kids encyclopedia robot

Newton Heath facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Newton Heath
Newton Heath 817.jpg
A view over Newton Heath
OS grid reference SD878004
• London 163 mi (262 km) SSE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M10/M40
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
  • Manchester Central
List of places
UK
England
Greater ManchesterCoordinates: 53°30′00″N 2°11′00″W / 53.4999°N 2.1833°W / 53.4999; -2.1833

Newton Heath is an area of the city of Manchester, England. It is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) east north east of Manchester city centre and has a population of 9,883.

Historically a part of Lancashire, Newton Heath was formerly a farming area, but adopted the factory system following the Industrial Revolution. The principal industry in the area was engineering, although many were employed in the mining and textiles industries in the thriving areas of Clayton Vale and Bradford.

Newton Heath takes its name from Old English and means the 'new town on the heath'. The heath in question formerly stretched from Miles Platting to Failsworth, and is bounded by brooks and rivers on all four sides — the River Medlock, Moston Brook, Newton Brook and Shooters Brook.

Manchester United F.C. has strong links with the area, having been formed from the Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club.

History

All Saints' Church, Newton Heath, Manchester, England
All Saints' Church

French Huguenots settled in the area in the 16th century to avoid continental persecution, and brought cotton and linen weaving and bleaching skills with them. The arrival of textile mills saw Newton Heath's cottage industry change forever into a fully mechanised mass production system – in 1825 Newton Silk Mill (which exists to this day) was built and the Monsall Silk Dye Works followed soon afterwards.

The Rochdale Canal made movement of raw materials and finished products a practical reality. Later came other industries, including a soap works, Elijah Dixon's match manufacturing factory, and rope works as well as engineering and glass making works. Many small back-to-back low cost houses were built to house the new migrant work force. Thus was Newton changed irrevocably from a farming area into an industrial one.

The 18th century saw Oldham Road (A62) turnpiked and a toll bar installed at Lambs Lane; this road still forms the main artery through the district. With the Industrial Revolution, by the beginning of the 19th century the Rochdale Canal had been constructed and this brought industry and creeping urbanisation to the district. During the 19th century the local population increased nearly 20 fold.

From 10 February 1883 until the slum clearances of the 1970s there was a Salvation Army corps on Thorp Road.

Industrial history

Newton Heath was home to a number of famous companies such as Mather & Platt, who established a vast engineering works producing pumps, electrical machinery and fire sprinkler systems. The aircraft manufacturer Avro was also based in Newton Heath before relocating to sites at Chadderton and Woodford. Another local engineering company was Heenan & Froude, who designed and manufactured the structural steelwork for Blackpool Tower.

The Wilson's & Co brewery on Monsall Road was founded in 1834. The company merged with rival brewer Walker & Homfrays in 1949. Wilson's and its estate of tied houses were acquired by Watney Mann in 1960. The Wilson's brewery closed in 1987 when production was moved to Halifax.

Manchester United

The parish was the birthplace of the Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club which was established in 1878 and later became Manchester United. It began life as a football team formed by Frederick Attock a Liverpudlian, who was a superintendent engineer of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR). The team played on a pitch at North Road, and were initially outfitted in green and gold jerseys. By 1892, they had been admitted to the Football League. The club remained in the area until 1893, when it moved to new premises at Bank Street in nearby Clayton. The name was changed to Manchester United Football Club in 1902.

Newton Heath FC's biggest successes were its election to the First Division on its expansion in 1892 and winning the Lancashire Cup in 1898.

FC United of Manchester

Ten Acres Lane was the proposed site of a new five thousand capacity stadium for F.C. United of Manchester which the club intended to move into in time for the start of the 2012–13 season.

Manchester City Council gave planning permission for the stadium on 25 November 2010. However, due to local government funding cuts, the project was halted at the planning stage. Manchester City Council were forced to review their offer and the existing Ten Acres Lane site is now to be developed for other purposes. F.C. United instead moved into a partnership arrangement with Moston Juniors Football Club, building a new stadium, Broadhurst Park in nearby Moston in 2015.

Geography

Newton Heath is an urban area and is surrounded by Monsall, Moston, Failsworth, Miles Platting, Bradford and Ancoats. It lies along the south as the A62 (Oldham Road), the main road between Oldham and Manchester city centre.

The district of Clayton also neighbours Newton Heath. The area between the two districts is called Clayton Vale; although it was a former centre of industry, the land has since become a rural wilderness.

Landmarks

Two prominent landmarks are Philips Park and cemetery and Brookdale Park. Brookdale Park was formed in 1904 and spans over 44 acres (18 hectares). The park has two bowling greens, tennis courts, and a children's play centre. Philips Park was opened on 22 August 1846 at a cost of £6,200 and was the first public park opened in Manchester. The park, covering 31 acres (12 hectares), was named after Mark Philips MP who was committed to creating parks for the use of the working people of the city.

All Saints church is the oldest remaining structure in the area and can trace its history back to 1556.

Culcheth Hall, which stood alongside the River Medlock in Newton, was owned by the Byron family (of which the poet Lord Byron was a member). Other great houses once lay within the district, including Clayton Hall (owned by the Greaves family), Whitworth Hall and Hulme Hall.

Transport

Railways arrived in Newton Heath during the 1840s and the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) laid two main lines across the district. Steam locomotive repair sheds were opened in 1877 at the Newton Heath Motive Power Depot (now Traction Maintenance Depot), coded 26A by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. These grew to become a major local employer which, by the 1860s, had been expanded to a 40 acre (16 hectare) site with over 2,000 workers.

Both Newton Heath (closed on 3 January 1966) and Park railway stations (closed on 27 May 1995) were deemed by British Rail to be surplus to requirements following the decline of the local engineering industry.

Newton Heath is served by Newton Heath and Moston Metrolink station. It is located adjacent to the Newton Heath depot, which maintains diesel unit trains for Northern. Metrolink trams have served the area since 2012 using the Manchester-bound platform of the previous Dean Lane railway station. The line was converted from heavy rail to light rail operation as part of the Metrolink expansion project. A £35.6 million Metrolink station was built in 2005 at Central Park south of Newton Heath in anticipation of the network extension, but the project was cancelled by the Government due to funding problems until confirmation of the Metrolink conversion in 2007.

The majority of bus routes are operated by stagecoach manchester. Buses from the city centre include 74, 76, 76A. Bus route 77 offers two early morning journeys from Moston via Newton heath. Bus route 52 from eccles interchange also passes by Newton heath. Other bus routes include 151 171 and 396

Religious sites

Church Religion/Denomination Leader Location Reference
Christ the King Roman Catholic Fr. Alan Denneny, RD 53°29′41″N 2°10′32″W / 53.494726°N 2.175421°W / 53.494726; -2.175421
All Saints Church of England Reverend Kenneth Gabbadon 53°30′00″N 2°10′39″W / 53.500109°N 2.177575°W / 53.500109; -2.177575
Heathfield Evangelical  ??? 53°30′03″N 2°10′53″W / 53.500770°N 2.181289°W / 53.500770; -2.181289
Culcheth Lane Evangelical  ??? 53°29′57″N 2°10′37″W / 53.499063°N 2.176947°W / 53.499063; -2.176947
Culcheth Methodist  ??? 53°29′57″N 2°10′23″W / 53.499238°N 2.173188°W / 53.499238; -2.173188
Ebenezer Old Baptist Union  ??? 53°30′13″N 2°10′35″W / 53.503491°N 2.176451°W / 53.503491; -2.176451  ???
Strongtower Redeemed Christian Church of God Senior Pastor Yomi Obadimeji 53°30′07″N 2°11′26″W / 53.501972°N 2.190660°W / 53.501972; -2.190660

Cultural references

In 1942, L. S. Lowry painted a picture of workers walking to the Mather & Platt's stainless steel foundry entitled Going to Work. Commissioned the War Artists Advisory Committee, the picture is now owned by the Imperial War Museum.

kids search engine
Newton Heath Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.