Burnaby facts for kids

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Burnaby
City
City of Burnaby
Metrotown area, seen from Burnaby's Deer Lake
Metrotown area, seen from Burnaby's Deer Lake
Flag of Burnaby
Flag
Coat of arms of Burnaby
Coat of arms
Official logo of Burnaby
Logo
Motto: By River and Sea Rise Burnaby
GVRD Burnaby.svg
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional District Metro Vancouver
Established 1892 (municipality status)
1992 (city status)
Area
 • Total 90.61 km2 (34.98 sq mi)
Elevation Sea level to 370 m (0–1,214 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 223,218 (ranked 20th)
 • Density 2,463.5/km2 (6,380/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard (PST) (UTC-8)
Postal codes V3N, V5A to V5J
Area code(s) 604, 778
Website www.burnaby.ca

Burnaby is a city in British Columbia, Canada, located immediately to the east of Vancouver. It is the third-largest city in British Columbia by population, surpassed only by nearby Surrey and Vancouver.

It was incorporated in 1892 and achieved City status in 1992, one hundred years after incorporation. It is the seat of the Greater Vancouver Regional District's government, the board of which calls itself Metro Vancouver.

History

At incorporation, the municipality's citizens unanimously chose to name it after the legislator, speaker, Freemason and explorer Robert Burnaby, who had been private secretary to Colonel Richard Moody, the first land commissioner for the Colony of British Columbia, in the mid-19th century. In 1859 Burnaby had surveyed the freshwater lake near what is now the city's geographical centre. Moody chose to name it Burnaby Lake.

In the first 30 to 40 years after its incorporation, the growth of Burnaby was influenced by its location between expanding urban centres of Vancouver and New Westminster. It first served as a rural agricultural area supplying nearby markets. Later, it served as an important transportation corridor between Vancouver, the Fraser Valley and the Interior and continues to do so. As Vancouver expanded and became a metropolis, it was one of the first-tier bedroom community suburbs of Vancouver itself, along with the city and district of North Vancouver, and Richmond. Burnaby has shifted in character over time from rural to suburban to urban.

Geography and land use

Burnaby occupies 98.60 square kilometres (38.07 sq mi) and is located at the geographical centre of the Metro Vancouver area. Situated between the city of Vancouver on the west and Port Moody, Coquitlam, and New Westminster on the east, Burnaby is further bounded by Burrard Inlet and the Fraser River on the north and south respectively. Burnaby, Vancouver and New Westminster collectively occupy the major portion of the Burrard Peninsula. The elevation of Burnaby ranges from sea level to a maximum of 370 metres (1,200 ft) atop Burnaby Mountain. Due to its elevation, the city of Burnaby experiences quite a bit more snowfall during the winter months than nearby Vancouver or Richmond. Overall, the physical landscape of Burnaby is one of hills, ridges, valleys and an alluvial plain. The land features and their relative locations have had an influence on the location, type and form of development in the city.

Burnaby is home to many industrial and commercial firms. British Columbia's largest (and Canada's second largest) commercial mall, the Metropolis at Metrotown is located in Burnaby. Still, Burnaby's ratio of park land to residents is one of the highest in North America, and it maintains some agricultural land, particularly along the Fraser foreshore flats in the Big Bend neighbourhood along its southern perimeter.

Burnaby parks, rivers, and lakes

Major parklands and waterways in Burnaby include Central Park, Robert Burnaby Park, Kensington Park, Burnaby Mountain, Still Creek, the Brunette River, Burnaby Lake, Deer Lake, and Squint Lake.

Climate

Climate data for Burnaby (Simon Fraser University) 1981−2010 at 365 metres
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
18.5
(65.3)
23.0
(73.4)
28.0
(82.4)
33.0
(91.4)
31.1
(88)
34.0
(93.2)
33.9
(93)
34.5
(94.1)
26.5
(79.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.1
(61)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.8
(44.2)
9.3
(48.7)
12.4
(54.3)
15.6
(60.1)
18.2
(64.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.2
(70.2)
18.0
(64.4)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
5.1
(41.2)
12.7
(54.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
4.3
(39.7)
6.2
(43.2)
8.7
(47.7)
11.8
(53.2)
14.4
(57.9)
17.0
(62.6)
17.2
(63)
14.6
(58.3)
9.5
(49.1)
5.3
(41.5)
2.9
(37.2)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
1.7
(35.1)
3.1
(37.6)
4.9
(40.8)
7.9
(46.2)
10.5
(50.9)
12.7
(54.9)
13.2
(55.8)
11.1
(52)
7.0
(44.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.8
(33.4)
6.5
(43.7)
Record low °C (°F) −13.9
(7)
−14.0
(7)
−8.0
(18)
−3.3
(26.1)
-0.5
(31.1)
3.9
(39)
5.0
(41)
3.3
(37.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.0
(19)
−14.0
(7)
−19.4
(-2.9)
−19.4
(-2.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 280.9
(11.059)
178.4
(7.024)
182.1
(7.169)
154.4
(6.079)
120.0
(4.724)
101.4
(3.992)
64.7
(2.547)
64.5
(2.539)
92.2
(3.63)
210.1
(8.272)
311.6
(12.268)
249.8
(9.835)
2,009.9
(79.13)
Rainfall mm (inches) 256.5
(10.098)
163.2
(6.425)
171.2
(6.74)
152.7
(6.012)
119.9
(4.72)
101.4
(3.992)
64.7
(2.547)
64.5
(2.539)
92.2
(3.63)
209.8
(8.26)
303.6
(11.953)
220.8
(8.693)
1,920.7
(75.618)
Snowfall cm (inches) 24.3
(9.57)
15.1
(5.94)
10.9
(4.29)
1.7
(0.67)
0.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
8.0
(3.15)
29.0
(11.42)
89.3
(35.16)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.5 16.2 18.9 16.1 14.9 13.5 7.4 6.8 10.3 17.1 21.6 19.8 183.1
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.1 14.7 18.3 16.0 14.9 13.5 7.4 6.8 10.3 17.0 21.0 17.3 175.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 4.0 2.5 2.0 0.54 0.04 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.09 1.8 4.5 15.5
Source: Environment Canada

Transportation

Fairlawn Brentwood
The Brentwood neighbourhood, with Capitol Hill in the distance

The SkyTrain rapid transit system, based in Burnaby, crosses the city from east to west in two places: the Expo Line (completed in 1986) crosses the south along Kingsway and the Millennium Line (completed in 2002) follows Lougheed Highway. The SkyTrain has encouraged closer connections to New Westminster, Vancouver, and Surrey, as well as dense urban development at Lougheed Town Centre on the city's eastern border, at Brentwood Town Centre in the centre-west, and most notably at Metrotown in the south.

Major north-south streets crossing the City include Boundary Road, Willingdon Avenue, Royal Oak Avenue, Kensington Avenue, Sperling Avenue, Gaglardi Way, Cariboo Road, and North Road. East-west routes linking Burnaby's neighbouring cities to each other include Hastings Street, Barnet Highway, the Lougheed Highway, Kingsway (which follows the old horse trail between Vancouver and New Westminster), Canada Way and Marine Drive/Marine Way. Douglas Road, which used to cross the city from northwest to southeast, has largely been absorbed by the Trans-Canada Highway and Canada Way. Since the 1990s, Burnaby has developed a network of cycling trails. It is also well served by Metro Vancouver's bus system, run by the Coast Mountain Bus Company, a division of TransLink.

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada reported that Burnaby had a population of 223,218 who resided in 86,839 of its 91,383 total dwellings, a 10.1% change from the 2006 census. With a land area of 90.61 km2 (34.98 sq mi), it had a population density of 2,463.5/km2 (6,380/sq mi) in 2011. The median age is 39.8 years old, slightly younger than the British Columbia median of 41.9 years old.

Canada 2011 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:
South Asian 17,480 7.9%
Chinese 67,780 30.8%
Black 3,445 1.6%
Filipino 12,905 5.9%
Latin American 3,765 1.7%
Arab 1,535 0.7%
Southeast Asian 3,945 1.8%
West Asian 4,440 2%
Korean 7,645 3.5%
Japanese 3,780 1.7%
Other visible minority 365 0.2%
Mixed visible minority 3,855 1.8%
Total visible minority population 130,940 59.4%
Aboriginal group
Source:
First Nations 2,000 0.9%
Métis 1,130 0.5%
Other Aboriginal groups 165 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 3,295 1.5%
European Canadian 86,020 39.1%
Total population 220,255 100%

Religion

Burnaby's religious profile:

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
2001 193,954 —    
2006 202,799 +4.6%
2011 223,218 +10.1%
2016 232,755 +4.3%

People and politics

While Burnaby occupies about 4% of the land area of the Greater Vancouver Regional District, it accounted for about 10% of the Region's population in 2001. It is the third most populated urban centre in British Columbia (after Vancouver and Surrey) with an estimated population of 205,261. Like much of Greater Vancouver, Burnaby has always had large ethnic and immigrant communities: to cite two examples, North Burnaby near Hastings Street has long been home to many Italian restaurants and recreational bocce games, while Metrotown's ever-sprouting condominium towers in the south have been fuelled in part by more recent arrivals from China (Hong Kong and Macau), Taiwan, South Korea, and the former Yugoslavia. According to the 2006 Census, 54% of Burnaby residents have a mother tongue that is neither English nor French.

Politically, Burnaby has maintained a left-wing city council closely affiliated with the provincial NDP (which recently completely eliminated the city's debt) and school board for many years, while sometimes electing more conservative legislators provincially (for the Social Credit and BC Liberal parties) and federally (for the Reform, Alliance, and Conservative parties). Its longest-serving politician had been Svend Robinson of the New Democratic Party (NDP), Canada's first openly gay member of Parliament, but after 25 years and seven elections he resigned his post in early 2004 after stealing and then returning an expensive ring. Burnaby voters endorsed his assistant, Bill Siksay, as his replacement in the spring 2004 Canadian federal election. In the May 2013 provincial election, residents of the city sent 3 NDP MLAs and one Liberal MLA to the British Columbia legislature. The NDP MLA for Burnaby-Lougheed, Jane Shin, faced controversy after the election for misrepresenting herself as a physician while not having completed a medical residency nor holding a license to practise medicine.

According to a 2009 survey by Maclean's magazine, Burnaby is Canada's best run city. The survey looks at a city's efficiency, the cost of producing results, and the effectiveness of its city services.

Culture

Burnaby South Secondary School features the Michael J. Fox Theatre, a community theatre seats 613 with 11 wheelchair spaces.

Symbols

Burnaby's official flower is the rhododendron.

Sister cities

Burnaby has four sister cities (or "twin towns"):

Surrounding municipalities

Images for kids


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