Porto facts for kids
From the top left corner clockwise: Clérigos Tower; Palácio da Bolsa; Avenida dos Aliados; Church of São Francisco; Porto Cathedral; Porto City Hall; Ribeira
|Etymology: Portuguese for "[the] port"|
|Nickname(s): A Cidade Invicta ("The Unvanquished City"), A Cidade da Virgem ("The City of the Virgin")|
|Motto: Antiga, Mui Nobre, Sempre Leal e Invicta (Old, Most Noble, Always Loyal and Unvanquished)|
|• Total||41.42 km2 (15.99 sq mi)|
|Elevation||104 m (341 ft)|
|• Density||6,943.3/km2 (17,983.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WET (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Postal Zone||4000-286 Porto|
|Area code(s)||(+351) 22|
|Patron Saint||Nossa Senhora de Vandoma|
|Municipal Holidays||24 June (São João)|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
|UNESCO World Heritage site|
|Official name||Historic Centre of Porto|
|Inscription||1996 (20th Session)|
Porto in English traditionally Oporto, is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of Iberian Peninsula major urban areas. The city is famous for Port wine and football team FC Porto. It has a population of 287,591 and the metropolitan area of Porto, which extends beyond the administrative limits of the city, has a population of 2.3 million (2011) in an area of 2,395 km2 (925 sq mi), making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal. It is recognized as a gamma-level global city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group, the only Portuguese city besides Lisbon to be recognised as a global city.
Located along the Douro River estuary in northern Portugal, Porto is one of the oldest European centres, and its historical core was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996. The western part of its urban area extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Its settlement dates back many centuries, when it was an outpost of the Roman Empire. Its combined Celtic-Latin name, Portus Cale, has been referred to as the origin of the name Portugal, based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin. In Portuguese, the name of the city includes a definite article: o Porto ("the port") which is where its former English name "Oporto" comes from.
Port wine, one of Portugal's most famous exports, is named after Porto, since the metropolitan area, and in particular the cellars of Vila Nova de Gaia, were responsible for the packaging, transport, and export of fortified wine. In 2014 and 2017, Porto was elected The Best European Destination by the Best European Destinations Agency. Porto is on the Portuguese Way path of the Camino de Santiago.
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