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Zenos Frudakis
Zenos Frudakis Frederick Law Olmsted.jpg
Zenos Frudakis working on his sculpture of Frederick Law Olmsted.
Born 1951 (age 69–70)
San Francisco, California, United States
Nationality American
Education Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; University of Pennsylvania
Known for Sculpture
Notable work
Freedom, United States Air Force Memorial Honor Guard, Knowledge is Power, Payne Stewart at Pinehurst Golf Course

Zenos Frudakis (born July 7, 1951), known as Frudakis, is an American sculptor whose diverse body of work includes monuments, memorials, portrait busts and statues of living and historic individuals, military subjects, sports figures and animal sculpture. Over the past four decades he has sculpted monumental works and over 100 figurative sculptures included within public and private collections throughout the United States and internationally. Frudakis currently lives and works near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is best known for his Freedom sculpture, which shows a series of figures breaking free from a wall and is installed in downtown Philadelphia. Other notable works are at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina, the National Academy of Design, and the Lotos Club of New York City, the Imperial War Museum in England, the Utsukushi ga-hara Open Air Museum in Japan, and the U.S. Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.

Biography

Born in 1951 in San Francisco, California, Frudakis is the oldest of five children. He was born to Greek-American parents, and was raised primarily in Northwestern Indiana, with the exception of several years in Wheeling, West Virginia. As a child, Frudakis first began to sculpt under the family's kitchen table with a piece of dough given to him by his mother as she was preparing to bake bread. Growing up in Greek family culture, Frudakis began drawing and reading at a young age, initiating a lifelong discipline of studying and creating art each day. Artistic inspirations come from ancient Greeks, and sculptors Michelangelo, Bernini, Carpeaux and Rodin. Throughout his life, Frudakis has been an avid reader with a wide range of interests that inform his work.

Frudakis' initial years in college were close to home in the Gary, Indiana area due to illness of his father. During this time, he spent summers working in steel mills, and in 1970 to 1971, attended Indiana University Northwest Extension.

In 1972, Frudakis moved to Philadelphia to study at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Concurrently, he also studied sculpture privately with Prix de Rome winner Evangelos Frudakis, his elder brother. Frudakis studied painting privately with Prix de Rome winner James Hanes. From 1977 to 1983, he attended the University of Pennsylvania, where Frudakis earned bachelor's and master's degrees in Fine Arts.

Career

Early work

In 1976, Frudakis married Rosalie Gluchoff. Together they began a gallery and ran Frudakis Studio, located in center city Philadelphia. Frudakis' first important commission was a portrait sculpture of Samuel L. Evans, founder of the American Foundation for Negro Affairs (AFNA); followed by portrait sculptures of Wilson Goode, former Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; The Honorable K. Leroy Irvis, the first African American to serve as a State Legislature's Speaker of the House; and Joseph E. Coleman, former City Council President, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Figure and Portrait Sculpture

Frudakis continued sculpting commissions with an emphasis on the figure and the portrait, as demonstrated in his many monumental works, individual portrait statues and busts, and bas-reliefs. He created sculptures of living and historic individuals that express the character and vitality of his subjects while capturing an accurate likeness. Portrait statues included notable figures, such as businessman and philanthropist John D. MacArthur, installed in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida; Honorable Dame Lois Browne-Evans, the first female Bermudian justice, installed in the Dame Lois Browne Evans Building, Hamilton, Bermuda; landscape architect, journalist and public administrator Frederick Law Olmsted, installed at The North Carolina Arboretum, Asheville, North Carolina; and lawyer Clarence Darrow on view at the Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King and Freedom sculpture
Martin Luther King Jr. and Freedom Sculpture

Some of Frudakis's sculptures have generated controversy. When he sculpted a life-size bronze bust of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. for the U.S. Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa, apartheid was still in effect there. The U.S. government had advised Frudakis he could be jailed for bringing the sculpture into South Africa, so the bust was brought into the country in 1989 by diplomatic pouch. The sculpture was installed just inside the embassy's fence, visible to the public but outside the South African government's reach, standing as a statement of the U.S.’s opposition to apartheid.

Clarence Darrow

Frudakis' statue of attorney Clarence Darrow reawakened tensions between local evolutionists and creationists when it was installed outside the Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee, in 2017. The courthouse was the site of the 1925 Scopes "monkey trial," in which John T. Scopes was accused of unlawful teaching of human evolution in a state-funded school. Darrow represented Scopes, while William Jennings Bryan argued for the prosecution. Since 2005, a sculpture of Bryan has been on display on the courthouse lawn. The Darrow sculpture was commissioned by the Freedom From Religion Foundation and installed on the lawn in balance to the Bryan sculpture, where it drew criticism from some residents who oppose to the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools.

Sports sculpture

Frudakis has been commissioned to create bronze portrait busts, statues, and monuments of significant figures from the sports world, including golf, baseball, hockey and boxing.

Payne Stewart, Pinehurst

A celebratory pose of Payne Stewart, with a leg in the air and a fist thrust to the sky, is commemorated in Frudakis' bronze statue displayed at Pinehurst Resort, North Carolina, near the spot where Stewart, in 1999, made this gesture when winning the U.S. Open. The sculpture was unveiled at Pinehurst in 2001. In 2014, when Pinehurst once again hosted the U.S. Open, on the 15th anniversary of Stewart's win, attendees posed alongside the sculpture, mimicking the iconic pose. Thousands of television and online viewers saw these images; Payne's daughter Chelsea was photographed with her father's sculpture and the PGA Tour called it on Instagram, "The coolest statue photo you’ll see this week." Payne Stewart's tribute trophy case at Pinehurst Resort also showcases Frudakis' portrait bust of Payne Stewart along with historic photos and memorabilia.

Other golfers

Zenos Frudakis Arnold Palmer Legioner
Arnold Palmer with portrait statue.

Sculptures of other prominent golfers include Arnold Palmer at Georgia Golf Hall of Fame in Augusta, and the Arnold Palmer Airport, Latrobe, Pennsylvania and the Arnold Palmer at Tralee, Ireland; Jack Nicklaus at the USGA Museum, Far Hills, New Jersey, and at Valhalla, Lexington, Kentucky; Dinah Shore at the Wall of Champions, Rancho Mirage, California; Bob Jones at East Lake Golf Club, Atlanta, Georgia, and U.S. Golf Association Museum, Liberty Corner, New Jersey; and Robert H. Dedman, Sr. and Richard Tufts at Pinehurst Resort, Pinehurst, North Carolina. Golf Digest commissioned Frudakis to create the bronze trophy sculpture known as The Arnie, a philanthropy award for "golfers who give back."

Baseball Hall of Famers

Frudakis’ larger-than-life sculptures include Baseball Hall of Famers Mike Schmidt, Steve Carlton, Richie Ashburn and Robin Roberts, all on view at Citizens Bank Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A relief sculpture of Coach Staffieri is at University of Pennsylvania's Franklin Field. A public monument at the DiMaggio Children's Hospital, Hollywood, Florida, shows Joe DiMaggio kneeling to speak to a young boy, and includes the inscription, "We never stand so tall as when we stoop to help a child."

Boxer James J. Braddock

World champion boxer James J. Braddock (known as "the Cinderella Man") is commemorated in a 10-foot ,1,500-pound bronze statue at James J. Braddock North Hudson Park, North Bergen, New Jersey, near where the boxer lived and trained. The sculpture was unveiled on September 27, 2018, attended by a large crowd including local and county officials, Braddock's family, fans and other notable boxers Gerry Cooney, Pat Murphy, Randy Neumann, and the legendary "Bayonne Bleeder," Chuck Wepner.

Jimmy Braddock, grandson of James, said, "This statue is a reminder of the power of the human spirit to overcome adversity through determination."

Hockey All-Star Brian Phillip Propp

A portrait bust of National Hockey League All-Star Brian Phillip Propp is displayed at the Philadelphia Flyers Hall of Fame, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Major works

Frudakis has sculpted a wide range of subject matter in bronze, stainless steel and clay, including monuments, memorial, portrait busts, statues, military, sports, animals, people and historic figures. The sculptures range in size and technique from relief panels to monuments. His best-known and most acclaimed works include Freedom, the United States Air Force Memorial Honor Guard, Payne Stewart, John D. McArthur, Clarence Darrow, Frederick Law Olmsted, James Braddock and Nina Simone.

John D. McArthur

The 8-foot bronze statue honoring Palm Beach Gardens’ city founder John D. MacArthur is mounted on a 3-foot base of granite from a quarry in Vermont. Unveiled on November 21, 2010 as part of the city's 50th anniversary celebration, the sculpture is installed at the city hall entrance on Military Trail.

Frederick Law Olmsted

Frederick Law Olmstead sculpture
Frederick Law Olmsted sculpture by Zenos Frudakis.

Commissioned by The North Carolina Arboretum, the first larger-than-life-size sculpture of Frederick Law Olmsted is a tribute to the man known as the father of American landscape architecture. It was unveiled at a ceremony on April 22, 2016 at the Arboretum in Asheville, North Carolina. The Olmsted sculpture is sited on a large natural stone in the Arboretum's Blue Ridge Court with a view of the Pisgah National Forest behind it. Frudakis said, "It was important for me to create a sculpture that embodied the idea of Frederick Law Olmsted as a visionary of monumental proportions. In his hands he holds the abstract topographic map, which came from his mind and became the land that he stood on."

Nina Simone

Nina Simone Plaza-Tryon NC-full-size-photo credit-Meg Rogers (2)
Nina Simone sculpture by Zenos Frudakis, Nina Simone Plaza in Tryon, NC. Photo credit: Meg Rogers

The memorial sculpture of Nina Simone depicts the "High Priestess of Soul" seated atop a stone base while performing on a floating keyboard. The keyboard is sculpted in the form of a wave—evoking the sense of grace, rhythm and music. Simone's daughter and Broadway actress Lisa Simone Kelly posed for Frudakis as he sculpted the eight-foot bronze portrait statue. The memorial of the world-renowned singer and human rights activist includes her ashes within a sculpted heart that is welded to the interior of the figure's chest.

The Nina Simone sculpture was dedicated on February 16, 2017, which would have been Simone's 77th birthday. The memorial is in Nina Simone Plaza in her birthplace of Tryon, North Carolina.

Molly Maguires

The larger-than-life Molly Maguires Memorial depicts the defining moment in the group's history, The Day of the Rope (June 21, 1877), during which ten victims of the Molly era lost their lives. All were represented by a single hooded figure on a scaffold the moment before hanging. The emotional impact of the sculpture provokes a reconsideration of history. A cast of this sculpture is in the collection of the State Museum of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Monuments

Frudakis’ first public monument is The Water Hole, a life-size sculpture of an elephant playfully spraying water on a boy sitting on the elephant's back. It was commissioned by department store owner Stockton Strawbridge for the Burlington Center Mall in Burlington, New Jersey. His subsequent public monuments include the sculptures Path to Manhood, Dallas, Texas; Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Monument, Chester, Pennsylvania; Knowledge is Power, Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey; the United States Air Force National Memorial Honor Guard in Arlington, Virginia; and Freedom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Knowledge is Power

Knowledge is Power
Knowledge is Power sculpture by Zenos Frudakis.

Using Francis Bacon's quote, "Knowledge is Power" as the central theme, Frudakis sculpted this monument to inspire the process and pleasure of learning. Using the visual metaphor of an open book, the 8-ft high by 12-ft wide sculpture features Charles Darwin and Albert Einstein emerging from its pages. These influential figures represent key shifts in the understanding of the world and its sciences. Relief faces and quotes from 31 iconic figures in science, history, mathematics and the arts portray contrasting theories, philosophies and politics, as well as struggles shared across generations. On the left page, a large relief portrait of Charles Darwin is encircled by early thinkers, artists, activists, politicians and scientists along with their famous ideas or works. On the right page, Albert Einstein steps out dimensionally as did his ideas about space and time, and he is surrounded by more contemporary figures, concepts and quotations. The viewer is led through a process of exploration and is left to weigh countering viewpoints and discover their personal resonance.

Installed in 2014, the sculpture is located at the entrance to James Hall at Rowan University in Glassboro, New Jersey.

United States Air Force Memorial Honor Guard

National Air Force Memorial - panoramio
United States Air Force Memorial as seen at night.

The United States Air Force Memorial Honor Guard, a 16-ft high monument, consists of four eight-foot bronze figures, patinaed in blue-gray, standing side by side and mounted on a ten-by-two-foot bronze base. The two middle figures are flag bearers, carrying the United States and Air Force flags and battle streamers, flanked by two rifle guards. The Honor Guard soldiers depicted in the Air Force Memorial are, from left to right, a Caucasian man, an African American man, a Latino man and a Caucasian woman. The sculpture stands before the granite inscription wall bearing the names of U.S. Air Force recipients of the Medal of Honor. The facing south wall is inscribed with Air Force core-value quotations: "Integrity first, service before self, and excellence in all we do." The monument stands adjacent to the memorial's three stainless-steel spires created by James Ingo Freed that soar above the statues. The memorial is located near The Pentagon and Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

The design of the sculpture was initially more sketch-like but as it progressed became more detailed with precise measurements for positioning of clothing, ties, medals, buttons, shoes, straps, belts, accessories, flags and rifles, following the strict guidelines of the Honor Guard. (This approach was in complete contrast to another sculpture Frudakis was working on concurrently known as Freedom.)

The Air Force Memorial's dedication ceremony in 2006 was attended by approximately 30,000 people, and it began the service's 60th Anniversary Commemoration, "From Heritage to Horizons—Commemorating 60 Years of Air and Space Power."

Freedom

The Freedom sculpture in Philadelphia, PA with sculptor Zenos Frudakis.

Freedom is the most widely recognized public sculpture by Frudakis. Installed in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 20 ft. long by 8 ft. high and 7,000 lbs., the monument portrays transformation through the sequential emergence of a figure in four stages of breaking free from a wall.

Influenced by Rodin's Gates of Hell, Frudakis includes many smaller sculptures and personal elements within the monument's wall. The bronze's maquette, the sculptor's hand and sculpture tools are cast into the wall. The anatomical man as well as portraits, figures and reliefs are shown partially sculpted, revealing the process of creation.

The back surface of the sculpture's wall (not visible in the current installation) includes additional elements that Frudakis calls the "Other Side of Freedom." It consists of mummified forms in a tomb-like structure that evolved as Frudakis was creating the monument.

Selected awards

  • National Endowment for the Arts, development grant, sculpture, national competition, 1985
  • Arts America, United States Information Agency, grant for sculpture, travel, lecturing on art in Africa, 1989
  • Hakone Award, Utsukushi-ga-hara Open-Air Museum, Rodin Grand Prize, Japan, 1990
  • Edwin and Theresa Richards Award for Portraiture, National Sculpture Society
  • Silver Medal of Honor, National Sculpture Society, NYC
  • President's Prize, Gloria Medal, and Edwin and Theresa Richards Award for Portraiture, National Sculpture Society, NYC
  • Honorary Doctorate from Accademico Internationale, Rome, Italy, Jan. 25, 1993

Selected exhibitions

International sculptures

  • Reaching. Two figures (bronze | 7 ft) Utsukushi-ga-hara Open Air Museum, Japan. 3rd Rodin Grand Prize Exhibition, July 20, 1990.
  • Honor Guard. Memorial (Bronze | 16 ft) Imperial War Museum, Duxford, England. Dedication 2018.
  • Martin Luther King and Freedom. Public sculpture (Bronze | life size) Peace Garden, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Dedication October 19, 2018.
  • Hon. Dame Lois Browne-Evans. Statue (Bronze | life-size) Justice Center, Dame Lois Browne Evans Building (Police/Justice Center) Hamilton, Bermuda. Dedication June 2011.
  • Arnold Palmer. Statue (Bronze | over-life-size) Tralee Golf Club, Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland. Dedication September 10, 2007.
  • Dr. Constantine Papadakis. Drexel University President. Portrait bust (Bronze | life size) Town Square, Meskla, Greece. Dedication July 24, 2010.
  • Lamby (Abigail), Irish Wolfhound. Statue (Bronze | 12 ft × 11 ft) Old Bladbean Stud Garden, Canterbury, Kent, England.
  • Dr.Martin Luther King Jr., South Africa. Portrait bust (Bronze, granite base | life size) U.S. Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa. Dedication: January 16, 1989.
  • Dr. Constantine 'Taki' Papadakis. Memorial (Bronze | life size) Public Square in Meskla, Greece. Dedication: July 24, 2010.

American sculptures

Benjamin Franklin Zenos Frudakis
Zenos Frudakis sculpting Benjamin Franklin.

In a career spanning over four decades, Frudakis has produced monumental figures such as the United States Air Force Memorial Honor Guard Installed at the Arlington National Cemetery, and Freedom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Monumental sculptures

Memorials

  • U.S. Air Force Memorial Honor Guard. Memorial (Bronze | Monument) Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia. Dedication: October 14, 2006.
  • Molly Maguires Memorial. (Bronze | larger-than-life) Molly Maguires Memorial Park, Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania. Dedication: June 21, 2002
  • The Workers' Memorial. (Bronze | 8 ft figure, Mayari-r Steel circle, granite base | 2,500 lbs) The Rose Garden, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Sponsored by 20 unions, 15 non-union industries, 3 cities: Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton Pennsylvania. Dedication: April 28, 1991.
  • Anthracite Miners' Memorial. Relief (Bronze | Left and right panels 6 × 4 ft, central panel 8 ft sq) Giard Park, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. Dedication: 1996.
  • Nina Simone. Memorial (Bronze, local stone | 8 ft figure) Nina Simone Plaza, Tryon, North Carolina. Dedication: February 21, 2010.
  • Henry L. Bowden. Memorial (Bronze bas-relief | over-life-size) Henry L. Bowden Hall, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Dedication: 1991
  • Mr. and Mrs Hillenbrand. Memorial (Bronze bas-relief | life size) Batesville Memorial Public Library, Batesville, Indiana. Dedication: 1988.
  • Veterans Memorial. Memorial (Bronze | over-life-size) Henry L. Bowden Hall, Emory University, Collegeville, Pennsylvania. Dedication: 1991.

Statues

Sports sculptures

Boxing

  • James J. Braddock, the Cinderella Man. Statue (Bronze | 10 ft | 1,500 lbs). Braddock Park, North Bergen, New Jersey. Dedication: September 26, 2018.

Golf

Baseball

Zenos Frudakis Mike Schmidt Philadelphia
Mike Schmidt sculpture by Zenos, Citizens Bank Park, Philadelphia, PA.

Hockey

  • Brian Propp. Portrait bust (Bronze | life size). Philadelphia Flyers Hall of Fame. Additional casting in private collection.

Coaches

Award Sculptures

  • General MacArthur Award. (Bronze | 14 in.) General MacArthur Memorial Foundation. Given to top junior officers of the four military branches annually at the Pentagon.
  • The Arnie Award. (Bronze | 14 in.) Conde Nast and Golf Digest award for philanthropy.
  • The Bob Jones Award. (Bronze | 18 in.) US Golf Association award given annually recognizing individuals who demonstrates the spirit, personal character and respect for the game exhibited by Jones, winner of nine USGA championships. It is the highest honor bestowed by the USGA.
  • Forward Award. (Bronze | 17 in.) Freedom From Religion Foundation. Given annually to those who work to protect separation of church and state.
  • Darrow Award. (Bronze | 17 in.) Freedom From Religion Foundation. Annual award in recognition of civil libertarians who promote science and evolution, and/or freethought, as Darrow advocated.

Gallery

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