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Douglas County, Oregon facts for kids

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Douglas County
Douglas County Courthouse in Roseburg
Douglas County Courthouse in Roseburg
Map of Oregon highlighting Douglas County
Location within the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Oregon
Founded January 7, 1852
Seat Roseburg
Largest city Roseburg
 • Total 5,134 sq mi (13,300 km2)
 • Land 5,036 sq mi (13,040 km2)
 • Water 98 sq mi (250 km2)  1.9%%
 • Total 111,201
 • Estimate 
111,978 Increase
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district 4th
Douglas County, OR from Callahans
The county, looking east from west of Roseburg
A gold "needle" from the Bohemia District in Douglas County

Douglas County is one of the 36 counties in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2020 census, the population was 111,201. The county seat is Roseburg. The county is named after Stephen A. Douglas, an American politician who supported Oregon statehood. Douglas County comprises the Roseburg, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area.


The area originally was inhabited by the Umpqua Indians, who speak a language in the Athabaskan language family (although some linguists put it in the Penutian family). Following the Rogue River Indian War in 1856, most of the remaining natives were moved by the government to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation. However, seven families of Umpqua hid in the hills, eluding capture for many decades. They are now federally recognized as the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians. The tribe manages a small reservation in Canyonville, Oregon, and has a Casino/Hotel named Seven Feathers to represent the seven families who refused forced removal to the Grand Ronde Reservation.

Douglas County was created on January 7, 1852, from the portion of Umpqua County which lay east of the Coast Range summit. In 1856 the Camas Valley was annexed to Douglas County from Coos County. In 1862, the rest of Umpqua county was absorbed into Douglas County, some say due to the loss of population following the end of the early gold boom, while others attribute the absorption to politics. Further boundary adjustments were made with Jackson and Lane Counties in 1915.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,134 square miles (13,300 km2), of which 5,036 square miles (13,040 km2) is land and 98 square miles (250 km2) (1.9%) is water. It is the fifth-largest county in Oregon by area. A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Douglas County. Douglas County is one of two Oregon counties that extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Cascade Range. (The other is Lane County.)

National protected areas

  • Crater Lake National Park (part)
  • Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest (part)
  • Siuslaw National Forest (part)
  • Umpqua National Forest (part)
  • Willamette National Forest (part)

Adjacent counties


Douglas County, OR aerial
An aerial view of the county
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,203
1870 6,066 89.4%
1880 9,596 58.2%
1890 11,864 23.6%
1900 14,565 22.8%
1910 19,674 35.1%
1920 21,332 8.4%
1930 21,965 3.0%
1940 25,728 17.1%
1950 54,549 112.0%
1960 68,458 25.5%
1970 71,743 4.8%
1980 93,748 30.7%
1990 94,649 1.0%
2000 100,399 6.1%
2010 107,667 7.2%
2020 111,201 3.3%
2021 (est.) 111,978 4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 107,667 people, 44,581 households, and 29,839 families living in the county. The population density was 21.4 inhabitants per square mile (8.3/km2). There were 48,915 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.4% white, 1.8% American Indian, 1.0% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 16.7% were Irish, 15.8% were English, and 5.7% were American.

Of the 44,581 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, and 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age was 46.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,711 and the median income for a family was $48,729. Males had a median income of $39,308 versus $28,176 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,342. About 10.6% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


Almost the entire watershed of the Umpqua River lies within the boundaries of Douglas County. The heavily timbered county contains nearly 1.8 million acres (7,300 km2) of commercial forest lands and one of the oldest stands of old growth timber in the world. Approximately 25–30% of the labor force is employed in the forest products industry. Agriculture, mainly field crops, orchards, and livestock (particularly sheep ranching), is also important to the economy of the county. The land of Douglas County is roughly half-publicly and half-privately owned.

The post-Prohibition wine industry in Oregon began with Richard Somer planting Hillcrest Vineyard at the south end of the Umpqua Valley in 1961. The Umpqua Valley wine appellation lies entirely within Douglas county.

Nickel has been refined at Riddle since 1954. There is a significant federal presence in the region; the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management administer more than 50% of the county's land.

As of 2015, the top ten private employers in the county were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Roseburg Forest Products 1,885
2 Mercy Medical Center 1,092
3 Swanson Group Aviation 682
4 TMS Call Center 615
5 Seven Feathers Hotel & Casino Resort 606
6 First Call Resolution 424
7 Umpqua Bank 331
8 Orenco Systems 266
9 A&M Transport, Inc. 200
10 Douglas County Forest Products 160



Oregon Route 99 runs through Azalea, Tri-City, Myrtle Creek, Canyonville, Green, Roseburg, Winchester, Sutherlin, Rice Hill, Drain, and Anlauf.

Interstate 5 provides access to the communities of Tri-City, Myrtle Creek, Canyonville, Green, Roseburg, Sutherlin, and Rice Hill.

Oregon Route 138 runs northwest from Roseburg to Elkton, Oregon, and generally east from Roseburg to its terminus at a junction with U.S. Route 97, just east of Diamond Lake and Crater Lake.


The communities of Douglas county are regionally served by U-Trans (formerly Umpqua Transit), the local bus service. In 2017, these services were significantly expanded to include locations such as Oakland, Oregon and Tenmile

Greyhound Lines provide the community of Roseburg with more distant transportation.


There are two public airports in Roseburg, Marion E. Carl Memorial Field at the north end of town and George Felt Airport to the west.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Douglas (Oregón) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Famous Hispanic activists
Rodolfo Gonzales
Ernesto Galarza
César Chávez
Oscar Zeta Acosta
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