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Cupertino
City of Cupertino
Cupertino, United States Jan 04 (cropped).jpeg
Cupertino City Center.jpg
Aerial view of Apple Park dllu (cropped).jpg
Steve Jobs Theater - external (cropped).jpg
Le Petit Trianon (cropped).jpg
Clockwise from top: View from the Santa Cruz Mountains; Apple Park (Apple Inc. HQ); Le Petit Trianon; Steve Jobs Theater; Cupertino City Center
Flag of Cupertino
Flag
Official seal of Cupertino
Seal
Location of Cupertino in Santa Clara County, California
Location of Cupertino in Santa Clara County, California
Cupertino is located in the United States
Cupertino
Cupertino
Location in the United States
Country United States
State California
County Santa Clara
Region San Francisco Bay Area
Incorporated October 10, 1955
Named for Arroyo San José de Cupertino
Government
 • Type Council–manager
 • Body
Area
 • Total 11.33 sq mi (29.34 km2)
 • Land 11.33 sq mi (29.34 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.01%
Elevation
236 ft (72 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 60,381
 • Density 5,330.24/sq mi (2,058.06/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
95014, 95015
Area codes 408/669
FIPS code 06-17610
GNIS feature IDs 277496, 2410278

Cupertino ( KOOP-ər-TEEN-oh) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, United States, directly west of San Jose on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The population was 57,820 as of the 2020 census. It is known for being the home of Apple Inc., headquartered at Apple Park.

Toponym

Cupertino was named after Arroyo San José de Cupertino (now Stevens Creek). The creek had been named by Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza's cartographer, who named it after Saint Joseph of Cupertino. Saint Joseph was born Giuseppe Maria Desa, and later known as Giuseppe da Copertino. Joseph of Cupertino was named after the town of Copertino in the Apulia region of Italy. The name Cupertino first became widely used when John T. Doyle, a San Francisco lawyer and historian, named his winery on McClellan Road "Cupertino". After the turn of the 20th century, Cupertino displaced the former name for the region, which was "West Side".

Although the meaning of "Copertino" is uncertain, it is likely a compound word meaning "little (covered) shelter." The -ino suffix in Italian words indicates "small" or "little", while "coprire" in Italian means "to cover", and "coperto" is derived from the Latin "coopertus," which means "covered shelter."

History

Cupertino in the 19th century was a small rural village at the crossroads of Stevens Creek Road and Saratoga-Mountain View Road (also known locally as Highway 9; later Saratoga-Sunnyvale Road, and then renamed to De Anza Boulevard within Cupertino city limits). Back then, it was known as the West Side and was part of Fremont Township. The primary economic activity was fruit agriculture. Almost all of the land within Cupertino's present-day boundaries was covered by prune, plum, apricot, and cherry orchards. A winery on Montebello Ridge overlooking the Cupertino valley region was also in operation by the late 19th century.

Soon railroads, electric railways, and dirt roads traversed the West Side farmlands. Monta Vista, Cupertino's first housing tract, was developed in the mid-20th century as a result of the electric railway's construction.

After World War II, a population and suburban housing boom dramatically shifted the demographics and economy of the Santa Clara Valley, as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" was beginning to transform into "Silicon Valley". In 1954, a rancher, Norman Nathanson, the Cupertino-Monta Vista Improvement Association, and the Fact Finding Committee, began a drive for incorporation. On September 27, 1955, voters approved the incorporation of the city of Cupertino (225 voted "yes" and 183 voted "no"). Cupertino officially became Santa Clara County's 13th city on October 10, 1955. The first city council consisted of Ralph Lindenmayer, Werner Wilson, John Saich, R. Ivan Meyerholz and Norman Nathanson. Lindenmayer was selected as the first mayor of Cupertino a week after the September 27 election.

Cupertino Improvement Committee around 1954
Cupertino Improvement Association c. 1954

A major milestone in Cupertino's development was the creation by some of the city's largest landowners of VALLCO Business and Industrial Park in the early 1960s. Of the 25 property owners, 17 decided to pool their land to form VALLCO Park, 6 sold to Varian Associates (property later sold to Hewlett-Packard), and two opted for transplanting to farms elsewhere. The name VALLCO was derived from the names of the principal developers: Varian Associates and the Leonard, Lester, Craft, and Orlando families. A neighborhood outdoor shopping center and, much later, the enclosed Vallco Fashion Park, briefly renamed Cupertino Square, were also developed.

De Anza College opened in 1967. The college, named for Juan Bautista De Anza, occupies a 112-acre (0.45 km2) site that was the location of a winery built at the turn of the 20th century, called Beaulieu by its owners, Charles and Ella Baldwin. Their mansion has now become the California History Center. De Anza College now has about 22,000 students and is a hub of activity in the city. Its flea market, held the first Saturday of the month, attracts thousands from around the area.

Housing developments were rapidly constructed in the following years as developers created neighborhoods, including Fairgrove, Garden Gate, Monta Vista, Seven Springs, and other developments. The city is known for its high real estate prices.

On December 1, 2009, Cupertino became the first city in Northern California to have an Asian-American-majority city council.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 3,664
1970 17,895 388.4%
1980 34,297 91.7%
1990 40,263 17.4%
2000 50,546 25.5%
2010 58,302 15.3%
2020 60,381 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
St joseph of cupertino parish front
Saint Joseph of Cupertino Church of the Catholic Diocese of San Jose.

63 percent of Cupertino's population was of Asian ancestry in 2010, compared to 32 percent in Santa Clara County overall. Money's Best Places to Live, "America's best small towns", ranked Cupertino as #27 in 2012, the second highest in California. In 2014, Movoto Real Estate ranked Cupertino the seventh "happiest" suburb in the United States, ranking highly in the categories of income, safety, marriage, and education.

In 2015, Forbes ranked Cupertino as one of the most educated places in the U.S. in respect to the percentage of high school and college graduates.

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Cupertino had a population of 58,302. The population density was 5,179.1 people per square mile (1,999.7/km2). The racial makeup of Cupertino was 18,270 (31.3%) White, 344 (0.6%) Black American, 117 (0.2%) American Indian, 36,895 (63.3%) Asian (28.1% Chinese, 22.6% Indian, 4.6% Korean, 3.3% Japanese, 1.3% Vietnamese), 54 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 670 (1.1%) from other races, and 1,952 (3.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic of any race were 2,113 persons (3.6%); 2.4% of Cupertino's population is of Mexican ancestry.

The census reported that 57,965 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 61 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 276 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 20,181 households, out of which 9,539 (47.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,802 (68.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,393 (6.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 581 (2.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 378 (1.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 89 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,544 households (17.6%) were made up of individuals, and 1,612 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87. There were 15,776 families (78.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.28.

The population was spread out, with 16,075 people (27.6%) under the age of 18, 3,281 people (5.6%) aged 18 to 24, 15,621 people (26.8%) aged 25 to 44, 16,044 people (27.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,281 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,867.9 per square mile (721.2/km2), of which 12,627 (62.6%) were owner-occupied, and 7,554 (37.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.7%. 36,464 people (62.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 21,501 people (36.9%) lived in rental housing units.

Geography

Cupertino is located at 37°19′3″N 122°2′31″W / 37.31750°N 122.04194°W / 37.31750; -122.04194 (37.317492, −122.041949), at the southern end of the San Francisco Bay. The eastern part of the city, located in the Santa Clara Valley, is flat while the western part of the city slopes into the Santa Cruz Mountains. Cupertino borders San Jose and Santa Clara to the east, Saratoga to the south, Sunnyvale and Los Altos to the north, and Loyola to the northwest.

Several streams run through Cupertino on their way to south San Francisco Bay, including (from north to south): Permanente Creek, Stevens Creek, San Tomas Aquino Creek and its Smith Creek, the Regnart Creek and Prospect Creek tributaries of Calabazas Creek, and Saratoga Creek.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29 km2), 99.99% of it land and 0.01% of it water.

Climate

Cupertino usually has mild weather, wet winters and mild, dry summers. However, due to the drought in California, the rainfall is lower than average.

Averages in July (at Santa Clara University)

  • Maximum 82.0 °F (27.8 °C)
  • Minimum 54.1 °F (12.3 °C)

Averages in January (at Santa Clara University)

  • Maximum 58.2 °F (14.6 °C)
  • Minimum 38.7 °F (3.7 °C)

Extremes

  • High 114 °F (46 °C) – June 1961
  • Low 16 °F (−9 °C) – December 1990

Neighborhoods

Cupertino is made up of numerous subdivisions, most of them developed since the 1960s. Most of Cupertino's contemporary properties were developed between 1960 and 1961. The area between Stevens Creek boulevard, Miller avenue, Bollinger road, and Lawrence Expressway contains 224 Eichler homes. Two of the newest parts of Cupertino are among its oldest housing tracts. Monta Vista and Rancho Rinconada were developed outside of the city's boundaries in the 1950s and before. Rancho Rinconada was annexed in 1999 and the last part of Monta Vista was annexed in 2004. The neighborhood of Seven Springs is at the Southern tip of Cupertino and was developed in the very late 1980s. The newest and most northern neighborhood, Oak Valley, borders Rancho San Antonio Park and was developed around the turn of the millennium.

Cupertino is known for its expensive housing prices as the majority of residential properties are multimillion-dollar homes as of 2015, with the entry-point into a single family home at about 1.5 million dollars. Many homes are in the upper $1 million - $3.5 million range. The high cost of living in Cupertino is attributed to the high-quality schooling, safety of the town, and its central location within the Silicon Valley. The city has attracted many high-income professionals and executives many of which are all cash buyers. The price of housing in Cupertino seems to have weathered even the 2008 slump in economy.

Housing Market Comparison (Monta Vista HS Area):

2010 - Entry-level single-family home: from $800000's, mid-size single family home: from $1200000's, executive home: from $1600000's

vs.

2015 - Entry-level single-family home: from $1500000's, mid-size single family home: from $2100000's, executive home: from $2700000's

Housing Market Comparison (Cupertino HS Area):

2010 - Entry-level single-family home: from $600000's, mid-size single family home: from $1000000's, executive home: from $1400000's

vs.

2015 - Entry-level single-family home: from $1300000's, mid-size single family home: from $1800000's, executive home: from $2300000's

Layout

Cali-mill-pano
Cali Mill Plaza containing the Cypress Hotel and various restaurants
Cali Mill Plaza Night
Cali Mill Plaza at night

Cali Mill Plaza marks the traditional center of the city and the historical location of Crossroads. However, Cupertino does not have a traditional downtown shopping and commercial district.

Transportation

Cupertino-memorial park
Cupertino Memorial Park.

The city is served by an interconnected road system. Two freeways, State Route 85 and Interstate 280, intersect in Cupertino, with multi-lane boulevards with landscaped medians and traffic lights at all major intersections. Streets nearly all have sidewalks, the few exceptions are in unincorporated pockets at the city's edges, which are maintained directly by Santa Clara County.

Cupertino has bike lanes on many of its boulevards, and has an extension of the Stevens Creek Trail through McClellan Ranch Park and Blackberry Farm. Bicycle traffic is heavy usually around morning and noon times around DeAnza College. The VTA has buses running through Cupertino at major arteries. Cupertino's main streets are well lit, while a few older roads towards the Monta Vista High School area are a little dim.

Dedicated on April 30, 2009, Cupertino opened the Mary Avenue Bicycle Footbridge, the first cable-stay bicycle-pedestrian bridge over a California freeway. This bridge connects the north and the south sections of the Stevens Creek Trail. The cost of the bridge project was $14,800,000.

The Union Pacific Railroad operates a branch line track up to the Lehigh Permanente Cement Plant from the mainline at San Jose Diridon Station. It is however strictly for the quarry and very little to no non-quarry traffic runs there.

Cupertino-Via-Transportation-California-Van
Public transit in Cupertino, California is powered by Via Transportation and utilizes on-demand shuttles.

There is no commuter rail or light rail service in the city. Caltrain commuter rail runs through the cities to the north and east, and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA)'s Mountain View – Winchester light rail line runs to Campbell, California to the south. Bus service is also provided by VTA, and the prospect of a twenty-four-hour bus service on Stevens Creek Boulevard is being studied. Though this corridor (line 23) is one of VTA's most heavily used routes, there is no express service that takes commuters into San Jose, and the quality of service is therefore considered to be relatively poor. Cupertino is also served by VTA's 523 Rapid bus, which runs from northern Sunnyvale and the Caltrain station to Downtown San Jose with limited stops and signal priority.

Cupertino is landlocked and, like most Bay Area cities, relies on the Port of Oakland for most oceangoing freight.

Passenger and cargo air transportation is available at San Jose International Airport in San Jose. The closest general aviation airport is in Palo Alto; it is known as Palo Alto Airport of Santa Clara County.

The City of Cupertino partnered with Via Transportation in October 2019 to launch a new on-demand public transportation network. Unlike traditional bus networks that rely on routes and schedules, the new microtransit service called Via allows riders to hail a shared ride on-demand through a smartphone app. The transit network serves the entire City of Cupertino with a satellite zone surrounding the Sunnyvale CalTrain station for commuters.

Places of interest

Vallco Shopping Mall (formerly Cupertino Square and Vallco Fashion Park), at the center of Cupertino, includes an ice center, bowling, and an AMC theater complex.

Hollyhill Hummingbird Farm educates the community on growing fruit and vegetables, and raising chickens, in an organic and sustainable manner.

The scenic Deep Cliff and Blackberry Farm golf courses are located near Monta Vista High School.

The De Anza College has a large enclosed theater called the Flint Center which is the primary venue for performing arts in the West Valley that is widely used as a music hall by orchestras, such as the California Youth Symphony and the San Francisco Symphony, as well as numerous professional performers and groups. The center was also home to the unveiling of several landmark Apple Computer products, such as the Macintosh computer and the iMac.

The Fujitsu Planetarium at De Anza College is the largest school Planetarium west of the Rocky Mountains and since its renovation, is one of the most modern in the world.

Rancho San Antonio is a popular recreational area for hikers and biking activity. Rancho San Antonio is located between the Monta Vista area of Cupertino and the border of Los Altos.

The Cupertino Historical Society has a museum at the Cupertino Community Center, located next to Memorial Park, which houses the Cupertino Veterans Memorial as well as an amphitheater that hosts events such as summer movies and Free Shakespeare in the Park.

There are a variety of popular restaurants in the area. Some of them are The Mandarin Gourmet, Noodles & Company, Fontana, Pizza My Heart, The Melt, and Paris Baguette Café is really popular as well. There are also several bubble tea shops such as Cafe Lattea, TPumps, and Quickly's. Bubble tea is extremely popular in Cupertino, and many students regularly buy it.

Sister cities

Cupertino is twinned with:

Economy

Aerial view of Apple Park dllu
The headquarters of Apple Inc. on Apple Park Way in Cupertino

Cupertino is one of many cities that claim to be the "heart" of Silicon Valley, as many semiconductor and computer companies were founded there and in the surrounding areas. The new worldwide headquarters for Apple Inc. is located there in a modern circular complex. It is a 150-acre (610,000 m2) campus between Interstate 280, N Wolfe Rd, E Homestead Rd and along Tantau Ave one mile east of the old campus. The nine properties (50-acre (0.2 km2)) south of Pruneridge Avenue were bought in 2006, the property (100-acre (0.4 km2) north of it in 2010 (from Hewlett-Packard).

On June 7, 2011, Steve Jobs gave a presentation to Cupertino City Council, detailing the architectural design of the new building and its environs. The campus houses 13,000 employees in one central four-story circular building surrounded by extensive landscaping, with parking mainly underground and the rest centralized in a parking structure.

Cali-mill-pano
Cali Mill Plaza, containing the Cypress Hotel and various restaurants

In 2002, Cupertino had a labor force of 25,780 with an unemployment rate of 4.5%. The unemployment rate for Santa Clara County as a whole was 8.4%.

One of the major employers in the area is the aggregate rock quarry and cement plant in the foothills to the west of Cupertino, the Permanente Quarry. Owned and operated by Lehigh Southwest Cement, it was founded by Henry J. Kaiser as the Kaiser Permanente Cement Plant in 1939. It provided the majority of the cement used in the construction of the Shasta Dam. It supplied the 6 million barrels (950,000 m3) of cement over a nine-mile (14 km)-long conveyor system. The cement plant is the sole reason for the railroad line that runs through the city.

Top employers

According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer No. of employees
1 Apple 15,000
2 Cupertino Union School District 1,597
3 Foothill–De Anza Community College District 1,183
4 Fremont Union High School District 961
5 Seagate Technology 500
6 Affymax 304
7 Chordiant 285
8 Trend Micro 250
9 The Forum at Rancho San Antonio 250
10 Target 220

Education

Santa Clara County Library operates the Cupertino Library, which is located adjacent to city hall. The library, which was redesigned and rebuilt in 2004, is the busiest branch in the Santa Clara County Library system, with about 3 million items circulated annually.

The San Francisco Japanese School, a weekend educational program for Japanese citizen children living abroad, holds classes at J.F. Kennedy Middle School in Cupertino, as well as Harker, a private school.

Primary and secondary

Homestead Quad Cupertino
Homestead High School.

Cupertino is known for its high-achieving primary and secondary school students. For example, Murdock-Portal Elementary and Faria Elementary School are tied for highest score for elementary public school in the state of California, per California 2013 API test scores. As of 2013, John F. Kennedy Middle School is the best public middle school in the state, and Lawson Middle School is the third best in the state. Furthermore, Monta Vista High School is ranked number 23 out of all the public high schools in the nation.

Primary (K-8) public schools are organized into the Cupertino Union School District, while the Fremont Union High School District is responsible for high school students (except for a tiny portion of the northeast corner of the city which belongs to the Santa Clara Unified School District). Cupertino High School and its feeder school, Hyde Middle School, are located in the Rancho Rinconada section of Cupertino, while Monta Vista High School and its feeder, Kennedy Middle School, are in the Monta Vista neighborhood in the western half of Cupertino. Lawson Middle School feeds mostly Cupertino and Monta Vista High. In addition, Homestead High School is located in the northwestern portion of Cupertino, along the city border with neighboring Sunnyvale.

Colleges and universities

Cupertino is home to De Anza College, one of the two community colleges in the Foothill–De Anza Community College District. The University of San Francisco has satellite campuses in Cupertino.

Notable people

  • Matthew Axelson – Navy SEAL who died in battle in Afghanistan and awarded the Navy Cross
  • Kris Bubic, MLB Pitcher
  • Redmond Burke – pediatric heart surgeon
  • Raymond Carver – writer and poet
  • Aaron Eckhart – actor
  • Scott Erickson – former MLB pitcher
  • Paul Fong – California politician
  • Clark Glasson – golf course architect and original operator of Deep Cliff Golf Course
  • Steven Gray (a.k.a. Adyashanti) – spiritual teacher
  • Steve Jobs – co-founder and former CEO of Apple Inc.
  • Mark Tapio Kines – film director, writer, producer
  • David Kramer – professional soccer player
  • Ronnie Lott – former defensive player for the San Francisco 49ers and Oakland Raiders
  • Bryan Mantia – drummer for Primus and Guns N' Roses
  • Kurt Rambis – former NBA player and head coach
  • Josiah Little Pickard – retired school administrator
  • Daniel Puder – mixed martial arts fighter/former WWE wrestler
  • Fred Sablan – musician, former bassist for Marilyn Manson
  • Charlie Tagawa – Japanese immigrant and musician; American Banjo Museum Hall of Fame inductee
  • Khyri Thomas, professional basketball player
  • Savita Vaidhyanathan – former mayor of Cupertino
  • Elizabeth Lowe Watson – leader in the California Equal Suffrage Association
  • Sandy Wihtol – retired professional baseball player
  • Steve Wozniak – co-founder of Apple Inc.
  • Cliff Yiskis – retired NASCAR driver

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