kids encyclopedia robot

Szczecin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
(Redirected from Stettin)
Szczecin - panoramio (3).jpg
Międzyodrze-Wyspa Pucka, Szczecin, Poland - panoramio (8).jpg MuzeumMorskieWSzczecinie.jpg
Stare Miasto, Szczecin, Poland - panoramio (10).jpg
Top: View of the Cathedral, Old Town and Ducal Castle
Middle: The Oder river, National Sea Museum
Bottom: Old Town Hall in Stare Miasto
Flag of Szczecin
Coat of arms of Szczecin
Coat of arms
Motto: "Szczecin jest otwarty"
("Szczecin is open")
Country Poland
Voivodeship West Pomeranian
County city county
Established 8th century
Town rights 1243
 • City 301 km2 (116 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2018)
 • City 402,465 Decrease (7th)
 • Metro 777,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code PL-70-017
to 71–871
Area code(s) +48 91
Car plates ZS
Climate Cfb

Szczecin is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of December 2018, the population was 402,465.

Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark, and became completely German speaking by the 14th century. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement, resulting in the almost complete expulsion of the pre-war population.

Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast.

Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.

1109 Szczecin Panorama

Sister cities

Images for kids

kids search engine
Szczecin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.