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Cass County, Missouri facts for kids

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Cass County
County courthouse in Harrisonville
County courthouse in Harrisonville
Cass County, Missouri flag.png
Map of Missouri highlighting Cass County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Missouri
Founded March 3, 1835
Named for Lewis Cass
Seat Harrisonville
 • Total 702 sq mi (1,820 km2)
 • Land 697 sq mi (1,810 km2)
 • Water 5.7 sq mi (15 km2)  0.8%
 • Total 107,824
 • Density 153.60/sq mi (59.30/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th

Cass County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Missouri and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the population was 107,824. Its county seat is Harrisonville, however the county contains a portion of Kansas City, Missouri. The county was organized in 1835 as Van Buren County, but was renamed in 1849 after U.S. Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan, who later became a presidential candidate.


The Harrisonville area was originally inhabited by the Dhegihan Native American subgroup. The Osage, Quapaw, Omaha, Ponca and Kansa tribes make up this Siouan linguistic group. The Kansa tribal range extended southward from the Kansas-Missouri River junction as far as the northern edge of Bates County, Missouri, taking in the sites of modern Pleasant Hill, Garden City, Archie and Drexel. On their southeastern border they were neighbors of the Osage, although there is no evidence that either of these tribes ever had a truly permanent settlement in the territory of Cass County.

Early camp meetings southwest of Harrisonville often had as many as 500 Indians in attendance, as they seemed to enjoy the religious services as much as the white settlers. These visitors were reported to be Shawnee and Delaware, both speaking related Algonquian languages.

In 1818 a grant of land in southern Missouri was made to some Delawares, but it was receded by them in 1825, and most of them moved to a reservation in Kansas, while others had previously gone to Texas. Those who remained in the Harrisonville area were close relatives of the Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo tribes.

The first American settler on the site of modern Harrisonville was James Lackey in 1830. Other early settlers were Humphrey Hunt, John Blythe and Dr. Joseph Hudspeth. Lackey was considered a "squatter," as he built a cabin and enclosed a small field on the tract of public land taken for county seat purposes.

The site of the town was fixed under an act of the Missouri General Assembly in 1835, by David Waldo of Lafayette County and Samual Hink and William Brown, both of Jackson County. In the same year, the first court met for the county, known as Van Buren County. The Justices James McClellan and William Savage met in McClellan's residence about three miles (5 km) southeast of Peculiar on September 14, 1835. William Lyon was appointed clerk of the court and county government was organized, including the establishment of Grand River Township.

In the spring of 1837 the town of Harrisonville was located by Enoch Rice, Francis Prine and Welcome Scott, who had been appointed commissioners by the state legislature in the winter of 1836. These commissioners in company with Martin Rice, the county surveyor, met at the home of John Cook on April 3, 1837 and finally decided on Lackey's preemption claim. In May they laid off the town in lots 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the northeast and northwest quarters of Section 4, Township 44N., Range 31W. Within these 160 acres (0.65 km2) there were to be four streets: Wall and Pearl running east to west, Lexington and Independence going north and south, each less than 40 feet wide. Fleming Harris was appointed town commissioner on April 8, 1837. The first town lots were sold on June 12 of that year; those facing the public square sold at $20 each, the others at $10.

"Democrat" was strongly urged as a name for the new town but was finally rejected. Instead, the town was named after U.S. Representative Albert G. Harrison from Missouri.

On October 8, 1835, the first church in Harrisonville was organized in the county two miles southwest of town known as Hopewell or New Hope Baptist.

The first house within the town was erected by Jason L. Dickey in 1836.

The first jail in Harrisonville and second for the county was established in 1838. Its site was 312 S. Independence. One of its successors is listed among the state's historic sites.

Harrisonville eventually was served by railroad lines presently known as the Missouri Pacific and the Frisco. Railroad construction was responsible for the notorious "Gunn City Massacre," the background of which began in 1857. Cass County approved a large stock subscription for the Pacific Railroad Company. This corporation later surrendered the bonds to the new Saint Louis and Santa Fe Railroad, from whence they were still later assigned to the Land Grant Railroad & Construction Company of New York. Citizens of Cass County sought by injunction to prevent the funding of these bonds, but by legal maneuvering and collusion, a new set of bonds was issued secretly. Basically the outraged populace viewed this development as a sophisticated maneuver to benefit the holders of bonds that had become worthless by re-obligating the county to pay those same bonds. Three men who helped to perpetrate this swindle, including the county attorney and a judge of the county court, were shot and killed on April 24, 1872 while on board a Katy railroad spur between Bryson, Missouri and Paola, Kansas (in or near what is now known as Gunn City). Forty-one men were arrested and brought to trial for these killings, but there were no convictions. At the time of the shootings, a Republican newspaper, belonging to Mr. Porter J. Coston, in Harrisonville, Missouri, was burned by the same mob.

The year before the Civil War, 12 cities in Missouri had population of approximately 2,500 or more. Harrisonville ranked 37th with a population of 675. In 1863 the town was depopulated, and most of the buildings burned, the jail among them . Fort Harrisonville was a Union stronghold for a brief period in 1863 and provided protection for loyal Union families.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 702 square miles (1,820 km2), of which 697 square miles (1,810 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,693
1850 6,090 29.8%
1860 9,794 60.8%
1870 19,296 97.0%
1880 22,431 16.2%
1890 23,301 3.9%
1900 23,636 1.4%
1910 22,973 −2.8%
1920 21,536 −6.3%
1930 20,962 −2.7%
1940 19,534 −6.8%
1950 19,325 −1.1%
1960 29,702 53.7%
1970 39,748 33.8%
1980 51,029 28.4%
1990 63,808 25.0%
2000 82,092 28.7%
2010 99,478 21.2%
2020 107,824 8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

As of the census of 2000, there were 82,092 people, 30,168 households, and 22,988 families residing in the county. The population density was 117 people per square mile (45/km2). There were 31,677 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.62% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Approximately 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 30,168 households, out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,562, and the median income for a family was $55,258. Males had a median income of $39,001 versus $26,174 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,073. About 4.20% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.


According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Cass County is sometimes regarded as being on the northern edge of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Cass County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (43.71%), Roman Catholics (17.42%), and United Methodists (11.07%).




Census-designated places

Unincorporated Communities


Public schools

    • Cass County Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Archie High School (07-12)
  • Belton School District No. 124 – Belton
    • Grace Early Childhood Education Center (PK)
    • Cambridge Elementary School (K-04)
    • Scott Elementary School (K-04)
    • Hillcrest Elementary School (K-04)
    • Gladden Elementary School (K-04)
    • Kentucky Trail Elementary School (K-04)
    • Mill Creek Upper Elementary School (05-06)
    • Belton Middle School/Freshman Center (07-09)
    • Belton High School (10-12)
    • Drexel Elementary School (K-06)
    • Drexel High School (07-12)
    • East Lynne Elementary School (PK-08)
    • Early Childhood Center (PK-K)
    • Harrisonville Elementary School (01-05)
    • McEowen Elementary School (04-05)
    • Harrisonville Middle School (06-08)
    • Harrisonville High School (09-12)
    • Midway Elementary School (K-06)
    • Midway High School (07-12)
    • Pleasant Hill Primary School (PK-02)
    • Pleasant Hill Elementary School (03-04)
    • Pleasant Hill Intermediate School (05-06)
    • Pleasant Hill Middle School (07-08)
    • Pleasant Hill High School (09-12)
    • Raymore Elementary School (K-05)
    • Creekmoor Elementary School (K-05)
    • Stonegate Elementary School (K-05)
    • Timber Creek Elementary School (K-05)
    • Peculiar Elementary School (K-05)
    • Shull Early Learning Center
    • Bridle Ridge Elementary School (K-05)
    • Eagle Glen Elementary School (K-05)
    • Raymore-Peculiar East Middle School (06-08)
    • Raymore-Peculiar South Middle School (06-08)
    • Raymore-Peculiar High School (09-12)
  • Sherwood Cass R-VIII School District – Creighton
    • Sherwood Elementary School (K-05)
    • Sherwood Middle School (06-08)
    • Sherwood High School (09-12)
    • Strasburg Elementary School (K-08)

Private schools

Public libraries

  • Cass County Public Library

Notable people

  • Robert C. Bell, federal judge
  • Angelica Bridges, actress, model, and singer
  • Delmer Brown, Japanologist* Emmett Dalton, of the bank-robbing Dalton Gang
  • Carson Coffman, AFL player
  • Chase Coffman, NFL tight end
  • Paul Coffman, NFL player* Tyler Farr, Country music singer-songwriter
  • Brutus Hamilton, decathlete and track and field coach
  • Ben Hardaway, storyboard artist, animator, voice actor, gagman, writer, and director during the Golden Age of American animation
  • Vicky Hartzler, U.S. Representative from Missouri (2011-present)
  • Kevin Hern, U.S. Representative from Oklahoma (2018-present)
  • Ewing Kauffman, businessman who founded Marion Laboratories and was the first owner of the Kansas City Royals
  • Chris Koster, 41st Attorney General of Missouri (2009-2017)
  • Tammy Faye Messner, televangelist
  • Carrie Nation, leader of temperance movement
  • Tate Stevens, 2012 winner of The X Factor
  • Oad Swigart, professional baseball player
  • Glenn Wright, professional baseball player

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Cass (Misuri) para niños

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