London Borough of Newham facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
London Borough of Newham
200px|Newham
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.newham.gov.uk
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked {{{area_rank}}}
36.22 km²
ONS code 00BB
Admin HQ East Ham
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 42nd (of 354)
246,200
6,797 / km²
Ethnicity {{{ethnicity}}}
Politics
Leadership Mayor and Cabinet
Mayor Sir Robin Wales (Labour)
Executive Labour
MPs Lyn Brown (Labour)
Stephen Timms (Labour)
London Assembly
— Member
City and East
Unmesh Desai (Labour)

The London Borough of Newham Listeni/ˈnjəm/ is a London borough formed from the former Essex county boroughs of West Ham and East Ham, within east London, the name being a portmanteau word reflecting its creation while combining the compass points of the old borough names.

It is 5 miles (8 km) east of the City of London, north of the River Thames. Newham was one of the six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics and contains most of the Olympic Park including the London Stadium. The local authority is Newham London Borough Council.

The borough's motto, from its Coat of Arms, is "Progress with the People". The Coat of Arms was derived from that of the County Borough of West Ham, while the motto is a translation of the County Borough of East Ham's Latin "Progressio cum Populo".

History

The borough was formed by merging the former area of the Essex county borough of East Ham and the county borough of West Ham as a borough of the newly formed Greater London, on 1 April 1965 - these in turn were successors to the ancient civil and ecclesiastical parishes of East Ham and West Ham. Green Street and Boundary Road mark the former boundary between the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough (previously being in the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, south of the river Thames in the County of London) along with a small area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking. Newham was devised for the borough as an entirely new name.

Demography

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 8,875 —    
1811 11,166 +25.8%
1821 13,005 +16.5%
1831 15,553 +19.6%
1841 17,758 +14.2%
1851 24,875 +40.1%
1861 69,355 +178.8%
1871 113,835 +64.1%
1881 158,314 +39.1%
1891 259,155 +63.7%
1901 338,506 +30.6%
1911 442,158 +30.6%
1921 448,081 +1.3%
1931 454,096 +1.3%
1941 377,508 −16.9%
1951 313,837 −16.9%
1961 271,858 −13.4%
1971 235,496 −13.4%
1981 209,131 −11.2%
1991 221,146 +5.7%
2001 243,737 +10.2%
2011 307,984 +26.4%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population

Newham has the youngest overall population and one of the lowest White British populations in the country according to the 2011 Census. The borough has the second highest percentage of Muslims in Britain, after the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, at 32%.

When using Simpson's Diversity Index on 10 aggregated ethnic groups, the 2001 census identified Newham as the most ethnically diverse district in England and Wales, with 9 wards in the top 15. However, when using the 16 ethnic categories in the Census so that White Irish and White Other ethnic minorities are also included in the analysis, Newham becomes the 2nd most ethnically diverse borough with six out of the top 15 wards, behind Brent with 7 out of the top 15 wards.

Ethnic Group 2001 2011
Number % Number %
White: British 82,390 33.78% 51,516 16.73%
White: Irish 3,231 1.32% 2,172 0.71%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 462 0.15%
White: Other 10,509 4.31% 35,066 11.39%
White: Total 96,130 39.42% 89,216 28.97%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 29,597 12.14% 42,484 13.79%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 20,644 8.46% 30,307 9.84%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 21,458 8.80% 37,262 12.10%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 2,349 0.96% 3,930 1.28%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 7,603 3.12% 19,912 6.47%
Asian or Asian British: Total 81,651 33.48% 133,895 43.47%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 17,931 7.35% 15,050 4.89%
Black or Black British: African 31,982 13.11% 37,811 12.28%
Black or Black British: Other Black 2,740 1.12% 7,395 2.40%
Black or Black British: Total 52,653 21.59% 60,256 19.56%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 2,986 1.22% 3,957 1.28%
Mixed: White and Black African 1,657 0.68% 3,319 1.08%
Mixed: White and Asian 1,652 0.68% 2,677 0.87%
Mixed: Other Mixed 1,953 0.80% 3,992 1.30%
Mixed: Total 8,248 3.38% 13,945 4.53%
Other: Arab 3,523 1.14%
Other: Any other ethnic group 7,149 2.32%
Other: Total 5,209 2.14% 10,672 3.47%
BAME: Total 147,761 60.58% 218,768 71.03%
Total 243,891 100.00% 307,984 100.00%

Newham has the lowest percentage of White British residents of all of London's boroughs. The White British proportion of the population fell from 33.8% in 2001 to 16.7% in 2011; this decrease of 37.5 percentage points is the largest of any local authority in England and Wales between the two censuses. The joint-lowest wards with White British population are Green Street East and Green Street West, both having 4.8% – the third lowest behind Southall Broadway and Southall Green in Ealing. East Ham North is closely followed, at 4.9%.

People of White British ancestry nevertheless remain the largest single ethnic group in the borough. The largest non-White British ethnic groups are Indian (14%), African (12%), Bangladeshi (12%) and Pakistani (10%). Newham has had for many decades a large Indian community. The ethnic group to increase the most in number since 1991 is the Bangladeshi community.

Religion


Circle frame-1.svg

Religion in Newham as of 2011.      Christianity (40%)     Islam (32%)     Irreligion (9.3%)     Hindu (8.8%)     Sikh (2.1%)     Buddhist (0.8%)     Jewish (0.1%)     Other (6.9%)

Places of interest

Newham Town Hall
Newham Town Hall in East Ham (E6)

Community

  • The Hub, a community resource centre built by the local community, in Star Lane, E16, featuring up to the minute "green" features
  • Grassroots, also built by the local community and another innovative green resource centre built by the community. Grassroots is in Memorial Recreation Ground, E15
  • Rosetta Art Centre, situated in walking distance to Grassroots, also in E15

Libraries

Newham has ten libraries (Beckton, Canning Town, Custom House, East Ham, Green Street, Manor Park, North Woolwich, Plaistow, Stratford and Forest Gate).

Canning Town Library was first opened in 1893 and still operates in the original building on Barking Road (albeit with repairs and a reconstructed interior following damage from air raids in 1940 and 1941). Its opening hours are Monday, Tuesday, Friday and Saturday: 9:30am–5:30pm, Wednesday and Sunday: Closed, Thursday: 9:30am–8:00pm.

Museums

  • North Woolwich Old Station Museum. Closed in 2008.
  • Three Mills, a mill complex on the east bank of the River Lee. A trading site for nearly a thousand years, the House Mill was built in 1776 and was (and remains) the country's largest tide mill. It has been restored and contains much of its original machinery including four large waterwheels, millstones and grain chutes.

Markets

There are a number of local markets in the Borough, including Queens Market, which the Council is controversially seeking to redevelop. These proposals are being fought by Friends of Queens Market.

Parks and open spaces

80 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Performance

Green Street
Green Street where the population is predominantly South Asian
  • Theatre Royal Stratford East
  • St Mark's Church, Silvertown The church was designed by Samuel Saunders Teulon. It was built between 1861 and 1862 after a cholera epidemic swept the district and local clergy appealed through the columns of The Times for funds to provide an architectural, as well as spiritual, beacon for the area. It is now the home of the Brick Lane Music Hall.

Shopping and exhibitions

  • Queen's Market – An ethnically diverse market
  • ExCeL Exhibition Centre – major exhibitions such as the Motor Show are now held at ExCeL
  • ICC London - ExCeL – London's new International Conference Centre which opened on 1 May 2010
  • Gallions Reach Shopping Park Out of town retail park
  • East Shopping Centre, Europe's first purpose-built boutique Asian shopping centre
  • Green Street, the largest shopping centre catering for the Asian community in London
  • Stratford Shopping Centre, a shopping centre which includes a small market and typical chainstores
  • Westfield Shopping Centre, Stratford The largest Westfield Shopping Centre in Europe. Opened in September 2011.

Sport

  • Newham was one of the six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics. As a result, it has been undergoing major upheavals, especially in the north of the borough, which are anticipated to end around 2016. The borough hopes to gain many advantages for its residents during that period.
  • West Ham United F.C. play its home matches at the London Stadium (formally the Olympic Stadium) in Stratford.
  • The Newham and Essex Beagles Athletics Club has its headquarters at the Terence McMillan Stadium, part of Newham Leisure Centre, in Plaistow.
  • Clapton F.C., a non-league football club, plays in Forest Gate.
  • London APSA F.C. a non-league football club, plays in Plaistow.
  • London Lituanica, a basketball team playing in the English Basketball League
  • Thomas Mac Curtain's women's GAA team train weekly at the East London Rugby Club

Newspapers

The local newspaper is the Newham Recorder.

Districts

Building 1000
Building 1000 – Newham Council Headquarters

Parishes

The borough is covered by the following ecclesiastical parishes of the Church of England:

  • Parish of the Divine Compassion, Plaistow and North Canning Town
    • St Martin's Church, Plaistow
    • St Mary's Church, Plaistow
    • St Philip and St James Church, Plaistow
    • St Matthias' Church, Canning Town
  • St Luke's Church, Canning Town
  • Church of the Ascension, Victoria Docks
  • St John's Church, North Woolwich
  • St Mark's Church, Beckton
  • Parish of East Ham, Holy Trinity
    • St Bartholomew's Church, East Ham
    • St Mary Magdalene's Church, East Ham
    • St Alban's Church, Upton Park
    • St Edmund's Church, Forest Gate
  • St George's and St Ethelbert's Church, East Ham
  • St Paul's Church, East Ham
  • Little Ilford
    • St Mary's Church, Little Ilford
    • St Michael's Church, Romford Road
  • St Barnabas, Little Ilford
  • Emmanuel Forest Gate, with St Peter's, Upton Cross
  • St Mark's Church, Forest Gate
  • St Saviour and St James, Forest Gate
  • St Margaret with St Columba, Leytonstone
  • St Paul and St James, Stratford
  • St John with Christchurch, Stratford
  • All Saints Church, West Ham

Transport

Transport in Newham is undergoing a major upgrade, with the completed Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension, with new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. Stratford International station on High Speed 1 opened in late 2009. The Crossrail scheme will also improve rail connections to several stations in the borough. The Docklands Light Railway was extended to serve London City Airport.

List of stations

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 23.0% of all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 7.6%; bus, minibus or coach, 7.6%; train, 7.2%; on foot, 4.1%; work mainly at or from home, 1.4%; bicycle, 1.0%.

River Services

Cable Car

  • Emirates Air Line

International services

Town twinning

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom

Newham is twinned with:

Images for kids


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