Cambria County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
|Cambria County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 2, 1807|
694 sq mi (1,797 km²)
688 sq mi (1,782 km²)
5.3 sq mi (14 km²), 0.8%
198/sq mi (76/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
|Named for: Latin name of Wales|
|Designated:||May 25, 1982|
Cambria County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 143,679. Its county seat is Ebensburg. The county was created on March 26, 1804, from parts of Bedford, Huntingdon, and Somerset Counties and later organized in 1807. It was named for the nation of Wales, which in Latin is known as "Cambria".
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 694 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 688 square miles (1,780 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.8%) is water.
- Clearfield County (north)
- Blair County (east)
- Bedford County (southeast)
- Somerset County (south)
- Westmoreland County (southwest)
- Indiana County (west)
National protected areas
- Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site (part)
- Johnstown Flood National Memorial
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 152,598 people, 60,531 households, and 40,616 families residing in the county. The population density was 222 people per square mile (86/km²). There were 65,796 housing units at an average density of 96 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 2.83% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.7% were of German, 10.2% Irish, 10.1% Italian, 10.0% Polish, 6.5% Slovak, 6.2% American and 5.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 60,531 households out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.
There are two Pennsylvania state parks in Cambria County.
- Prince Gallitzin State Park is named for Demetrius Gallitzin, a Russian nobleman turned Catholic priest who was instrumental in the settlement of Cambria County.
- Laurel Ridge State Park surrounds a 70-mile (113-km) hiking trail that begins in Cambria County and ends at Ohiopyle State Park in Fayette County.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Cambria County:
- Chest Springs
- East Conemaugh
- Ebensburg (county seat)
- Northern Cambria
- Scalp Level
- South Fork
- Tunnelhill (partly in Blair County)
- East Carroll
- East Taylor
- Lower Yoder
- Middle Taylor
- Upper Yoder
- West Carroll
- West Taylor
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Cambria County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|17||University of Pittsburgh (Johnstown)||CDP||1,572|
|41||Tunnelhill (partially in Blair County)||Borough||363|
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Cambria County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.