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1935 Labor Day Hurricane facts for kids

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Labor Day Hurricane of 1935
Category 5 major hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Formed August 29, 1935
Dissipated September 10, 1935
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 160 mph (260 km/h)
Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa); 26.34 inHg
Damage $6 million (1935 USD)
Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia
Part of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season
1935 Labor Day hurricane track
The hurricane's path

The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 was the strongest tropical cyclone during the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season. The second tropical cyclone, second hurricane, and second intense hurricane of the season was the most intense Atlantic hurricane that affected the United States, and it remains the first of three Category 5 hurricanes that struck the country. After forming as a weak tropical storm east of the Bahamas on August 29, it slowly proceeded westward, became a hurricane on September 1, and underwent rapid intensification prior to striking the upper Florida Keys on September 2. After landfall at its peak intensity, it continued northwest along the Florida west coast, and it weakened prior to landfall near Cedar Key on September 4.

The large and strong hurricane caused severe damage in the upper Florida Keys, and a storm surge about 18 to 20 feet affected the region. The hurricane's strong winds destroyed most of the buildings in the Islamorada area, and many World War I veteran workers were killed by the storm surge. Portions of the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railroad were severely damaged or destroyed. The hurricane also caused additional damage in northwest Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas. In total, more than 400 people were killed.

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