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― Designated cities
― Core cities
― Special cities

A {{Nihongo|'city designated by government ordinance, also known as a designated city'government ordinance city, is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000 and has been designated as such by order of the Cabinet of Japan

Overview

Designated cities are delegated many of the functions normally performed by prefectural governments in fields such as public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning. The city government is generally delegated the various minor administrative functions in each area, and the prefecture government retains authority over major decisions. For instance, pharmaceutical retailers and small clinics can be licensed by designated city governments, but pharmacies and hospitals are licensed by prefectural governments.

List of designated cities

Cities designated by government ordinance have been established since 1956.

Name Japanese Population (2010) Date of designation Region Prefecture No. of wards Divisions
Chiba 千葉市 962,130 1992-04-01 Kantō Chiba 06 List
Fukuoka 福岡市 1,483,052 1972-04-01 Kyushu Fukuoka 07 List
Hamamatsu 浜松市 800,912 2007-04-01 Chūbu Shizuoka 07 List
Hiroshima 広島市 1,174,209 1980-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima 08 List
Kawasaki 川崎市 1,425,678 1972-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa 07 List
Kitakyushu 北九州市 977,288 1963-04-01 Kyushu Fukuoka 07 List
Kobe 神戸市 1,544,873 1956-09-01 Kansai Hyōgo 09 List
Kumamoto 熊本市 731,286 2012-04-01 Kyushu Kumamoto 05 List
Kyoto 京都市 1,474,473 1956-09-01 Kansai Kyoto 11 List
Nagoya 名古屋市 2,263,907 1956-09-01 Chūbu Aichi 16 List
Niigata 新潟市 812,192 2007-04-01 Chūbu Niigata 08 List
Okayama 岡山市 709,622 2009-04-01 Chūgoku Okayama 04 List
Osaka 大阪市 2,666,371 1956-09-01 Kansai Osaka 24 List
Sagamihara 相模原市 717,561 2010-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa 03 List
Saitama さいたま市 1,222,910 2003-04-01 Kantō Saitama 10 List
Sakai 堺市 842,134 2006-04-01 Kansai Osaka 07 List
Sapporo 札幌市 1,914,434 1972-04-01 Hokkaido Hokkaido 10 List
Sendai 仙台市 1,045,903 1989-04-01 Tōhoku Miyagi 05 List
Shizuoka 静岡市 716,328 2005-04-01 Chūbu Shizuoka 03 List
Yokohama 横浜市 3,689,603 1956-09-01 Kantō Kanagawa 18 List

Designated city requirements

To become a candidate for designated city status, a city must have a population greater than 500,000. An application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and the prefectural assemblies.

During the ensuing Japanese economic growth period, the government required designated cities to be forecast to reach a population of 1 million within the near future, but the requirement was dropped in 2005.

History

The first form of the designated city system was enacted under Japan local government system in 1878 with the introduction of "wards." Under that system, wards existed in every city. The municipal system enacted in 1889 replaced ward assemblies with city assemblies.

Related pages

Administrative divisions of Japan
National

Sub-national
Local

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