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Isfahan
اصفهان
city
Ancient names: Spahān, Aspadana
Persian transcription(s)
Si-o-se-Pol.jpg
Isfahan city a.jpg Isfahan city b.jpg
40sotoon.jpg Pole Kahjoo 1.JPG
Naghshe Jahan Square Isfahan modified.jpg Isfahan Aquarium I2.jpg
Flowers garden Isfahan Aarash (25).jpg Naghsh-e Jahan Stadium Persepolis V Sepahan.jpg
Clockwise from top: Si-o-se-pol, The City of Isfahan, Khaju Bridge, Isfahan Aquarium, Naghsh-e Jahan Stadium, Flower Garden of Isfahan, Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Chehel Sotoun, and The City of Isfahan.
Nickname(s): Nesf-e Jahān (Half of the world)
Isfahan
Isfahan
Country Iran
Province Isfahan
County Isfahan
District Central
Area
 • Urban 551 km2 (213 sq mi)
Elevation 1,574 m (5,217 ft)
Population (2016 census)
 • city 1,961,260
 • Population Rank in Iran 3rd
  Population Data from 2016 Census
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT 21 March – 20 September (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 031
Climate BWk
Website www.isfahan.ir

Esfahān or Isfahan (historically also rendered as Ispahan or Hispahan, Old Persian: Aspadana, Middle Persian: Spahān, Persian: اصفهان Esfahān) is the capital of Esfahan Province in Iran. It is about 340 km south of Tehran. It has a population of 1,583,609. It is Iran's third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad.

سی و سه پل1
Si-o-se Pol

Isfahan was once one of the largest cities in the world. It was strong from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid dynasty. During this time it was the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city keeps much of its past glory. It is famous for its Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets.

The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world. It is an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city also has a many historic monuments.


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