Ogden, Utah facts for kids

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Ogden, Utah
City
Downtown Ogden
Downtown Ogden
Location in Weber County and the state of Utah
Location in Weber County and the state of Utah
Country United States
State Utah
County Weber
Settled 1844
Incorporated February 6, 1851 (As Brownsville)
Named for Peter Skene Ogden
Area
 • City 26.6 sq mi (69.0 km2)
 • Land 26.6 sq mi (69.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 4,300 ft (1,310 m)
Population (2012)
 • City 83,793
 • Density 3,113.72/sq mi (1,934.78/km2)
 • Urban 2,238,697
 • Metro 547,184
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 385, 801
FIPS code 49-55980
GNIS feature ID 1444049
Website http://ogdencity.com/

Ogden /ˈɒɡdɛn/ is a city and the county seat of Weber County, Utah, United States, approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of the Great Salt Lake and 40 miles (64 km) north of Salt Lake City. The population was 84,316 in 2014, according to the US Census Bureau. The city served as a major railway hub through much of its history, and still handles a great deal of freight rail traffic which makes it a convenient location for manufacturing and commerce. Ogden is also known for its many historic buildings, proximity to the Wasatch Mountains, and as the location of Weber State University.

Ogden is a principal city of the Ogden–Clearfield, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Weber, Morgan, Davis, and Box Elder counties. The 2010 Census placed the Metro population at 597,159. In 2010, Forbes rated the Ogden-Clearfield MSA as the 6th best place to raise a family. Ogden has had a Sister City relationship to Hof (Germany) since 1954.

History

Ogden Utah
Ogden in 1874.

Originally named Fort Buenaventura, the city of Ogden was the first permanent settlement by people of European descent in the region that is now Utah. It was established by the trapper Miles Goodyear in 1846 about a mile west of where downtown Ogden is currently located. In November 1847, Fort Buenaventura was purchased by the Mormon settlers for $1,950. The settlement was then called Brownsville, after Captain James Brown, but was later named Ogden for a brigade leader of the Hudson's Bay Company, Peter Skene Ogden, who had trapped in the Weber Valley a generation earlier. The site of the original Fort Buenaventura is now a Weber County park.

Ogden-utah-depot-1910
Westbound passengers changed cars at Ogden, from Union Pacific to Southern Pacific, which took them to California

Ogden is the closest sizable city to the Golden Spike location at Promontory Summit, Utah, where the First Transcontinental Railroad was joined in 1869. Ogden was known as a major passenger railroad junction owing to its location along major east–west and north–south routes, prompting the local chamber of commerce to adopt the motto, "You can't get anywhere without coming to Ogden." Railroad passengers traveling west to San Francisco from the eastern United States typically passed through Ogden (and not through the larger Salt Lake City to the south). Ogden, however, is no longer served by Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, and passengers desiring to travel from Ogden by rail must travel via FrontRunner commuter rail to Salt Lake City and Provo.

In 1972, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints completed construction of and dedicated the Ogden Utah Temple in Ogden. The temple was built to serve the large LDS population in the area. In 2010, the LDS Church announced a major renovation of the Ogden Temple and the adjacent Tabernacle. The work, which began in 2011, includes completely changing the dated 1970's exterior, removing the steeple from the Tabernacle so as to make the Temple's steeple a main focus, as well as a new underground parking garage and gardens. The Temple was rededicated in 2014.

Because Ogden has historically been the second largest city in Utah, it is home to a large number of historic buildings. However, by the 1980s, several Salt Lake City suburbs and Provo had surpassed Ogden in population.

The Defense Depot Ogden Utah operated in Ogden from 1941 to 1997. Some of its 1,128 acres (456 ha) has since been converted into a commercial and industrial park called the Business Depot Ogden.

Geography

Ogden is located at 41°13′11″N 111°58′16″W / 41.2196°N 111.9712°W / 41.2196; -111.9712 (41.2196, −111.9712), at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.6 square miles (69.0 km2), all land. Elevations in the city range from about 4,300 to 5,200 feet (1,300 to 1,600 m) above sea level.

2005-0623-VK-OgdenSign
"Ogden" sign over Washington Boulevard at the Ogden River; toward downtown

The Ogden and Weber Rivers, which originate in the mountains to the east, flow through the city and meet at a confluence just west of the city limits. Pineview Dam is located in the Ogden River Canyon 7 miles (11 km) east of Ogden. The reservoir behind the dam provides over 110,000 acre feet (140,000,000 m3) of water storage and water recreation for the area.

Prominent mountain peaks near Ogden include Mount Ogden to the east and Ben Lomond to the north.

Climate

Ogden experiences a dry summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa). Summers are hot and dry, with highs frequently reaching 95 °F (35 °C), with a few days per year reaching 100 °F (38 °C). Rain is provided in the form of infrequent thunderstorms during summer, usually between mid-July and mid-September during the height of monsoon season. The Pacific storm season usually lasts from about October through May, with precipitation reaching its peak in spring. Snow usually first occurs in late October or early November, with the last occurring sometime in April. Winters are cool and snowy, with highs averaging 37 °F (3 °C) in January. Snowfall averages about 22 inches (0.56 m), with approximately 23.67 inches (601 mm) of precipitation annually. Extremes range from −16 °F (−27 °C), set on January 26, 1949, to 106 °F (41 °C), set on July 14, 2002.

Climate data for Ogden, Utah (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18.3)
68
(20)
78
(25.6)
87
(30.6)
98
(36.7)
102
(38.9)
106
(41.1)
102
(38.9)
97
(36.1)
93
(33.9)
75
(23.9)
66
(18.9)
106
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C) 37.0
(2.78)
42.5
(5.83)
53.8
(12.11)
62.2
(16.78)
71.4
(21.89)
82.0
(27.78)
91.4
(33)
89.5
(31.94)
78.7
(25.94)
65.4
(18.56)
49.2
(9.56)
38.3
(3.5)
63.45
(17.472)
Average low °F (°C) 21.3
(-5.94)
24.3
(-4.28)
33.1
(0.61)
39.5
(4.17)
47.0
(8.33)
55.9
(13.28)
63.9
(17.72)
62.6
(17)
52.9
(11.61)
41.6
(5.33)
31.0
(-0.56)
22.9
(-5.06)
41.33
(5.185)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(-26.7)
−11
(-23.9)
3
(-16.1)
17
(-8.3)
21
(-6.1)
33
(0.6)
37
(2.8)
34
(1.1)
29
(-1.7)
11
(-11.7)
−12
(-24.4)
−12
(-24.4)
−16
(-26.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.20
(55.9)
1.92
(48.8)
2.11
(53.6)
2.18
(55.4)
2.58
(65.5)
1.54
(39.1)
0.83
(21.1)
0.92
(23.4)
1.67
(42.4)
2.22
(56.4)
1.96
(49.8)
1.86
(47.2)
21.98
(558.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.8
(19.8)
5.9
(15)
1.3
(3.3)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.8
(7.1)
3.6
(9.1)
22.1
(56.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01-inch) 9.3 7.8 8.3 8.0 8.5 5.1 3.8 4.0 6.0 6.4 7.7 7.8 82.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1-inch) 3.4 2.2 0.8 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.2 1.6 9.6
Source: NOAA

Demographics

2000 Census

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 500
1860 1,464 192.8%
1870 3,127 113.6%
1880 6,069 94.1%
1890 14,889 145.3%
1900 16,313 9.6%
1910 25,580 56.8%
1920 32,804 28.2%
1930 40,272 22.8%
1940 43,688 8.5%
1950 57,112 30.7%
1960 70,197 22.9%
1970 69,478 −1.0%
1980 64,407 −7.3%
1990 63,909 −0.8%
2000 77,226 20.8%
2010 82,825 7.3%
Est. 2015 85,444 3.2%
source:

As of the census of 2000, there were 77,226 people, 27,384 households, and 18,402 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,899.2 people per square mile (1,119.3/km2). There were 29,763 housing units at an average density of 1,117.4/sq mi (431.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.01% White, 2.31% African American, 1.20% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 12.95% from other races, and 2.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.64% of the population.

There were 27,384 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 14.6% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,047, and the median income for a family was $38,950. Males had a median income of $29,006 versus $22,132 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,632. About 12.6% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 82,825 people residing in the city. The population density was 2,899.2 people per square mile (1,119.3/km2). There were 29,763 housing units at an average density of 1,117.4/sq mi (431.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.02% White, 2.24% African American, 1.40% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.64% of the population.

Transportation

Front Runner (1141456610)
FrontRunner commuter rail, which runs between Provo and Ogden, via Salt Lake City

Interstates 15 and 84 serve the city. I-84 runs east–west through the southern suburbs, merging with I-15 near Riverdale. I-15 runs north–south near the city's western edge and provides connections to the rest of the Wasatch Front and beyond. Ogden is served directly by exits 341, 342, 343, and 344. US-89 enters the city from the south, running through the city as Washington Boulevard, which serves as the main street of Ogden. It then continues north to Brigham City. State Route 39 runs east–west through the city as 12th Street, and continues eastward through Ogden Canyon providing access to Pineview Reservoir and the mountain and ski resort town of Huntsville.

The Utah Transit Authority (UTA) operates four bus routes directly between Salt Lake City and Ogden, as well as numerous others that serve Weber and northern Davis counties that connect into either the Ogden Intermodal Hub on the west edge of town or to Weber State University. Ogden is also the source of the two routes that serve Brigham City, the northernmost extension of UTA's bus system. It also has a Greyhound bus stop along a line that runs north–south along I-15. The FrontRunner commuter rail is now open and runs between Salt Lake City and Pleasant View, just north of Ogden, and includes a stop at the Ogden Intermodal Hub. This line opened for service on April 26, 2008.

Amtrak service is provided with a bus connection running to/from Salt Lake City, where there are daily California Zephyr trains west to the Oakland, California area and east to Chicago, Illinois. Amtrak trains do not serve Ogden directly. Historically, Ogden Union Station served as a hub for frequent trains going northwest to Oregon and Washington, and east to Chicago. Amtrak ended the Pioneer in 1997.

Ogden-Hinckley Airport, Utah's busiest municipal airport, is located in the southwest portion of the city. Allegiant Air offers commercial service from Ogden to Phoenix and Mesa, AZ. Utah Airways offers charter service to many of the West’s national parks.

Sites of interest

Ogden25thStreet
Historic 25th Street, Downtown
Peery's Egyptian Theatre Ogden Utah
Peery's Egyptian Theatre, Downtown
First security building ogden utah
The First Security Building on 24th Street.
  • Bigelow-Ben Lomond Hotel
  • DaVinci Academy of Science and the Arts
  • Dee Events Center
  • Eccles Avenue Historic District
  • Historic 25th Street
  • The Ice Sheet Curling venue during the 2002 Winter Olympics
  • Jefferson Avenue Historic District
  • The Junction Retail and residential complex
  • Ogden City Municipal Building
  • Ogden Eccles Conference Center
  • Ogden High School
  • Ogden Nature Center
  • Ogden Utah Temple
  • Ott Planetarium
  • Peery's Egyptian Theatre
  • Snowbasin Ski Area Alpine Skiing venue during the 2002 Winter Olympics
  • Saint Joseph Catholic Schools
  • Union Station
  • Ogden Forest Service Building
  • Weber State University
  • Treehouse Children's Museum

Sports and recreation

The mountains and rivers near Ogden offer diverse opportunities for outdoor recreation.

An extensive trail system, immediately adjacent to the city's eastern edge, gives residents and visitors immediate access to the foothills of the Wasatch Range. The foothill trails are used for hiking, running, mountain biking, and sometimes snowshoeing and cross-country skiing. Steeper trails climb eastward into the mountains, and many other mountain trails originate within a few miles of the city. A system of paved urban trails runs along the banks of the Ogden and Weber Rivers.

The quartzite cliffs above Ogden's foothills provide a variety of rock climbing routes. An extensive boulder field in the foothills is one of the most popular bouldering sites in the state.

LindquistFieldOgden
Lindquist Field, home of the Raptors

On the mountains east of Ogden are three downhill ski areas: Snowbasin, Powder Mountain, and Wolf Mountain. Popular sites for cross-country skiing include Snowbasin and Weber County's North Fork Park.

Kayaking is a popular sport on portions of the Ogden and Weber Rivers. A developed kayak park lies on the Weber River in the western portion of the city. The reservoirs near Ogden are used for a wide variety of water sports.

Ogden is also home to the minor league baseball team Ogden Raptors of the Pioneer League, the Women's Flat Track Derby Association league Junction City Roller Dolls, the minor-league soccer team Ogden Outlaws of the Premier Development League and the Ogden Knights of the American Indoor Football Association.

Ogden Stadium houses the annual "Hot Rocking 4th", a motorsports event.

There are several golf courses located in the city of Ogden.

Weber State University fields several intercollegiate athletic teams that attract spectators from among local residents. The university is especially known for its basketball team.

Ogden is a satellite venue of the Sundance Film Festival. A local film festival, now called the Foursite Film Festival, has been held annually since 2004. Other events of interest include a downtown farmer's market, the Ogden Arts Festival, the Harvest Moon Festival, Ogden Winterfest and the Ogden Marathon.

Ogden has had two shopping malls. Newgate Mall was built in 1981, and Ogden City Mall a year prior. The latter was torn down and redeveloped as The Junction.

Renown

Panoramic video clip of Ogden recorded on the Bonneville Shoreline Trail at 5,111 ft (1,558 m) Clip pans from south to west to north

Two ships in the United States Navy have been named after the City of Ogden; the first, USS Ogden (PF-39), in 1943, and the second, USS Ogden (LPD-5), in 1964.

Ogden was the site of the infamous Hi-Fi murders in 1974.

Flying J, the largest retailer of diesel fuel in North America, has its corporate headquarters in Ogden.

In 2009, Ogden ranked No. 5 on Newsmax magazine's list of the "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns," a piece written by current CBS News travel editor Peter Greenberg. According to the magazine, Greenberg based the rankings on a variety of features, such as quality of schools and proximity to medical care, as well as culture, hospitality, and scenic beauty.

Images for kids


Ogden, Utah Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.