Coral Gables, Florida facts for kids

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Coral Gables, Florida
City
City of Coral Gables
Downtown Coral Gables in April 2010
Downtown Coral Gables in April 2010
Flag of Coral Gables, Florida
Flag
Official seal of Coral Gables, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): "The City Beautiful", "The Gables"
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Flag of Miami-Dade County, Florida.png Miami-Dade
Incorporated April 29, 1925
Area
 • City 37.2 sq mi (96.2 km2)
 • Land 13.1 sq mi (62.2 km2)
 • Water 24.1 sq mi (34.0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (2.8 m)
Population (2013)
 • City 49,631
 • Density 3,621.2/sq mi (1,398.2/km2)
 • Metro 5,422,200
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 305, 786
FIPS code 12-14250
GNIS feature ID 0280801
Website www.CityBeautiful.net

Coral Gables (/ˌkɔːrəl ˈɡbəlz/), officially the City of Coral Gables, is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, located southwest of Downtown Miami. The United States Census Bureau estimates conducted in 2013 yielded the city had a population of 49,631. Coral Gables is home to the University of Miami.

History

Further information: History of Miami, Florida

Coral Gables was one of the first planned communities, and prefigured the development of the gated community and the homeowners association. It is infamous for its strict zoning regulations. The city was developed by George Merrick during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. The city's architecture is almost entirely Mediterranean Revival style, including the Coral Gables Congregational Church, donated by Merrick. The domed, Catholic Church of the Little Flower was built somewhat later, in a similar Spanish Renaissance style. By 1926, the city covered 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) and had netted $150 million in sales, with over $100 million spent on development.

Coral Gables Rapid Transit track n plaque
A section of historic Coral Gables Rapid Transit track on Segovia Avenue.

Merrick meticulously designed the downtown commercial district to be only four blocks wide and more than two miles (3 km) long. The main artery bisected the business district. Merrick could boast that every business in Coral Gables was less than a two-block walk. The city used to have an electric trolley system, which was replaced by the popularity of modern automobiles, but now a new free circulator trolley system, initiated in November 2003, runs down Ponce de León Boulevard.

In 1925, roughly simultaneous to the founding of Coral Gables, the city was selected as the home to the University of Miami, which was constructed that year on 240 acres (97 ha) of land just west of U.S. Route 1, approximately two miles south of downtown Coral Gables.

During World War II many Navy pilots and mechanics were trained and housed in Coral Gables.

Geography

Coral Gables is located at 25°43′42″N 80°16′16″W / 25.728228°N 80.270986°W / 25.728228; -80.270986. It is bordered on the west by Red Road (West 57th Avenue) north of Sunset Drive (South 72nd Street) and West 49th Avenue and Old Cutler Roads south of Sunset Drive. It is bordered on the north by Tamiami Trail/U.S. Route 41 (South 8th Street), except for a small section that extends north of 8th Street for eight blocks between Ponce de Leon Boulevard and Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue). On the east, it is bordered by Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue) north of South 26th Street, Monegro Street south of South 26th Street to Cadima Avenue, Ponce De Leon Boulevard south of Cadima Avenue to South Dixie Highway (U.S. Route 1), LeJeune Road (West 42nd Avenue) south of U.S. 1 to Battersea Road, and by Biscayne Bay south of Battersea Road. On the south, it is bordered by the Charles Deering Estate.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96 km2). 13.1 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 24.0 square miles (62 km2) of it (64.64%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Coral Gables, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31.1)
89
(31.7)
93
(33.9)
96
(35.6)
96
(35.6)
98
(36.7)
100
(37.8)
98
(36.7)
97
(36.1)
95
(35)
91
(32.8)
89
(31.7)
100
(37.8)
Average high °F (°C) 76
(24.4)
78
(25.6)
80
(26.7)
83
(28.3)
87
(30.6)
90
(32.2)
91
(32.8)
91
(32.8)
89
(31.7)
86
(30)
82
(27.8)
78
(25.6)
84
(28.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 68
(20)
70
(21.1)
73
(22.8)
76
(24.4)
80
(26.7)
83
(28.3)
84
(28.9)
84
(28.9)
83
(28.3)
80
(26.7)
75
(23.9)
71
(21.7)
77
(25)
Average low °F (°C) 60
(15.6)
62
(16.7)
65
(18.3)
68
(20)
73
(22.8)
76
(24.4)
77
(25)
77
(25)
77
(25)
74
(23.3)
68
(20)
63
(17.2)
70
(21.1)
Record low °F (°C) 28
(-2.2)
27
(-2.8)
32
(0)
39
(3.9)
50
(10)
60
(15.6)
66
(18.9)
67
(19.4)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
36
(2.2)
30
(-1.1)
27
(-2.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.62
(41.1)
2.33
(59.2)
3.00
(76.2)
3.14
(79.8)
5.34
(135.6)
9.67
(245.6)
6.50
(165.1)
8.88
(225.6)
9.86
(250.4)
6.33
(160.8)
3.27
(83.1)
2.04
(51.8)
61.98
(1,574.3)
Source: The Weather Channel (Monthly Averages)

Surrounding areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 5,697
1940 8,294 45.6%
1950 19,837 139.2%
1960 34,793 75.4%
1970 42,494 22.1%
1980 43,241 1.8%
1990 40,091 −7.3%
2000 42,249 5.4%
2010 46,780 10.7%
Est. 2015 51,117 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
Coral Gables Demographics
2010 Census Coral Gables Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 46,780 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +10.7% +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 3,621.2/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 91.0% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 40.1% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 3.0% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 53.6% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 2.7% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 1.8% 2.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 1.4% 3.2% 3.6%

As of 2010, there were 20,266 households, of which 11.4% were vacant. In 2000, 24.45% had children under the age of 18 living with them. In Coral Gables, 61.11% were family households, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.89% were non-families. The average household size was 2.36, and the average household had 1.68 vehicles.

In 2000, the city population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 14.58% from 18 to 24, 25.02% from 25 to 44, 27.01% from 45 to 64, and 16% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.44 years. The population consisted of 51.31% females and 48.69% males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $77,890, and the average household income was $125,899. The per capita income for the city was $48,811. About 5.94% of families and 3.55% of families with children were below the poverty line.

As of 2000, Spanish was spoken at home by 51.06% of residents, while English was the only language spoken at home by 43.83%. Other languages spoken by the population were French 1.09%, Portuguese 0.80%, Italian 0.72%, and German speakers made up 0.53% of the populace.

As of 2000, Coral Gables had the eighteenth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 28.72% of the populace. It also had the sixty-fourth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.27% of the city's population, and the sixteenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.17% of its population.

Today

Coral Way 20100321
Coral Way, one of the many scenic roads through the Gables

Coral Gables is known as a pedestrian-friendly destination. Located four miles from Miami International Airport, the "City Beautiful" has around 140 dining establishments and gourmet shops, and many notable international retailers. Among the landmarks in Coral Gables are the Venetian Pool, Douglas Entrance, the Miami Biltmore hotel, and many fine residences.

CoralGables3
Alhambra Circle is Coral Gables' primary financial street with numerous high-rise office buildings

Transportation

Coral Gables is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:

  •       Douglas Road (SW 37th Avenue and U.S. 1)
  •       University (Stanford Drive and U.S. 1)

The City of Coral Gables also provides a free trolley service, with a trolley running a continuous circuit up and down Ponce de Leon Boulevard during the day.

Coral Gables is served by rapid transit on Douglas Road at Douglas Road station, at the University of Miami at University station, and near Sunset Drive and Red Road at South Miami station, connecting the city with Downtown Miami and Miami International Airport.

Further information: Transportation in South Florida

Diplomatic missions

Several countries operate consulates in Coral Gables. They include Barbados, Colombia, El Salvador, Italy, Spain, the Principality of Monaco, St. Lucia, and Uruguay.

Several countries have honorary consulates located in Coral Gables, including Australia, Belize, Hungary, Senegal, St. Kitts & Nevis, Togo, and Thailand.

In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Miami, of the Republic of China, is located in Suite 610 at 2333 Ponce De Leon Boulevard.

Places of interest

  • Biltmore Hotel
  • Coral Gables Museum
  • Coral Way
  • Miracle Mile
  • Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
  • University of Miami
  • Venetian Pool
  • Village of Merrick Park

Festivals and events

  • Festival of Art, University of Miami, held in January
  • Carnival on the Mile, Miracle Mile, held in February/March
  • Festival Miami, University of Miami, Gusman Concert Hall, held in October
  • Junior Orange Bowl Festival, held in December–January

Gallery

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Florida

Coral Gables has six sister cities, according to the Coral Gables website:

In popular culture

The 2014 indie point and click adventure game, A Golden Wake, is based on the founding and development of Coral Gables in the 1920s.

The 2014 American comedy-drama television series, Looking, features a character named Augustin, who is from Coral Gables.

Images for kids


Coral Gables, Florida Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.