1400s facts for kids

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 14th century15th century16th century
Decades: 1370s 1380s 1390s1400s1410s 1420s 1430s
Years: 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409
Categories: BirthsDeaths – Architecture
Establishments – Disestablishments

These are some important events that happened in the years from 1400 to 1410.


1400

Births

  • Luca della Robbia, Florentine sculptor
  • Owen Tudor, Welsh courtier (d. 1461)

Deaths

  • January 5 – John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English politician (executed)
  • January 5 – Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (executed)
  • January 13 – Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (executed)
  • January 16 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed)
  • February 14 – King Richard II of England (probably murdered)
  • April 28 – Baldus de Ubaldis, Italian jurist
  • June 5 – Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, rival Holy Roman Emperor
  • October 25 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet
  • December 24 – Archibald the Grim, Scottish magnate
  • Narayana Pandit, Indian mathematician

1401

  • Timur raids the city of Baghdad in the Jalayirid Empire.
  • A civil war starts in the Majapahit Empire in present-day Indonesia.

Births

Deaths

  • October 20 – Klaus Störtebeker, German pirate
  • Anabella Drummond, queen of Scotland

1402

Births

  • September 29 – Fernando, the Saint Prince of Portugal
  • Leonor of Aragon, Queen of Portugal

Deaths

  • March 26 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland
  • May 3 – João Anes, Archbishop of Lisbon
  • July 13 – Jianwen Emperor of China

1403

  • February 7 – King Henry IV of England marries Joanna of Navarre.
  • Henry 'Hotspur' Percy forms an alliance with Welsh rebel Owain Glyndŵr.
  • July 21 – Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats a rebel army led by "Hotspur" Percy. Percy is killed in the battle by an arrow in his face.
  • In China, the Ming Emperor Yongle moves the capital from Nanjing to Beijing.
  • The world's first quarantine station is built in Venice. It is to protect against the Black Death.
  • Stefan Lazarević makes Belgrade the capital of the Serbian Despotate.

Births

Deaths

  • May 10 – Katherine Swynford, widow of John of Gaunt
  • May 12 – William de Lode, English prior
  • July 23 – Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed)
  • Beyazid, Ottoman Sultan
  • Hajji Zayn al-Attar, Persian physician
  • Đurađ II Stracimirović, Serbian nobleman

1404

  • June 14 – Rebel leader Owain Glyndŵr allies with the French against the English.
  • October 17 – Pope Innocent VII succeeds Pope Boniface IX as the 204th pope.
  • November 19 – St. Elizabeth's flood ruins parts of Flanders, Zeeland and Holland.
  • Jean de Béthencourt becomes the first ruler of the Kingdom of the Canary Islands.
  • Stephan Tvrtko II succeeds Stefan Ostoja as King of Bosnia.
  • The University of Turin is founded.

Births

  • February 9 – Constantine XI, last Byzantine Emperor
  • February 18 – Leon Battista Alberti, Italian painter, poet, and philosopher
  • March 25 – (baptism) – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader
  • June – Murad II, Ottoman Sultan
  • July 25 – Philip I, Duke of Brabant
  • September 10 – Gilles de Rais, French aristocrat
  • October 14 – Marie of Anjou, queen of Charles VII of France
  • Yamana Sōzen, Japanese warlord and monk

Deaths

  • April 27 – Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
  • September 14 – Duke Albert IV of Austria
  • September 23 – Eleanor of Arborea, ruler of Sardinia
  • September 27 – William of Wykeham, English bishop and statesman
  • October 1 – Pope Boniface IX
  • October 15 – Marie Valois, French princess
  • December 13 – Albert, Count of Holland

1405

  • June 8 – Archbishop Richard le Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, were executed in York on Henry IV's orders.
  • Bath Abbey is built in England.
  • First written record of whiskey being drank is recorded in Ireland. It was distilled by Catholic monks.
  • Early feminist Christine de Pizan writes The Book of the City of Ladies.

Births

  • March 6 – King John II of Castile
  • May 6 – George Kastrioti, Albanian national hero
  • October 18 – Pope Pius II

Deaths

  • February 14 – Timur, Turco-Mongol monarch and conqueror
  • May 29 – Philippe de Mézières, advisor to Charles V of France

1406

Births

  • September 26 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician
  • Ulrich II of Celje
  • Lorenzo Valla, humanist

Deaths

  • January 6 – Roger Walden, English bishop
  • March 19 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian
  • April 4 – King Robert III of Scotland
  • May 4 – Coluccio Salutati, Chancellor of Florence
  • July 15 – Duke William of Austria
  • August 28 – John de Sutton V
  • November 1 – Joanna, Duchess of Brabant
  • November 6 – Pope Innocent VII
  • December 25 – King Henry III of Castile

1407

  • April 10 – The fifth Karmapa finally visits the Ming Dynasty capital, then at Nanjing.
  • November 23 – The Duke of Orleans is killed; war starts again between the Burgundians and his followers.
  • Rudolfo Belenzani leads a revolt against Bishop Georg von Liechtenstein in Trento, Italy.

Births

  • March 15 – Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
  • August 27 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun
  • Thomas de Littleton, English judge

Deaths

  • March 7 – Francesco I Gonzaga, ruler of Mantua
  • April 23 – Olivier de Clisson, French soldier
  • November 23 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France
  • Pero López de Ayala, Spanish soldier
  • Tokugawa Chikauji, Japanese nobleman

1408

Births

  • April 8 – Jadwiga of Lithuania, Polish princess

Deaths

  • May 31 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun
  • Pope Matthew of Alexandria
  • Elizabeth le Despenser, English noblewoman
  • John VII Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor
  • Miran Shah, son of Timur

1409

  • January 1 – The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English.
  • December 2 – The University of Leipzig opens.
  • Martin I of Aragon becomes King of Sicily.
  • Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand.
  • Venice buys the port of Zadar from Hungary.

Births

  • January 16 – René of Anjou
  • October 1 – Karl Knutsson, King of Sweden
  • Bernardo Rossellino, Florentine sculptor and architect

Deaths

  • May 13 – Jan z Tarnowa, Polish nobleman
  • May 22 – Blanche of England, sister of King Henry V
  • July 25 – King Martin I of Sicily
  • Thomas Merke, English bishop

1400s Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.