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Henry Warner Slocum, Sr.
Henry Warner Slocum.jpg
Portrait of General Henry W. Slocum by Mathew Brady, ca. 1861
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
Preceded by Lyman Tremain
Succeeded by At-large district temporarily abolished
John Fitzgibbons
Elmer E. Studley
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1873
Preceded by William E. Robinson
Succeeded by Stewart L. Woodford
Personal details
Born (1827-09-24)September 24, 1827
Delphi Falls, New York
Died April 14, 1894(1894-04-14) (aged 66)
Brooklyn, New York
Political party Democratic
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1852–1856; 1861–1865
Rank Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Major General
Commands 27th New York Infantry
Brigade Commander, Franklin's Division
Divisional Commander, VI Corps
XII Corps
XIV Corps
XX Corps
Army of Georgia
Battles/wars American Civil War

Henry Warner Slocum, Sr. (September 24, 1827 – April 14, 1894), was a Union general during the American Civil War and later served in the United States House of Representatives from New York. During the war, he was one of the youngest major generals in the Army and fought numerous major battles in the Eastern Theater and in Georgia and the Carolinas. While commanding a regiment, a brigade, a division, and a corps in the Army of the Potomac, he saw action at First Bull Run, the Peninsula Campaign, South Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Harpers' Ferry.

At Gettysburg, he was the senior Union General in the Field, under Gen. George G. Meade. During the battle, he held the Union right from Culp's Hill to across the Baltimore Pike. His successful defense of Culp's Hill was crucial to the Union victory at Gettysburg. After the fall of Vicksburg on the Mississippi River, splitting the southern Confederacy, Slocum was appointed military commander of the district. Slocum participated in the Atlanta Campaign and was the first commander to enter the city on September 2, 1864. He then served as occupation commander of Atlanta.

Slocum was appointed the commander of the left wing of Gen. William T. Sherman's famous "March to the Sea" to Savannah on the Atlantic coast through Georgia and afterwards turning north through the Carolinas, commanding the XIV and XX Corps, comprising the Army of Georgia. During this campaign, he captured the then state capital of Georgia, Milledgeville and the Atlantic coast seaport of Savannah.

In the Carolinas campaign, Slocum's army saw victories in the battles of Averasborough and Bentonville, North Carolina. The "March to the Sea" and the Carolinas campaign were crucial to the overall Union victory in the Civil War. After the surrender of Confederate forces, Slocum was given command of the Department of Mississippi. Slocum declined an officer's appointment in the postwar Regular Army. He was a successful political leader in the North, a businessman and railroad developer.

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