Spalding, Lincolnshire facts for kids
Spalding Water Taxi on the Coronation Channel
|Spalding shown within Lincolnshire|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||90 mi (140 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Spalding is a market town with a population of 28,722 at the 2011 census, on the River Welland in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England. Little London is a hamlet directly south of Spalding on the B1172, whilst Pinchbeck, a village to the north, is part of the built-up area.
The town was well known for its annual Spalding Flower Parade, dating from 1959, which attracted many regular visitors from around the world. The parade celebrated the region's vast tulip production and the cultural links between the Fens and the landscape and people of South Holland. At one time, it attracted crowds up more than 100,000, but attendance decreased to fewer than 40,000 in 2012.
That year, two local councils announced they would no longer fund the parade, and the 2013 parade was the last. Since 2002 the town has held an annual Pumpkin Festival, not linked to Hallowe'en, in October.
Archeological excavations at Wygate Park in Spalding have shown that there has been occupation in this area from at least the Roman period, when this part of Lincolnshire was used for the production of salt. It was a coastal siltland. At Wygate Park salt making seems to have come to an end by the mid-3rd century AD; climatic change and flooding may have made such activities difficult, causing the practice to die out.
The settlement's name is derived from an Anglian tribe, the Spaldingas, who settled in the area during the 6th century. They may have retained their administrative independence within the Kingdom of Mercia into the late 9th century, when Stamford became one of the Five Boroughs of the East Midlands under Danish control after years of invasion and occupation.
In John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887), Spalding was described as a:
"market town and par. with ry. sta., Lincolnshire, on River Welland, 14 m. SW. of Boston, 12,070 ac., pop. 9260; P.O., T.O., three Banks, two newspapers. Market-day, Tuesday. Spalding is an important railway centre, while the river has been made navigable to the town for vessels of from 50 to 70 tons. It is situated in a rich agricultural district, and has a large trade, by river and by rail, in corn, wool, coal, and timber. It has also flour, bone, and saw mills, breweries, and coach works. There are remains of a priory of 1501, a fine old church (restored 1860), a grammar school, a corn exchange, and a spacious market place."
Draining of the Fens
The River Welland flows north from Crowland, through Spalding and passing the village and port of Fosdyke before leading out to the Wash, bisecting Spalding from east to west; the town has developed as a linear settlement around the river. Land had been reclaimed from the wetlands in the area since mediaeval times, and Spalding was subject to frequent flooding. The Coronation Channel, opened in 1953, diverted the excess waters around Spalding and ended the flooding. The area around the banks has been developed for residential and business use. Although this area has become heavily built up, there is much recreational use of the river and fishing is still popular.
In July 2005 a "Spalding Water Taxi" service was launched, running from Easter to late October. Its route is from just off Spalding's High Street, upstream along the river, turning into the Coronation Channel, and then to Springfields Outlet Shopping & Festival Gardens, and back. It is mainly used as a recreational tourist attraction.
Around the north-west of Spalding is a large waterway called Vernatt's Drain, named after one of the Adventurers who drained the Fens in the 17th century. Philibert Vernatti was made a baronet on 7 June 1643.
A South Holland council nature reserve is situated on part of the old Boston railway line at Vernatts Drain. The Drain runs from the pumping station at Pode Hole to Surfleet Seas End.
Fulney Lock is the point where the Welland is no longer tidal. Spalding falls within the drainage area of the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board.
The town has a population of about 28,000 (31,000 including the large village of Pinchbeck, to the north). The population is growing fast, with increases due to retired people settling here, as well as migrant workers from eastern Europe coming to work in the many food processing factories or in agriculture.
Landmarks and facilities
Ayscoughfee Hall dates from the 15th-century and is now operated as a museum. St Mary and St Nicolas was built in 1284 by William de Littleport of Spalding Priory. The tower and spire were added in 1360.
St John the Baptist, was built in 1875, at the same time as the adjacent Church school. St Paul's at Fulney, on the eastern side of the town, was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in 1880 after his death.
Other local attractions are the Pinchbeck Engine Museum (just north of Spalding), the Bulb Museum (situated at Birch Grove Garden Centre, Pinchbeck) and the Gordon Boswell Romany Museum, to the south of the town. The Chain Bridge Forge is a 19th-century blacksmith's forge on the River Welland; many of its original features have been preserved and it is operated as a museum.
The Chatterton Tower is near Sainsburys.
Spalding War Memorial is located in the grounds of Ayscoughfee Hall and commemorates the 224 men from the town killed in the First World War. It was conceived by Barbara McLaren, the widow of the town's MP Francis McLaren, and designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, known for his war memorials including the Cenotaph on Whitehall in London. It takes the form of a pavilion and a Stone of Remembrance at the head of a long reflecting pool; the names of the fallen are inscribed on the back wall of the pavilion.
Commercial and civic buildings
Several supermarkets are available to locals: a small Tesco Express store, a Sainsbury's, a Lidl and an Aldi in the centre of the town, a Marks and Spencer Food Hall, and a Morrisons in Pinchbeck. Outside of the town centre, Springfields Shopping Outlet and Gardens offer a wide range of outlet stores set in a variety of landscaped gardens designed by Charlie Dimmock and Chris Beardshaw among others. The Castle Sports Complex provides fitness facilities throughout the day and evening. The South Holland Centre is an arts centre on Market Place that stages concerts, theatre productions and film showings.
History of the barcode
On 7 October 1979, the first barcode was used in the UK at Key Markets in Spalding.
A new £425m, 860MW combined cycle gas turbine power station, owned by Intergen, was built on the former site of British Sugar on West Marsh Road by Bechtel in October 2004. Intergen have also consented to build a second 900 MW expansion to its existing Power station, which is due to commence construction 2011. In mid-2006 a new wind farm (operated by Wind Prospect UK in nearby Deeping St Nicholas) became visible from much of Spalding.
Spalding, like nearby Boston, is a regular destination of heavy goods vehicles transporting processed vegetables and other food produce. The A16 used to pass through the town until August 1995, when the Spalding-Sutterton Improvement (by-pass) was opened, built mostly on the closed Spalding to Boston railway line. The twelve-mile (19 km) A1073 between Spalding and Eye Green in Peterborough has been replaced by a completely new road classified as the A16, replacing the previous A16 that ran to Stamford. The older road has been renumbered as the A1175.
Spalding railway station is situated on the Lincoln Central - Peterborough railway line, operated by East Midlands Trains. The service is irregular, and it does not run at night or on Sundays. It does provide convenient access to Peterborough for employment and shopping. The service to Peterborough was withdrawn by BR in October 1970 as part of the closure of the East Lincolnshire route from Grimsby and Boston, but reinstated in June 1971 with a grant from Spalding Urban District Council. This was one of the first examples of this type of rail support in the UK, and was not advocated in the Beeching Report.
The section of the Great Northern & Great Eastern 'Joint' line from March, which carried the 'Boat Train' between Harwich and Sheffield, closed in 1982. The trackbed has largely been built over at the south of the town for housing. There has been encroachment towards Cowbit for new road construction.
Spalding was also on the east-west Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, which had Bourne to the West and Holbeach to the east. It closed in February 1959, ending through passenger services from Leicester to Great Yarmouth via King's Lynn and Norwich. Local freight, mainly farm produce, continued to be carried between Bourne and Sutton Bridge until 1964.
On 4 May 2002, Spalding had the honour of having a main line diesel locomotive named after it. Class 31 diesel No. 31106, in immaculate condition after a major works overhaul, hauled the ‘St James Tripper’ excursion to Peterborough from Preston via Doncaster, Lincoln and Sleaford, and made a brief stop at the station to have its ‘Spalding Town’ nameplates unveiled by Colin Fisher, Chairman of South Holland District Council. No. 31106 is the property of Cambridgeshire businessman and author Howard Johnston, who was born at nearby Cowbit and educated in the town. In 2012, the locomotive was still on hire to Rail Vehicle Engineering Limited and employed on Network Rail track measurement trains all over the United Kingdom. A replica 'Spalding Town' nameplate has been presented to SHDC for public display.
Spalding has a local radio station, called Tulip Radio, broadcasting on 107.5FM.
- 1015 - a Benedictine Priory was founded by Thorold de Bokenhale
- 1086 - the town is recorded in the Domesday book as 'Spallinge'
- 1284(c) - St Mary and St Nicolas, Spalding was built as a parish church by the priory under Prior William de Littleport de Kurphery Frederick.
- 1377 - The White Hart Inn of the Market Place is built
- 1430s - Ayscoughfee Hall built by Richard Alwyn
- 1566 - Mary, Queen of Scots, stopped overnight at the White Hart in the Market Place
- 1588 - The Spalding Grammar School, originally located within the parish church, was founded.
- 1590s - Spalding's first drains constructed.
- 1650 - Sir John Gamlyn founded almshouses in Spalding.
- 1688 - Maurice Johnson was born at Ayscoughfee Hall in Spalding on 19 June.
- 1710 - Maurice Johnson founded the Spalding Gentlemen's Society Museum, which is now the second-oldest museum in the country.
- 1768 - Holland House, described as the finest house in Spalding, was built by William Sands Junior.
- 1774 - Matthew Flinders was born at nearby Donington on 16 March. He went on to discover most of southern Australia.
- 1801 - The population of Spalding according to the census was 3,296.
- 1805 - The Friends Meeting House was built in Double Street.
- 1826 - Spalding's last house of correction was built. It closed down in 1884.
- 1831 - The population of Spalding according to the census was 6,497.
- 1838 - The High Bridge over the River Welland was re-built.
- 1842 - The Sessions House in Sheep Market was built.
- 1847 - The Spalding Free Press newspaper was founded.
- 1848 - The Great Northern Railway opened their railway station in Spalding.
- 1851 - The population of Spalding according to the census was 8,829.
- 1852 - William Bramwell Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, accepts leadership of the Methodist Reform circuit in Spalding.
- 1854 - Spalding Cemetery was consecrated in November.
- 1855-56 - The Corn Exchange was built.
- 1857 - The Butter Market was opened.
- 1858 - The police station was built.
- 1860 - An Act was passed to pipe fresh water to Spalding from Bourne.
- 1866 - Spalding Amateur Dramatic Society formed.
- 1866-67 - St Mary and St Nicolas, Spalding was extensively restored by Sir George Gilbert Scott.
- 1870 - Goodfellows National School was opened.
- 1871 - The population of Spalding according to the census was 9,111.
- 1874 - The ecclesiastical parish of St. John the Baptist was formed on 1 December from the civil parishes of Spalding and Pinchbeck.
- 1875 - The Church of St John the Baptist and the primary school next door to it, with the same name, were built.
- 1875-76 - The Church of St. Peter, on the site of the old Abbey, was built.
- 1878 - Spalding's Roman Catholic church in Henrietta Street, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception and St. Norbert, was built.
- 1878 - Frank Pick was born, who became the CEO of London Passenger Transport Board and architect of the 'modern' typography still used on the Underground today.
- 1880 - St Paul's Church in Fulney was built to designs drawn up by Sir George Gilbert Scott, a member of the Spalding Gentlemen’s Society - he also designed buildings for Boston, Lincolnshire, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire and other areas.
- 1881 - The present grammar school building in Priory Road was erected.
- 1884 - Spalding's last house of correction was closed. Part of the site is now occupied by Spalding Library.
- 1887 - The Methodist church in Broad Street was opened.
- 1891 - The population of Spalding according to the census was 9,014.
- 1916 - Spalding Arts and Crafts Society was founded by surgeons at the Johnson Hospital for convalescent soldiers wounded in the First World War. Spalding Town Council sponsored their first exhibition in 1918.
- 1921 - Spalding United F.C. was formed.
- 1923 - Spalding RFC was formed.
- 1941 - In May, during World War II, a stray Luftwaffe bomber dropped its bombs on Spalding, destroying much of Hall Place and causing damage to several businesses.
- 1958 - The first Spalding Flower Parade took place.
- 1959 - Closure of M&GN railway ends direct passenger services from Leicester to Great Yarmouth via Bourne, Holbeach, Long Sutton, Sutton Bridge, King's Lynn, Fakenham and Norwich
- 1960 - St Nicolas Players Amateur Dramatic Society was formed in Spalding. The group's name was based on their use of the St. Nicolas Church Hall for early meetings.
- 1965 - Spalding and District Amateur Radio Society formed.
- 1967 - Barbeque 67 took place, featuring the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Geno Washington, Cream and Pink Floyd. Jimi Hendrix stays at the Red Lion Hotel.
- 1970 - Closure of East Lincolnshire line ends direct rail services to Boston, and through services from Grimsby to London.
- 1974 - In April Spalding moves from Holland local authority (based in Boston) to the new South Holland council, based in Spalding. South Holland is the larger of the two former districts of Holland.
- 1977 - Location filming for episodes of BBC TV series Murder Most English, starring Anton Rodgers, based on novels by Lincolnshire author Colin Watson. The town was used for the fictional Flaxborough.
- 1982 - Closure of GN&GE 'Joint Line' railway to March.
- 2002 - Main line railway locomotive named 'Spalding Town' in ceremony at the station.
- 2008 - Tulip Radio was awarded a full-time broadcasting licence from Ofcom and announced that it would start broadcasting in early 2009.
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