North Florida facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
North Florida
Region
Top left to right: Florida State Capitol in Tallahassee, Downtown Jacksonville,  Flagler College, Tallahassee  skyline Bottom left to right: Silver Springs Nature Theme Park, and Big Lagoon State Park
Top left to right: Florida State Capitol in Tallahassee, Downtown Jacksonville,
Flagler College, Tallahassee skyline
Bottom left to right: Silver Springs Nature Theme Park, and Big Lagoon State Park
North Florida map.png
Country  United States
State  Florida
Largest city Flag of Jacksonville, Florida.svg Jacksonville
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,753,144 (approximate area)

North Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the northern parts of the state. It is one of Florida's three most common "directional" regions, along with South Florida and Central Florida. It includes Jacksonville and nearby localities in Northeast Florida, an interior region known as North Central Florida, and the Florida Panhandle.

Description

Area

As with many vernacular regions, North Florida does not have any officially designated boundaries or status, and is defined differently in different sources. A 2007 study of Florida's regions by geographers Ary Lamme and Raymond K. Oldakowski found that Floridians surveyed identified "North Florida" as comprising the northernmost areas of the state, including both the peninsula and the Florida Panhandle. Additionally, two localized "directional" regions had emerged: North East Florida, representing the area around Jacksonville on the Atlantic coast, and North Central Florida, comprising the central area. North Florida is one of Florida's three most common directional regions, along with Central Florida and South Florida. The region includes smaller vernacular regions, particularly along the coast, including the Emerald Coast and the Big Bend on the Gulf Coast and the First Coast and Halifax area on the Atlantic. Lamme and Oldakowski note that the directional region is more commonly used in the interior areas than on the coast.

Enterprise Florida, the state's economic development agency, divides the state into three economic regions, used within the agency and other state and outside entities, including the Florida Department of Transportation. They identify three regions within the area identified as "North Florida" by Enterprise Florida: Northeast Florida, North Central Florida, and Northwest Florida (representing most of the Panhandle).

Culture and attributes

Lamme and Oldakowski's survey identifies several demographic, political, and cultural elements that characterize North Florida and distinguish it from other areas of the state. North Floridians considered their area to be part the South and "Dixie"; while Floridians from all parts of the state considered their area part of the South, people in more southern areas typically did not identify with Dixie. Additionally, residents of some parts of North Florida considered their area to be in the Bible Belt, while residents of other parts of the state did not.

Politically, in contrast to Central Florida, where a majority considered their part of the state moderate, and South Florida, which was more liberal, residents of North Florida overwhelmingly (76%) considered their part of the state conservative; 16% considered it moderate and 8% considered it liberal. Lamme and Oldakowski's findings track with Barney Warf and Cynthia Waddell's studies of Florida's political geography during the 2000 Presidential election.

Lamme and Oldakowski's survey also found some cultural indicators that characterize North Florida. In general, North Florida was similar to Central Florida and differed from South Florida in these measures. In North and Central Florida, American cuisine was the most popular food, in contrast to South Florida, where ethnic foods were equally popular. Additionally, while there was little geographical variation for most styles of music, there was regional variation for both country and Latin music. Country was popular in North and Central Florida, and less so in South Florida, while Latin was less popular in North and Central Florida, and more so in South Florida.

Climate

Average High and Low temperatures for various North Florida Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Jacksonville 65/42 68/45 74/50 79/55 86/63 90/70 92/73 91/73 87/69 80/61 74/51 67/44
Pensacola 61/43 64/46 70/51 76/58 84/66 89/72 90/74 90/74 87/70 80/60 70/50 63/45
Tallahassee 64/39 68/42 74/47 80/52 87/62 91/70 92/72 92/72 89/68 82/57 73/48 66/41

Cities

Jacksonville, the most populous city proper in the Southeast, and twelfth most populous in the United States.
St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement and port in the continental United States.

Jacksonville is the largest metropolitan area in North Florida. Its cities include St. Augustine, Orange Park, and Fernandina Beach, this area is sometimes referred to as the First Coast. Other metropolitan areas include Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, Tallahassee, Ocala, Gainesville, Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, Panama City-Lynn Haven, and Palm Coast. Important cities considered micropolitan areas include Lake City and Palatka.

Regions

The following regions are entirely or partly within Northern Florida:

Metropolitan areas:

  • Jacksonville
  • Pensacola
  • Tallahassee
  • Ocala
  • Gainesville
  • Fort Walton Beach
  • Panama City
  • Palm Coast

Parks and other protected areas

National Monuments and other federally protected areas

Other areas under federal protection include Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Fort Matanzas National Monument, Fort Caroline National Memorial, Gulf Islands National Seashore, and Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve. National forests occupy large sections of North Florida, including the Apalachicola National Forest, Choctawhatchee National Forest, Ocala National Forest, and Osceola National Forest.

Other parks and protected areas

  • Waccasassa Bay Preserve State Park
  • Paynes Prairie
  • Torreya State Park
  • Yellow River Marsh
  • George Crady Bridge Fishing Pier State Park
  • San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park
  • Faver-Dykes State Park
  • O'Leno State Park
  • Dunns Creek
  • Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park
  • Cedar Key Scrub State Reserve
  • Silver Springs State Park
  • Econfina River State Park
  • River Rise Preserve State Park
  • Tarkiln Bayou
  • Bald Point State Park
  • Pumpkin Hill Creek Preserve State Park
  • St. Marks River State Park
  • Ichetucknee Springs State Park
  • Grayton Beach State Park
  • Ochlockonee River State Park
  • Fred Gannon Rocky Bayou State Park
  • Orman House
  • John Gorrie State Museum
  • Dudley Farm
  • Perdido Key State Park
  • Amelia Island State Park
  • Henderson Beach State Park
  • Letchworth Mounds Archaeological State Park
  • Camp Helen State Park
  • Falling Waters State Park
  • Eden Gardens State Park
  • Gamble Rogers Memorial State Recreation Area
  • Natural Bridge Battlefield Historic State Park
  • Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Historic State Park
  • Troy Springs State Park
  • Devil's Millhopper Geological State Park
  • Ravine Gardens State Park
  • Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park
  • Fort Mose Historic State Park
  • Washington Oaks State Gardens
  • Cedar Key Museum State Park
  • San Marcos de Apalache Historic State Park
  • Gainesville-Hawthorne Trail State Park
  • Forest Capital Museum State Park
  • Constitution Convention Museum State Park
  • DeSoto Site Historic State Park
  • Madison Blue Springs State Park
  • Mike Roess Gold Head Branch State Park
  • Deer Lake State Park
  • St. George Island State Park
  • St. Joseph Peninsula State Park
  • Suwannee River State Park
  • Topsail Hill Preserve State Park
  • Anastasia State Park
  • Big Talbot Island State Park
  • Fort George Island Cultural State Park
  • Little Talbot Island State Park
  • Yellow Bluff Fort Historic State Park
  • Rainbow Springs State Park
  • Fanning Springs State Park
  • Fort Clinch State Park
  • Florida Caverns State Park
  • St. Andrews State Park
  • Alfred B. Maclay Gardens State Park
  • Stephen Foster Folk Culture Center State Park
  • Wes Skiles Peacock Springs State Park
  • Big Lagoon State Park
  • Lafayette Blue Springs State Park
  • Three Rivers State Park
  • Blackwater River State Park
  • Lake Talquin
  • Ponce de Leon Springs State Park

Transportation

Jacksonville Int'l
Jacksonville International Airport or JAX is the largest and busiest airport in North Florida

Airports

The following airports currently have regularly scheduled commercial service:

Rail

Palatka Depot01
Amtrak station in Palatka
Hemming Plaza Station
The Hemming Plaza Skyway station in downtown Jacksonville
  • Jacksonville Transportation Authority operates a monorail system known as the Skyway
  • Amtrak: Jacksonville Station and Palatka Union Depot are currently the only intercity rail stops in North Florida
    • Silver Meteor - Eastern seaboard
    • Silver Star - Eastern seaboard
    • Sunset Limited - East-west route (suspended since 2005)

Transit organizations

  • Escambia County Area Transit
  • Gainesville Regional Transit System
  • Jacksonville Transportation Authority
  • Northeast Florida Regional Transportation Commission
  • Okaloosa County Transit
  • Ride Solution
  • StarMetro

Ferries

Jacksonville Landing - Black Raven and Voyager
The Jacksonville Landing is one of several stops served by the Jacksonville Water Taxi
  • Drayton Island Ferry
  • Fort Gates Ferry
  • Jacksonville Water Taxi
  • Mayport Ferry

Roadways

Interstates:

U.S. Routes:

  • US 1.svg U.S. Route 1
  • US 17.svg U.S. Route 17
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 27.svg U.S. Route 27
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41
  • US 90.svg U.S. Route 90
  • US 98.svg U.S. Route 98
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • US 221.svg U.S. Route 221
  • US 231.svg U.S. Route 231
  • US 301.svg U.S. Route 301
  • US 319.svg U.S. Route 319
  • US 331.svg U.S. Route 331
  • US 441.svg U.S. Route 441

North Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.