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Plymouth Argyle
Plymouth Argyle's crest: The initials " underneath a shield featuring a ship called the Mayflower in full sail.
Full name Plymouth Argyle Football Club
Nickname(s) The Pilgrims
Founded 1886; 137 years ago (1886), as Argyle F.C.
Ground Home Park
Ground Capacity 17,900
Owner Simon Hallett
Chairman Simon Hallett
Manager Steven Schumacher
League League Two
2018–19 League One, 21st of 24 (relegated)
Third colours

Plymouth Argyle Football Club is a professional football club based in the city of Plymouth, Devon, England. As of the 2021–22 season, the team are competing in League One, the third tier of English football. They have played at Home Park, known as the "Theatre of Greens", since 1901. Argyle are one of two Devon clubs who compete in the Football League, the other being Exeter City F.C., Argyle's local rivals.

The club takes its nickname, "The Pilgrims", from an English religious group that left Plymouth for the New World in 1620. The club crest features the Mayflower, the ship that carried the pilgrims to Massachusetts. The club has predominantly played in green and white throughout their history, with a few exceptions in the late 1960s and early 1970s when white was the colour of choice. A darker shade of green, described (by some) as Argyle green, was adopted in the 2001–02 season, and has been used ever since. The city of Plymouth is the largest in England fielding a League club to never to have hosted top-flight football. They are the most southerly and westerly League club in England and the only professional club named Argyle.

Originally founded simply as Argyle in 1886, the club turned professional and entered both the Southern League and Western League as Plymouth Argyle in 1903. They won the Western League title in 1904–05 and the Southern League title in 1912–13, before winning election into the Football League Third Division in 1920. Finishing as runners-up on six consecutive occasions, they eventually won promotion as Third Division South champions under the long-serving management of Bob Jack in 1929–30. A 20-year stay in the Second Division ended in 1950, though they returned again as Third Division South champions in 1951–52. After another relegation in 1956 they again proved too strong for the third tier, winning the Third Division title not long after in 1958–59.

Argyle were relegated out of the Second Division in 1968, 1977 and 1992, having won promotion out of the Third Division as runners-up in 1974–75 and 1985–86. They were relegated into the fourth tier for the first time in 1995, and though they would win immediate promotion in 1995–96, they were relegated again in 1998. Promoted as champions under Paul Sturrock with 102 points in 2001–02, they secured a record fifth third tier league title in 2003–04, and would remain in the Championship for six seasons until administration and two successive relegations left them in League Two by 2011. In 2016–17 Argyle won promotion to League One, and again in 2019–20 following relegation the previous season.


Much speculation surrounds the origin of the name Argyle. One explanation is that the club was named after the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, an army regiment with a strong football side of its own. Another theory is given by the local geography, suggesting the name comes either from the nearby public house, The Argyle Tavern, where the founder members may have met, or from a local street Argyle Terrace.

The club adopted its current name when it became fully professional in 1903.


The club was founded in 1886 as Argyle Football Club, the first match taking place on 16 October 1886.

PlymouthArgyleFC League Performance
Chart of table positions of Plymouth Argyle in the Football League

The club was disbanded 1894, before being resurrected in 1897 as one part of a general sports club, the Argyle Athletic Club. The club joined the Southern League in 1903 becoming professional in the process. Argyle won the Southern League in 1912–13, then in 1920–21 entered the Football League Third Division as a founder member, along with most of the Southern League, where they finished 11th in their first season.

Between 1921–22 and 1926–27, Argyle finished second in the new Third Division South six seasons in a row, thereby missing promotion. Argyle eventually won promotion to Football League Division Two in 1929–30, when they topped the Third Division South, with attendances that season regularly reaching 20,000. Manager Bob Jack resigned in 1937, having spent a grand total of 27 years in charge of the Pilgrims.

Argyle's 20-year stay in Division Two came to an end in 1949–50 after finishing 21st – two points short of survival. They were back in Division Two before long, after winning the Third Division South in 1951–52. The closest they ever came to playing in the Football League First Division (top tier) was in 1952–53, when they reached fourth place in the Football League Second Division, their highest finish to date. They were relegated again in 1955–56, just 3 points behind Notts County. The Pilgrim's reputation as a 'yo-yo club' continued after they won Division Three – by then a national league – in 1958–59. Argyle returned to Division Three after relegation in 1967–68.

After spending six years in Division Three, Argyle finally returned to Division Two in 1974–75, but they were back down again in 1976–77.

Since then, the team has wavered between the 2nd and 3rd tier, before being double relegated in 2010–11. That was directly due to the club having been declared insolvent, following which they were deducted the 10 points they needed for survival. The club returned to the 3rd tier after finishing second in 2016–17.

On 14 August 2018, it was announced that shareholder Simon Hallett had purchased part of James Brent's stake in the club, and had become the new majority shareholder and owner, and that former director, David Felwick, would return to the club as chairman when Brent stepped down on 31 October 2018. However, on 10 October 2018, it was reported that David Felwick was unable to take over as chairman, citing personal reasons, so on 1 November 2018, Hallett became both majority owner and chair of Plymouth Argyle.


Outside view of the Devonport Stand

The original ground of the professional club at Home Park was destroyed by German bombers during the Blitz on Plymouth in World War II. Having been rebuilt after the war, Home Park was largely demolished as part of an extensive process of renovation, and the first phase of a new stadium built by Barrs plc was completed in May 2002. The new Devonport End was opened for the 2001 Boxing Day fixture with Torquay United. The other end, the Barn Park End, opened on the same day. The Lyndhurst stand reopened on 26 January 2002 for the game against Oxford United. Plans are currently under discussion regarding the completion of the refurbishment of the ground with the replacement of the Mayflower stand. The ground is situated in Central Park, very near to the residential area of Peverell. Towards the end of the 2005–06 Championship season, the club decided to buy the stadium for £2.7 million from Plymouth City Council, releasing the ground from a 125-year lease. This purchase was concluded in December 2006.

In the summer of 2007, the club, having failed to persuade the UK authorities of the case for retaining a standing terrace, decided to add 3,500 temporary seats to the Mayflower enclosure, dropping the capacity to 19,888 from 20,922. In December 2009 it was announced that the stadium was to be one of 12 chosen to host matches during the World Cup 2018, should England's bid be successful. The then Argyle chairman Paul Stapleton stated that work on a new South Stand at Home Park would start in 2010. However, England failed to be chosen for the 2018 tournament, and Plymouth Argyle entered administration in March 2011. After selling the stadium back to the council on 14 October 2011 for £1.6 million, this project was in serious doubt.

The club was then taken over by local business owner James Brent, who submitted fresh plans to build a new Mayflower Grandstand with a 5,000 seating capacity, and an associated leisure complex. The plans include an ice rink with 1,500 spectator seats, a 10 screen cinema complex with an iMax screen, a 120 bedroom hotel and 4,200m sq retail units. Planning permission for the project was granted on 15 August 2013. The development was due to commence in September 2013, with the demolition of the old stand planned for late October 2013 after the Portsmouth home match. As of June 2015, the plans have been withdrawn, though planning permission still remains.

The family section of the stadium was moved from block 1 of the Devonport End to the 'Zoo corner' between the Lyndhurst Stand and the Barn Park End, with a kids activities zone in the concourse.

In January 2017, director Simon Hallett invested £5,000,000 into the club, along with all other directors exchanging previous loans into equity, with the intention on using the money for renovating the Mayflower Grandstand. No immediate timeframe was put on the renovations, but chairman James Brent indicated work is planned to start in 2018, finishing in 2020 ahead of the Plymouth 2020 Mayflower celebrations.

Later that month, temporary seating was once again put in place on the Grandstand, this time as a one-off for an FA Cup 3rd round replay vs Liverpool. The seating was kept in place for the next home match, a League 2 game vs Devon rivals Exeter City, but tickets were not on sale to the general public. Shortly after this game, the seating was removed.


The club's traditional rivals are fellow Devon sides Exeter City and Torquay United; other less intense rivalries exist with Swindon Town, Portsmouth, Bristol City and Bristol Rovers.


Current squad

No. Position Player
1 England GK Michael Cooper
2 England DF James Bolton
3 England DF Macaulay Gillesphey
4 England MF Jordan Houghton
5 Wales DF James Wilson (vice-captain)
6 England DF Dan Scarr
7 England MF Matt Butcher
8 England MF Joe Edwards (captain)
9 Scotland FW Ryan Hardie
10 England MF Danny Mayor
11 England FW Niall Ennis
14 England MF Mickel Miller
No. Position Player
15 England MF Conor Grant
16 England FW Sam Cosgrove (on loan from Birmingham City)
17 England MF Bali Mumba (on loan from Norwich City)
18 Republic of Ireland MF Finn Azaz (on loan from Aston Villa)
19 England FW Morgan Whittaker (on loan from Swansea City)
20 England MF Adam Randell
21 Netherlands DF Nigel Lonwijk (on loan from Wolverhampton Wanderers)
22 Zimbabwe DF Brendan Galloway
23 New Zealand FW Ben Waine
24 England DF Saxon Earley
25 England GK Callum Burton
36 England DF Finley Craske

Out on loan

No. Position Player
27 England DF Ryan Law (on loan at Gillingham)
31 Wales FW Luke Jephcott (on loan at Swindon Town)
32 England GK Adam Parkes (on loan at Plymouth Parkway)
37 England DF Brandon Pursall (on loan at Tavistock)

Retired numbers

  • 12 – The Green Army (supporters)

Youth & reserves squad

Under–18 team

No. Position Player
42 England MF Jack Endacott
43 England DF Oscar Halls
44 Wales MF Will Jenkins-Davies
46 England FW Kieran Edworthy
48 Wales FW Freddie Issaka
49 England MF Caleb Roberts
50 England GK Zak Baker
51 Wales MF Jeffrey Forkuo
52 England GK James Morley
No. Position Player
53 England DF Samuel N'Sapu
54 England DF Lewis Colwill
55 England FW Henry Donovan
57 England DF Cole Gibbings
58 England GK Matthew Martin
59 England DF Jack Matthews
60 England MF Harley Sneap
61 England MF Finley Wilkes


Plymouth Argyle Reserves
Plymouth Argyle F.C. logo.svg
League EFL Youth Alliance

Through the 1960s and 70s, Argyle's Reserve team played in the Plymouth & Devon Combination League, with their home games at Cottage Field, next to Home Park. Argyle later entered into The Football Combination, before withdrawing from the Combination in mid-season in 1981–82, for financial reasons. In 1982 the side entered the Western Football League, leaving at the end of the 1992–93 season.

The club had also entered a team in the South Western League, but withdrew from that competition after one season in 2007. The club's reserve team, up to the end of the 2010–11 season, played in The Football Combination, and confirmed their withdrawal from it on 27 June 2011, alongside 18 other Football League clubs.

The reserves' honours include the Southern League Championship in 1922, 1926, 1929, 1934 and its League Cup in 1933, 1934 and 1936; 1934 was the first Southern League Double.

For the 2015–16 season, Argyle entered a team into the South West Peninsula League Division One West, with home matches originally planned to be played at Bickleigh Barracks, before a change of plan saw them played at Seale-Hayne, dubbed 'Hodges Park' after club legend Kevin Hodges, outside Newton Abbot. After applying for promotion and finishing 2nd behind Mousehole, the reserves side were promoted to the Premier Division for the 2016–17 season. The team again moved grounds, playing their games at the home of the Devon FA, Coach Road, in Newton Abbot and finished 6th in 2016–17.

In April 2019 it was announced that Argyle Reserves were pulling out of the South West Peninsula League at the end of the season. A new development team, run by the Argyle Community Trust would enter the new Devon Football League for the 2019–20 season.

Women's squad

Plymouth Argyle W.F.C.
Plymouth Argyle F.C. logo.svg
Ground Manadon Sports Hub, Plymouth
Manager Ryan Perks
League FA Women's National League South
No. Position Player
1 England DF Jasmine Read
2 England DF Sophie Perrin
3 England DF Rosie Train
4 England MF Jemma Rose
5 Greece DF Panagiota Papaioannou
6 England MF Lucy Hack
7 England FW Charlotte Whitmore
8 England MF Kayley Lane
9 England FW Kaitlyn Morgan-Hemmens
10 England MF Zoe Cunningham
No. Position Player
11 England FW Amber Pollock
13 England FW Katie Dickson
16 England MF Georgia Wilson
17 England DF Tiana Campbell
18 England MF Imy Crawford
19 England DF Ruby Murphy
20 England FW Beth Ireland
22 England FW Anna Barnes
23 England FW Rosie McDonnell
27 England FW Lily Greenslade

Player of the Year

Young Player of the Year

Noted former players

For details on former players who have a Wikipedia article, see: Category:Plymouth Argyle F.C. players.

Team of the century

For the centenary celebrations, an all-time best team of Plymouth Argyle players was chosen by fans of the club.

1 England GK Jim Furnell
2 England DF Gordon Nisbet
3 England DF Jack Chisholm
4 Republic of Ireland DF Graham Coughlan
5 England DF Colin Sullivan
6 England MF Kevin Hodges
7 England MF Johnny Williams
8 England MF Garry Nelson
9 England FW Tommy Tynan
10 England FW Paul Mariner
11 Scotland MF Sammy Black

Manager: Scotland Paul Sturrock

World Cup players

The following players were chosen to represent their country at the FIFA World Cup while contracted to Plymouth Argyle.

Club officials

Boardroom positions

Position Name Nationality
Chairman: Simon Hallett England English
Chief Executive: Andrew Parkinson England English
Director: Paul Berne England English
Director: Jane Chafer England English
Director: Trevor East England English
Director: Richard Holliday England English
Director: Michael Mincberg United States American
Director: John Morgan Wales Welsh
Director: Nick Giannotti United States American


In 2019, Simon Hallett raised his stake in the club to 97%, with Richard Holliday holding the remaining minority. In August 2022, an American investment group named Argyle Green, LLC purchased 20% of the club, and appointed Michael Mincberg to the board of directors. Among this consortium were NHL players Ondřej Palát and Victor Hedman, and NBA Executive Jon Horst.

Club officials

Position Name
Club President:
Club Secretary: Zac Newton
Head of Facilities & Support Services Gavin Priest
Head of Commercial Operations: James Greenacre
Head of Marketing: Jamie Yabsley
Head of Conferencing & Events: Christian Kent
Head of Finance: David Ray
Player Liaison Officer & Administration Officer: Ellen Shine

Coaching positions

First Team

Position Name Nationality
Director of Football: Neil Dewsnip England English
Manager: Steven Schumacher England English
Assistant Manager: Mark Hughes England English
First Team Coach: Kevin Nancekivell England English
Fitness & Conditioning Coach: Elliot Turner England English
Goalkeeping Coach: Darren Behcet England English
Club Doctor: Peter Pollak England English
Head of Physio: Gareth Law England English
Physiotherapist: Alex Kay England English
Sports Therapist: Abner Bruzzichessi Brazil Brazilian
Head of Recruitment: Jimmy Dickinson England English
Scout: Charlie Allen England English
Head of Football Data: Ross Goodwin Scotland Scottish
Data Analyst: Joe Whittaker England English
Lead Performance Analyst: Sam Morcom England English
Performance Analyst: Harry Powell England English
Kit & Equipment Manager: Neil Lunnon England English
Assistant Kit & Equipment Manager: Sean Porter-Nail England English

Youth Team/Academy

Position Name Nationality
Academy Manager: Phil Stokes England English
Academy Centre of Excellence Manager: Alex Bressington England English
Head of Academy Coaching: Lee Hodge England English
Head of Academy Operations: George Roberts England English
Professional Development Phase Co-ordinator 17–21: Darren Way England English
Youth Development Phase Co-ordinator 12–16 : Jamie Lowry England English
Youth Development Phase Co-ordinator 5–11 : Dan Thompson England English
Academy Goalkeeping Coach : Rhys Wilmot Wales Welsh
Academy Physiotherapist: Tom Hunter England English
Sports Therapist: Ben Holland England English
Academy Sports Scientist : Vacant
Academy Scout : Matt Wood England English
Academy Head of Recruitment: Vacant
Youth Administrator: Pete Bellamy England English

Managerial history


Plymouth Argyle's list of honours include the following.

  • Third Division / League One (Tier 3)
    • Champions (4): 1929–30, 1951–52, 1958–59, 2003–04
    • Runners-up (8): 1921–22, 1922–23, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1974–75, 1985–86
  • Southern Football League (Tier 3)
    • Champions (1): 1912–13
    • Runners-up (2): 1907–08, 1911–12
  • Fourth Division / League Two (Tier 4)
    • Champions (1): 2001–02
    • Runners-up (1): 2016–17
    • Promotion (1): 2019–20
    • Play-off winners (1): 1995–96
  • Western Football League
    • Champions (1): 1904–05
    • Runners-up (1): 1906–07
  • South West Regional League
    • Champions (1): 1939–40


Club records

  • Best FA Cup performance
    • Semi-final, 1983–84
  • Best League Cup performance
    • Semi-final, 1964–65, 1973–74
  • Record attendance at Home Park: 43,596
  • Record unbeaten run: 25 games
    • April to December 1929
  • Joint Record victory: 8–1
  • Joint Record victory: 7–0
  • Record League defeat: 0–9
  • Record FA Cup victory: 6–0
    • vs Corby Town, FA Cup Third round, 22 January 1966.
  • Record FA Cup defeat: 1–7
  • Record League Cup victory: 4–0
    • vs Portsmouth, League Cup Second round, 9 October 1973.
  • Record League Cup defeat: 0–6
  • Most League points (2 for a win): 68
  • Most League points (3 for a win): 102
  • Fewest League points (2 for a win): 27
  • Fewest League points (3 for a win): 41
  • Most points away in one season: 45
    • 2016–17 EFL League Two
  • Most League goals: 107
  • Most goals in a season: 33
  • Most goals in one match: 5
  • Fastest five goals
    • Argyle defeated Chesterfield 7–0 at Home Park to record their joint biggest win. In the process they also broke the English record for the fastest five goals scored in a professional game–after just 17 minutes. The goalscorers were: Lee Hodges (4 minutes), Tony Capaldi (11 minutes), Nathan Lowndes (12 & 17 minutes) and David Friio (16 minutes). Friio went on to complete his hat-trick, scoring in the 36th and 89th minutes. Football League Second Division, 3 January 2004.


Most appearances

# Name Argyle career Appearances Goals
1 England Hodges, KevinKevin Hodges 1978–1992 620 87
2= Scotland Black, SammySammy Black 1924–1938 491 184
2= England Wotton, PaulPaul Wotton 1995–2008
491 66
4 Scotland Craig, FredFred Craig 1912–1915
467 5
5 England Williams, JohnnyJohnny Williams 1955–1966 448 55
6= England Hore, JohnnyJohnny Hore 1965–1975 441 17
6= England Jones, PatPat Jones 1947–1958 441 2
8 Republic of Ireland Evans, MichaelMichael Evans 1990–1997
432 81
9 England Leslie, JackJack Leslie 1921–1934 401 136
10 Wales Russell, MosesMoses Russell 1914–1915
400 6

Most goals

# Name Argyle career Goals Appearances Game/goal ratio
1 Scotland Black, SammySammy Black 1924–1938 184 491 2.668
2 England Carter, WilfWilf Carter 1957–1964 148 275 1.858
3 England Tynan, TommyTommy Tynan 1983–1985
145 310 2.137
4 England Leslie, JackJack Leslie 1921–1934 136 401 2.948
5 England Tadman, MauriceMaurice Tadman 1947–1955 112 253 2.258
6 England Vidler, JackJack Vidler 1929–1939 103 256 2.485
7 England Burch, FredFred Burch 1906–1915 92 239 2.597
8 England Hodges, KevinKevin Hodges 1978–1992 87 620 7.126
9 England Bowden, RayRay Bowden 1927–1933 85 153 1.800
10= England Dews, GeorgeGeorge Dews 1947–1955 81 271 3.345
10= Republic of Ireland Mickey Evans 1990–1997
81 432 5.333
12 England Bickle, MikeMike Bickle 1965–1971 71 179 2.521


The club's current sportswear manufacturer is Puma. The club's main sponsor is Ginsters. Shirt sponsorship was not introduced by the club until 1983. Beacon Electrical was the first company to have its name on the shirt of Plymouth Argyle, but it lasted just one season. Ivor Jones Insurance was the next sponsor and their agreement with the club lasted for two seasons. National & Provincial (now merged with Abbey National) were sponsors for the 1986–87 season before the club signed an agreement with the Sunday Independent which would last for five seasons. Rotolok Holdings plc became the club's major sponsor in 1992, which was owned by then Pilgrims chairman Dan McCauley. This lasted for six seasons before the club linked up with local newspaper the Evening Herald. Between 2002 and 2011 the club was sponsored by Cornish pasty-makers Ginsters.

In 2011 with the club still in administration, local timber merchant WH Bond Timber sponsored Argyle's kits at first for the 2011–12 season and until the end of the 2013–14 season. Local construction access company LTC Group87 then sponsored Argyle from the start of the 2014–15 season, having their LTC Powered Access branch's logo on the shirts. Cornwall-based company Ginsters then came back for a second spell as main sponsor in the 2016–17 season.

Period Sportswear Sponsor
1975–1976 Umbro None
1976–1978 Pilgrim
1978–1980 Bukta
1980–1982 Adidas
1982–1983 Pilgrim
1983–1984 Beacon Electrical
1984–1986 Ivor Jones Insurance
1986–1987 National & Provincial
1987–1990 Umbro Sunday Independent
1990–1992 Ribero
1992–1996 Admiral Rotolok
1996–1998 Super League
1998–1999 Errea Evening Herald
1999–2002 Patrick
2002–2003 Ginsters
2003–2005 TFG
2005–2009 Puma
2009–2011 Adidas
2011–2014 Puma WH Bond Timber
2014–2016 LTC Powered Access
2016–Present Ginsters
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