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People's Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Capital Beijing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest city Shanghai
Official languages Standard Chinese
Recognised regional languages
Official written language
Vernacular Chinese
Official script
Simplified Chinese
Ethnic groups
  • 91.51% Han
Demonym(s) Chinese
Government Socialist, Single-party state
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
• Congress Chairman
Zhang Dejiang
Legislature National People's Congress
Formation
• First Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi) (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
0.28%
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,403,500,365 (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852 (1st)
• Density
2,013 :[convert: unknown unit] (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$27.449 trillion (1st)
• Per capita
$19,559 (79th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$15.543 trillion (IMF)
$15.224 trillion (China NBS) (2nd)
• Per capita
$11,074 (70th)
Gini (2015) 46.2
high
HDI (2017) Increase 0.752
high · 86th
Currency Renminbi (yuan)(¥) (CNY)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving side right
Calling code +86
ISO 3166 code CN
Internet TLD
  • .cn
  • .中國
  • .中国
Malayo-Polynesian
Chinaimg.png
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
See also: People's Republic of China and Republic of China

China (simplified Chinese: 中国; traditional Chinese: 中國; Pinyin: Zhōngguó) is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and a nation in East Asia.

The last Chinese Civil War (1927–1949) resulted in two different political powers today:

China is one of the world's oldest civilizations: it has the oldest continuous civilization. There is archaeological evidence over 5,000 years old. China also has one of the world's oldest writing systems (and the oldest in use today). China has been the source of many major inventions.

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