Irving Berlin facts for kids
|Birth name||Israel Isidore Baline (Beilin)|
|Born||May 11, 1888
probably Mogilev, Russia (now Belarus)
|Died||September 22, 1989 (aged 101)
New York City, New York, United States
|Genres||Broadway musicals, revues, show tunes|
|Occupations||Songwriter, composer, lyricist|
|Years active||1907 – 1962|
Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin; May 11, 1888 – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history. His music forms a great part of the Great American Songbook. Born in Imperial Russia, Berlin arrived in the United States at the age of five. He published his first song, "Marie from Sunny Italy", in 1907, receiving 33 cents for the publishing rights, and had his first major international hit, "Alexander's Ragtime Band" in 1911. He also was an owner of the Music Box Theatre on Broadway.
"Alexander's Ragtime Band" sparked an international dance craze in places as far away as Berlin's native Russia, which also "flung itself into the ragtime beat with an abandon bordering on mania." Over the years he was known for writing music and lyrics in the American vernacular: uncomplicated, simple and direct, with his stated aim being to "reach the heart of the average American," whom he saw as the "real soul of the country." In doing so, said Walter Cronkite, at Berlin's 100th birthday tribute, he "helped write the story of this country, capturing the best of who we are and the dreams that shape our lives."
He wrote hundreds of songs, many becoming major hits, which made him a legend before he turned thirty. During his 60-year career he wrote an estimated 1,500 songs, including the scores for 20 original Broadway shows and 15 original Hollywood films, with his songs nominated eight times for Academy Awards. Many songs became popular themes and anthems, including "Easter Parade", "White Christmas", "Happy Holiday", "Anything You Can Do (I Can Do Better)", and "There's No Business Like Show Business". His Broadway musical and 1943 film, This is the Army, with Ronald Reagan, had Kate Smith singing Berlin's "God Bless America" which was first performed in 1938.
Berlin's songs have reached the top of the charts 25 times and have been extensively re-recorded by numerous singers. Composer Douglas Moore sets Berlin apart from all other contemporary songwriters, as a "great American minstrel"—someone who has "caught and immortalized in his songs what we say, what we think about, and what we believe." Composer George Gershwin called him "the greatest songwriter that has ever lived", and composer Jerome Kern concluded that "Irving Berlin has no place in American music — he is American music."
After his death, Irving Berlin’s three daughters donated the songwriter’s musical collection of 750,000 items to the music archives of the Library of Congress.
On the evening following the announcement of his death, the marquee lights of Broadway playhouses were dimmed before curtain time in his memory. President George H. W. Bush said Mr. Berlin was "a legendary man whose words and music will help define the history of our nation." Just minutes before the President's statement was released, he joined a crowd of thousands to sing Berlin's "God Bless America" at a luncheon in Boston. Former President Ronald Reagan, who costarred in Berlin's 1943 musical This Is the Army, said, "Nancy and I are deeply saddened by the death of a wonderfully talented man whose musical genius delighted and stirred millions and will live on forever."
Awards and honors
- Won a Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1943 for "White Christmas" in "Holiday Inn".
- Received the Army's Medal of Merit on October 2, 1945 from General George C. Marshall, at the direction of President Harry S. Truman, in appreciation for writing the music and lyrics to "This Is the Army."
- Won a Tony Award in 1951 for Best Score for the musical Call Me Madam.
- Received a special Congressional Gold Medal in 1954 from President Dwight D. Eisenhower for contributing many patriotic songs, including "God Bless America."
- Won a Special Tony Award (New York City) in 1963 for his contributions to the American musical.
- Awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1968.
- Was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.
- Was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 by President Gerald Ford
- Won a Lawrence Langner Tony Award (New York City) in 1978 for his distinguished life in the American theater.
- Awarded (in absentia,) a Medal of Liberty during centennial celebrations for the Statue of Liberty in 1986.
- His 100th-birthday celebration concert for the benefit of Carnegie Hall and ASCAP on May 11, 1988.
- Inducted into the Jewish-American Hall of Fame in 1988.
- Awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on February 1, 1994.
- Received induction into the American Theater Hall of Fame.
The following list includes scores mostly produced by Berlin. Although some of the plays using his songs were later adapted to films, the list will not include the film unless he was the primary composer.
*Denotes films originally written for the stage
Images for kids
With Al Jolson (r), star of The Jazz Singer, c. 1927
Irving Berlin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.