Macau facts for kids

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Macao Special Administrative 
Region of the People's
Republic of China

  • 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
  • Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Flag of Macau
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Emblem
Anthem: 
Clockwise from top right:Ruins of St. Paul's; Casino Lisboa; St Joseph Seminary Church; Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge; A-Ma Temple; Guia Fortress; Macau Tower.
Clockwise from top right:
Ruins of St. Paul's; Casino Lisboa; St Joseph Seminary Church; Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge; A-Ma Temple; Guia Fortress; Macau Tower.
Location of Macau
Official languages
Spoken languages
  • Cantonese
  • Macanese Portuguese
  • Macanese (Patuá)
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s) Macanese
Government Special administrative region
• Chief Executive
Fernando Chui
• Administration and Justice Secretary
Florinda Chan
• Court President
Sam Hou Fai
• Assembly President
Lau Cheok Va
Legislature Legislative Assembly
Establishment
• Portuguese administration
1557
• Portuguese colony
1 December 1887
• Transfer of
sovereignty
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
29.5 km2 (11.4 sq mi) (235th)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2012a estimate
568,700 (167th)
• 2011 census
552,503 (167th)
• Density
18,568/km2 (48,090.9/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
US$47.19 billion (98th)
• Per capita
US$82,400 (4th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
US$44.300 billion (98th)
• Per capita
US$77,353 (4th)
HDI (2007) Steady 0.944
very high · 25th
Currency Macanese pataca (MOP)
Time zone UTC+8 (MST)
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Driving side left
Calling code +853
ISO 3166 code MO
Internet TLD .mo
  1. Second quarter.
Macau
Macau in Chinese T.png
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門
Simplified Chinese 澳门
Cantonese Jyutping ou3mun4*2
Cantonese Yale Oumùhn
Hanyu Pinyin Àomén
Literal meaning Bay gate
Macao Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese 澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese 澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
Portuguese Região Administrativa Especial de Macau for "Macau Special Administrative Region"

The Macao Special Administrative Region (Macau or Macao, simplified Chinese: 澳门; traditional Chinese: 澳門; Mandarin Pinyin: Aomen; Jyutping: Ou Mun) is one of China's two Special Administrative Regions. (The other one is Hong Kong). Macau is a small city in the southern coast in China. It consists of Macau Peninsula (Aomen Bandao), Taipa Island (Dangzai Dao), Coloane Island (Luhuan Dao) and Cotai (Ludangcheng), the new reclaimed land between Taipa and Coloane. It is very densely populated, with over half a million people.

Macao used to be a colony of Portugal. Today, Macao mostly lives off of offshore gambling. In fact, Macau makes 7 times as much money as Las Vegas per year. They make some money from exporting clothing.

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