List of Emperors of Japan facts for kids

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The List of Emperors of Japan presents the traditional order of succession. Records of the reigns of the Emperors of Japan were compiled according to the traditional Japanese calendar, and these traditional dates have been converted into the Western calendar format.

Emperors of Japan (660 BC–present)

No. Reign Portrait Posthumous name Personal name (imina) Notes
Legendary Emperors (660 BC – 269 AD)
1 660–585 BC Emperor Jimmu.jpg Emperor Jimmu Kan'yamato Iwarebiko   Traditional dates; claimed descent from the sun goddess, Amaterasu
2 581–549 BC Suizei thumb 1.jpg Emperor Suizei Kamu Nunagawamimi no Mikoto   Traditional dates; 3rd son of Jimmu; presumed legendary
3 549–511 BC Tennō Annei thumb.jpg Emperor Annei Shikitsuhiko Tamademi no Mikoto   Traditional dates; son and heir of Suizei; presumed legendary
4 510–476 BC Tennō Itoku thumb.jpg Emperor Itoku Oho Yamatohiko Sukitomo no Mikoto   Traditional dates; 2nd son of Annei; presumed legendary
5 475–393 BC Tennō Kōshō thumb.jpg Emperor Kōshō Mimatsuhiko Kaeshine no Mikoto   Traditional dates; son and heir of Itoku; presumed legendary
6 392–291 BC Tennō Kōan thumb.jpg Emperor Kōan Oho Yamato Tarasihiko Kunioshi Hito no Mikoto   Traditional dates; 2nd son of Kōshō; presumed legendary
7 290–215 BC Tennō Kōrei thumb.jpg Emperor Kōrei Oho Yamato Nekohiko Futoni no Mikoto   Traditional dates; son and heir of Kōan; presumed legendary
8 214–158 BC Tennō Kōgen thumb.gif Emperor Kōgen Oho Yamato Nekohiko Kuni Kuru no Mikoto   Traditional dates; son and heir of Kōrei; presumed legendary
9 157–98 BC Tennō Kaika thumb.jpg Emperor Kaika Waka Yamato Nekohiko Oho Bibino no Mikoto   Traditional dates; 2nd son of Kōgen; presumed legendary
10 97–30 BC Emperor Sujin.jpg Emperor Sujin Mimaki Irihiko Inie no Mikoto Traditional dates
11 29 BC–70 AD Emperor Suinin.jpg Emperor Suinin Ikume Irihiko Isachi no Mikoto Traditional dates
12 71–130 Emperor Keikō.jpg Emperor Keikō Oho Tarasihiko Osirowake no Mikoto Traditional dates
13 131–191 Emperor Seimu.jpg Emperor Seimu Waka Tarasihiko Traditional dates
14 192–200 Tennō Chūaii thumb.gif Emperor Chūai Tarasi Nakatsuhiko no Mikoto Traditional dates
201–269 Empress OKINAGA TARASI.JPG Empress Jingū Okinaga Tarashihime no Mikoto Traditional dates; served as regent for Emperor Ōjin; not counted among the officially numbered Emperors
Kofun period (270–539)
15 270–310 Emperor Ōjin.jpg Emperor Ōjin Honda no Sumera-mikoto / Ōtomowake no Mikoto / Homutawake no Mikoto Traditional dates; deified as Hachiman.
16 313–399 Nintoku-tennō detail.jpg Emperor Nintoku Ō Sazaki no Mikoto Traditional dates
17 400–405 No image.png Emperor Richū Isaho Wake no Mikoto Traditional dates
18 406–410 No image.png Emperor Hanzei Tajihi Mizuha Wake no Mikoto Traditional dates
19 411–453 Emperor Ingyō.jpg Emperor Ingyō Wo Asazuma Wakugo no Sukune Traditional dates
20 453–456 Emperor Ankō.jpg Emperor Ankō Anaho no Mikoto Traditional dates
21 456–479 Tennō Yūryaku detail.jpg Emperor Yūryaku Oho Hatsuse Wakatakeru no Mikoto Traditional dates
22 480–484 No image.png Emperor Seinei Siraka Takehiro Kuni Osi Waka Yamato Neko no Mikoto Traditional dates
23 485–487 Emperor Kenzō.jpg Emperor Kenzō Ohoke no Mikoto Traditional dates
24 488–498 Emperor Ninken.jpg Emperor Ninken Ohosi (Ohosu) no Mikoto/ Simano Iratsuko Traditional dates
25 498–506 No image.png Emperor Buretsu Wohatsuse Wakasazaki Traditional dates
26 507–531 Statue of Emperor Keitai.jpg Emperor Keitai Ōto/Hikofuto (Hikofuto no Mikoto/Ōdo no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
27 531–535 No image.png Emperor Ankan Hirokuni Oshitake Kanahi no Mikoto Traditional dates
28 535–539 No image.png Emperor Senka Takeo Hirokuni Oshitate no Mikoto Traditional dates
Asuka period (539–710)
29 539–571 Emperor Kinmei.jpg Emperor Kinmei Amekuni Oshiharuki Hironiwa no Sumera Mikoto Traditional dates; first Emperor with a direct possibility of existence
30 572–585 No image.png Emperor Bidatsu Osada no Nunakura no Futotamashiki no Mikoto Traditional dates
31 585–587 Yomeitenno.jpg Emperor Yōmei Ooe/Tachibana no Toyohi no Sumera Mikoto Traditional dates
32 587–592 No image.png Emperor Sushun Hatsusebe no (Wakasasagi) Mikoto Traditional dates
33 592–628 Empress Suiko.jpg Empress Suiko Nukatabe/Toyomike Kashikiyahime Traditional dates; first non-legendary female Emperor; Prince Shotoku acted as her regent
34 629–641 No image.png Emperor Jomei Tamura (Oki Nagatarashihi Hironuka no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
35 642–645 Empress Kogyoku-Saimei.jpg Empress Kōgyoku Takara (Ame Toyotakaraikashi Hitarashi Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates; reigned twice
36 645–654 No image.png Emperor Kōtoku Karu (Ame Yorozu Toyohi no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
37 655–661 Empress Kogyoku-Saimei.jpg Empress Saimei Takara (Ame Toyotakaraikashi Hitarashi Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates; second reign of Empress Kōgyoku
38 661–672 Hyakuninisshu 001.jpg Emperor Tenji Katsuragi/Nakano-ooe (Ame Mikoto Hirakasuwake no Mikoto/Amatsu Mikoto Sakiwake no Mikoto) Traditional dates
39 672 Emperor Kōbun.jpg Emperor Kōbun Ōtomo Traditional dates; usurped by Temmu; posthumously named (1870)
40 672–686 Emperor Tenmu.jpg Emperor Tenmu Ōama/Ohoshiama/Ōsama (Ame no Nunahara Oki no Mahito no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
41 686–697 Hyakuninisshu 002.jpg Empress Jitō Unonosarara (Takama no Harahiro no Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
42 697–707 Monmu.gif Emperor Monmu Karu (Ame no Mamune Toyoohoji no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
43 707–715 Empress Gemmei.jpg Empress Genmei Ahe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Mishiro Toyokuni Narihime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
Nara period (710–794)
43 707–715 Empress Gemmei.jpg Empress Genmei Ahe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Mishiro Toyokuni Narihime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
44 715–724 Empress Genshō.jpg Empress Genshō Hidaka/Niinomi (Yamatoneko Takamizu Kiyotarashi Hime no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
45 724–749 Emperor Shomu.jpg Emperor Shōmu Obito (Ameshirushi Kunioshiharuki Toyosakurahiko no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates
46 749–758 Empress Koken.jpg Empress Kōken Abe (Yamatoneko no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates; reigned twice
47 758–764 No image.png Emperor Junnin Ōi Traditional dates dethroned by Shōtoku; posthumously named (1870)
48 764–770 Empress Koken.jpg Empress Shōtoku Abe (Yamatoneko no Sumera Mikoto) Traditional dates; second reign of Empress Kōken
49 770–781 No image.png Emperor Kōnin Shirakabe (Amemune Takatsugi no Mikoto) Traditional dates
(posthumous reign) No image.png Prince Sawara (Sudō-Tennō) Sawara-shinnō Traditional dates. Only recorded instance of posthumously elevated Emperor
50 781–806 Emperor Kammu large.jpg Emperor Kanmu Yamabe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Hitsugi Iyaderi no Mikoto) Traditional dates
Heian period (794–1185)
50 781–806 Emperor Kammu large.jpg Emperor Kanmu Yamabe (Yamatoneko Amatsu Hitsugi Iyaderi no Mikoto) Traditional dates
51 806–809 No image.png Emperor Heizei Ate (Yamatoneko Ameoshikuni Takahiko no Mikoto) Traditional dates
52 809–823 Emperor Saga large.jpg Emperor Saga Kamino Traditional dates
53 823–833 No image.png Emperor Junna Ōtomo Traditional dates
54 833–850 No image.png Emperor Ninmyō Masara Traditional dates
55 850–858 Emperor Montoku.jpg Emperor Montoku Michiyasu Traditional dates
56 858–876 Emperor Seiwa.jpg Emperor Seiwa Korehito Traditional dates
57 876–884 Hyakuninisshu 013.jpg Emperor Yōzei Sadaakira Traditional dates
58 884–887 Tennō Kōkō.jpg Emperor Kōkō Tokiyasu Traditional dates
59 887–897 Emperor Uda large.jpg Emperor Uda Sadami Traditional dates
60 897–930 Emperor Daigo.jpg Emperor Daigo Atsuhito Traditional dates
61 930–946 No image.png Emperor Suzaku Yutaakira Traditional dates
62 946–967 Emperor Murakami.jpg Emperor Murakami Nariakira Traditional dates
63 967–969 No image.png Emperor Reizei Norihira Traditional dates
64 969–984 No image.png Emperor En'yū Morihira Traditional dates
65 984–986 Tennō Kazan detail.jpg Emperor Kazan Morosada Traditional dates
66 986–1011 Emperor Ichijō.jpg Emperor Ichijō Kanehito Traditional dates
67 1011–1016 Hyakuninisshu 068.jpg Emperor Sanjō Okisada/Iyasada Traditional dates
68 1016–1036 No image.png Emperor Go-Ichijō Atsuhira Traditional dates
69 1036–1045 No image.png Emperor Go-Suzaku Atsunaga/Atsuyoshi Traditional dates
70 1045–1068 No image.png Emperor Go-Reizei Chikahito Traditional dates
71 1068–1073 Emperor Gosanjō.jpg Emperor Go-Sanjō Takahito Traditional dates
72 1073–1087 Emperor Shirakawa.jpg Emperor Shirakawa Sadahito Traditional dates
73 1087–1107 No image.png Emperor Horikawa Taruhito Traditional dates
74 1107–1123 Emperor Toba.jpg Emperor Toba Munehito Traditional dates
75 1123–1142 Emperor Sutoku2.jpg Emperor Sutoku Akihito Traditional dates
76 1142–1155 No image.png Emperor Konoe Narihito Traditional dates
77 1155–1158 Emperor Go-Shirakawa2.jpg Emperor Go-Shirakawa Masahito Traditional dates
78 1158–1165 Nijotenno.jpg Emperor Nijō Morihito Traditional dates
79 1165–1168 No image.png Emperor Rokujō Yorihito Traditional dates
80 1168–1180 Emperor Takakura.jpg Emperor Takakura Norihito Traditional dates
81 1180–1185 Emperor Antoku.jpg Emperor Antoku Tokihito Traditional dates
Kamakura period (1185–1333)
82 1183–1198 Emperor Go-Toba.jpg Emperor Go-Toba Takahira Traditional dates
83 1198–1210 Emperor Tsuchimikado.jpg Emperor Tsuchimikado Tamehito Traditional dates
84 1210–1221 Emperor Juntoku large.jpg Emperor Juntoku Morihira/Morinari Traditional dates
85 1221 No image.png Emperor Chūkyō Kanehira/Kanenari Traditional dates; posthumously named (1870)
86 1221–1232 Emperor Go-Horikawa.jpg Emperor Go-Horikawa Yutahito Traditional dates
87 1232–1242 Emperor Shijō.jpg Emperor Shijō Mitsuhito/Tosihito Traditional dates
88 1242–1246 Emperor Go-Saga.jpg Emperor Go-Saga Kunihito Traditional dates
89 1246–1260 Emperor Go-Fukakusa.jpg Emperor Go-Fukakusa Hisahito Traditional dates
90 1260–1274 Emperor Kameyama.jpg Emperor Kameyama Tsunehito Traditional dates
91 1274–1287 Emperor Go-Uda2.jpg Emperor Go-Uda Yohito Traditional dates
92 1287–1298 Emperor Fushimi.jpg Emperor Fushimi Hirohito Traditional dates
93 1298–1301 Emperor Go-Fushimi.jpg Emperor Go-Fushimi Tanehito Traditional dates
94 1301–1308 Emperor Go-Nijō.jpg Emperor Go-Nijō Kuniharu Traditional dates
95 1308–1318 Tennō Hanazono detail.jpg Emperor Hanazono Tomihito Traditional dates
96 1318–1339 Emperor Godaigo.jpg Emperor Go-Daigo Takaharu Traditional dates; Southern Court
Northern Court (1333–1392)
1331–1333 Emperor Kōgon.jpg Emperor Kōgon Kazuhito Traditional dates
1336–1348 Emperor Kōmyō.jpg Emperor Kōmyō Yutahito Traditional dates
1348–1351 No image.png Emperor Sukō Okihito Traditional dates
1351–1352 Interregnum
1352–1371 Emperor Go-Kōgon.jpg Emperor Go-Kōgon Iyahito Traditional dates
1371–1382 Emperor Go-En'yū detail.jpg Emperor Go-En'yū Ohito Traditional dates
1382–1392 Emperor Go-Komatsu.jpg Emperor Go-Komatsu Motohito Traditional dates; reunified courts in 1392; see 100 below
Muromachi period (1333–1573)
96 1318–1339 Emperor Godaigo.jpg Emperor Go-Daigo Takaharu Traditional dates; Southern Court
97 1339–1368 Emperor Go-Murakami.jpg Emperor Go-Murakami Norinaga/Noriyoshi Traditional dates; Southern Court
98 1368–1383 No image.png Emperor Chōkei Yutanari Traditional dates; Southern Court
99 1383–1392 Emperor Go-Kameyama.jpg Emperor Go-Kameyama Hironari Traditional dates; Southern Court
100 1392–1412 Emperor Go-Komatsu.jpg Emperor Go-Komatsu Motohito Traditional dates; reunified courts; see also entry in Northern Court section above
101 1412–1428 No image.png Emperor Shōkō Mihito Traditional dates
102 1428–1464 Emperor Go-Hanazono.jpg Emperor Go-Hanazono Hikohito Traditional dates
103 1464–1500 No image.png Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado Fusahito Traditional dates
104 1500–1526 No image.png Emperor Go-Kashiwabara Katsuhito Traditional dates
105 1526–1557 Emperor Go-Nara.jpg Emperor Go-Nara Tomohito Traditional dates
106 1557–1586 Emperor Ogimachi2.jpg Emperor Ōgimachi Michihito Traditional dates
Azuchi–Momoyama period (1573–1603)
106 1557–1586 Emperor Ogimachi2.jpg Emperor Ōgimachi Michihito Traditional dates
107 1586–1611 Emperor Go-Yōzei2.jpg Emperor Go-Yōzei Kazuhito/Katahito Traditional dates
Edo period (1603–1867)
107 1586–1611 Emperor Go-Yōzei2.jpg Emperor Go-Yōzei Kazuhito/Katahito Traditional dates
108 1611–1629 Emperor Go-Mizunoo2.jpg Emperor Go-Mizunoo
(Go-Minoo)
Kotohito Traditional dates
109 1629–1643 Meisho of Japan.jpg Empress Meishō Okiko Traditional dates
110 1643–1654 Emperor Go-Kōmyō.jpg Emperor Go-Kōmyō Tsuguhito Traditional dates
111 1655–1663 Emperor Go-Sai.jpg Emperor Go-Sai Nagahito Traditional dates
112 1663–1687 Emperor Reigen.jpg Emperor Reigen Satohito Traditional dates
113 1687–1709 Emperor Higashiyama.jpg Emperor Higashiyama Asahito/Tomohito Traditional dates
114 1709–1735 Emperor Nakamikado.jpg Emperor Nakamikado Yasuhito/Yoshihito Traditional dates
115 1735–1747 Emperor Sakuramachi.jpg Emperor Sakuramachi Akihito Traditional dates
116 1747–1762 Emperor Momozono.jpg Emperor Momozono Toohito Traditional dates
117 1762–1771 Go-Sakuramachi cropped.jpg Empress Go-Sakuramachi Toshiko Traditional dates Last female Emperor. Abdicated; died in 1813
118 1771–1779 Emperor Go-Momozono.jpg Emperor Go-Momozono Hidehito Traditional dates
119 1780–1817 Emperor Kōkaku.jpg Emperor Kōkaku Morohito Traditional dates Last Emperor to abdicate for over two centuries. Died in 1840
120 1817–1846 Emperor Ninkō.jpg Emperor Ninkō Ayahito Traditional dates
121 1846–1867 The Emperor Komei.jpg Emperor Kōmei Osahito Last instance of an Emperor with multiple era names
Modern Japan (Imperial and Postwar) (1867–present)
122 1867–1912 Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan.jpg Emperor Meiji Mutsuhito First Emperor of the Empire of Japan
123 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō.jpg Emperor Taishō Yoshihito Crown Prince Hirohito served as Sesshō (Prince Regent) 1921–1926
124 1926–1989 Hirohito in dress uniform.jpg Emperor Shōwa Hirohito Served as Sesshō (Prince Regent) 1921–1926. Last Emperor of the Empire of Japan
125 1989–present Emperor Akihito cropped 2 Barack Obama Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko 20140424 1.jpg Emperor "Kinjō"
(Incumbent)
Akihito Referred to as Kinjō Tennō ("the Reigning Emperor") or Tennō Heika ("His Majesty the Emperor") in Japanese, and as "Emperor Akihito" in English. His posthumous name will be Emperor Heisei.
On 1 December 2017, Akihito announced that he will abdicate the Chrysanthemum Throne on 30 April 2019

Related pages


List of Emperors of Japan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.