

Related pages


9th century Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.