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Coral Gables, Florida
City of Coral Gables
Downtown Coral Gables in April 2010
Downtown Coral Gables in April 2010
Flag of Coral Gables, Florida
Flag
Official seal of Coral Gables, Florida
Seal
Nicknames: 
"The City Beautiful", "The Gables"
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Country United States
State Florida
County Flag of Miami-Dade County, Florida.png Miami-Dade
Incorporated April 29, 1925
Government
 • Type Council-manager
Area
 • City 37.31 sq mi (96.64 km2)
 • Land 12.93 sq mi (33.48 km2)
 • Water 24.38 sq mi (63.16 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (2.8 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City 49,248
 • Density 3,809.70/sq mi (1,470.93/km2)
 • Metro
5,422,200
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 305 and 786
FIPS code 12-14250
GNIS feature ID 0280801
Website www.CityBeautiful.net

Coral Gables, officially the City of Coral Gables, is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, located southwest of Downtown Miami. The city had a population of 49,700 as of the United States Census Bureau estimate of 2019. Coral Gables is a Mediterranean-themed planned community known for its historic and affluent character reinforced by its strict zoning, popular landmarks, and tourist sights.

Coral Gables is home to the University of Miami, whose main campus spans 239 acres (0.97 km2) in the city.

History

Coral Gables was one of the first planned communities, and prefigured the development of the gated community and the homeowners association. It is infamous for its strict zoning regulations. The city was developed by George Merrick during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. The city's architecture is almost entirely Mediterranean Revival style, including the Coral Gables Congregational Church, donated by Merrick. The domed, Catholic Church of the Little Flower was built somewhat later, in a similar Spanish Renaissance style. By 1926, the city covered 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) and had netted $150 million in sales, with over $100 million spent on development.

Coral Gables Rapid Transit track n plaque
A section of historic Coral Gables Rapid Transit track on Segovia Avenue.

Merrick meticulously designed the downtown commercial district to be only four blocks wide and more than two miles (3 km) long. The main artery bisected the business district. Merrick could boast that every business in Coral Gables was less than a two-block walk. The city used to have an electric trolley system, which was replaced by the popularity of modern automobiles, but now a new free circulator trolley system, initiated in November 2003, runs down Ponce de León Boulevard.

In 1925, roughly simultaneous to the founding of Coral Gables, the city was selected as the home to the University of Miami, which was constructed that year on 240 acres (97 ha) of land just west of U.S. Route 1, approximately two miles south of downtown Coral Gables.

During World War II many Navy pilots and mechanics were trained and housed in Coral Gables.

Geography

Coral Gables is located at 25°43′42″N 80°16′16″W / 25.728228°N 80.270986°W / 25.728228; -80.270986. It is bordered on the west by Red Road (West 57th Avenue) north of Sunset Drive (South 72nd Street) and West 49th Avenue and Old Cutler Roads south of Sunset Drive. It is bordered on the north by Tamiami Trail/U.S. Route 41 (South 8th Street), except for a small section that extends north of 8th Street for eight blocks between Ponce de Leon Boulevard and Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue). On the east, it is bordered by Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue) north of South 26th Street, Monegro Street south of South 26th Street to Cadima Avenue, Ponce De Leon Boulevard south of Cadima Avenue to South Dixie Highway (U.S. Route 1), LeJeune Road (West 42nd Avenue) south of U.S. 1 to Battersea Road, and by Biscayne Bay south of Battersea Road. On the south, it is bordered by the Charles Deering Estate.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96 km2). 13.1 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 24.0 square miles (62 km2) of it (64.64%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Coral Gables, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31.1)
89
(31.7)
93
(33.9)
96
(35.6)
96
(35.6)
98
(36.7)
100
(37.8)
98
(36.7)
97
(36.1)
95
(35)
91
(32.8)
89
(31.7)
100
(37.8)
Average high °F (°C) 76
(24.4)
78
(25.6)
80
(26.7)
83
(28.3)
87
(30.6)
90
(32.2)
91
(32.8)
91
(32.8)
89
(31.7)
86
(30)
82
(27.8)
78
(25.6)
84
(28.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 68
(20)
70
(21.1)
73
(22.8)
76
(24.4)
80
(26.7)
83
(28.3)
84
(28.9)
84
(28.9)
83
(28.3)
80
(26.7)
75
(23.9)
71
(21.7)
77
(25)
Average low °F (°C) 60
(15.6)
62
(16.7)
65
(18.3)
68
(20)
73
(22.8)
76
(24.4)
77
(25)
77
(25)
77
(25)
74
(23.3)
68
(20)
63
(17.2)
70
(21.1)
Record low °F (°C) 28
(-2.2)
27
(-2.8)
32
(0)
39
(3.9)
50
(10)
60
(15.6)
66
(18.9)
67
(19.4)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
36
(2.2)
30
(-1.1)
27
(-2.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.62
(41.1)
2.33
(59.2)
3.00
(76.2)
3.14
(79.8)
5.34
(135.6)
9.67
(245.6)
6.50
(165.1)
8.88
(225.6)
9.86
(250.4)
6.33
(160.8)
3.27
(83.1)
2.04
(51.8)
61.98
(1,574.3)
Source: The Weather Channel (Monthly Averages)

Surrounding areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 5,697
1940 8,294 45.6%
1950 19,837 139.2%
1960 34,793 75.4%
1970 42,494 22.1%
1980 43,241 1.8%
1990 40,091 −7.3%
2000 42,249 5.4%
2010 46,780 10.7%
2020 49,248 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Coral Gables racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 15,058 30.58%
Black or African American (NH) 2,362 4.8%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 23 0.05%
Asian (NH) 1,231 2.5%
Pacific Islander (NH) 40 0.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 347 0.7%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,238 2.51%
Hispanic or Latino 28,949 58.78%
Total 49,248

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 49,248 people, 17,921 households, and 11,181 families residing in the city.

2010 census

Coral Gables Demographics
2010 Census Coral Gables Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 46,780 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +10.7% +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 3,621.2/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 91.0% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 40.1% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 3.0% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 53.6% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 2.7% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 1.8% 2.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 1.4% 3.2% 3.6%

As of 2010, there were 20,266 households, of which 11.4% were vacant. In 2000, 24.45% had children under the age of 18 living with them. In Coral Gables, 61.11% were family households, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.89% were non-families. The average household size was 2.36, and the average household had 1.68 vehicles.

In 2000, the city population was spread out, with 17.4% under the age of 18, 14.58% from 18 to 24, 25.02% from 25 to 44, 27.01% from 45 to 64, and 16% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.44 years. The population consisted of 51.31% females and 48.69% males.

In 2015, estimated income figures for the city were as follows: median household income, $93,934; average household income, $150,808; per capita income, $57,195. About 7.6% of citizens were estimated to be living below the poverty line.

As of 2000, Spanish was spoken at home by 51.06% of residents, while English was the only language spoken at home by 43.83%. Other languages spoken by the population were French 1.09%, Portuguese 0.80%, Italian 0.72%, and German speakers made up 0.53% of the populace.

As of 2000, Coral Gables had the eighteenth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 28.72% of the populace. It also had the sixty-fourth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.27% of the city's population, and the sixteenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.17% of its population.

Today

Coral Way 20100321
Coral Way, one of the many scenic roads through the Gables

Coral Gables is known as a pedestrian-friendly destination. Located four miles from Miami International Airport, the "City Beautiful" has around 140 dining establishments and gourmet shops, and many notable international retailers. Among the landmarks in Coral Gables are the Venetian Pool, Douglas Entrance, the Miami Biltmore hotel, and many fine residences.

CoralGables3
Alhambra Circle is Coral Gables' primary financial street with numerous high-rise office buildings

Transportation

Douglas Road Metrorail Station 2020-03 05
Douglas Road Metrorail Station in Coral Gables, 2020

Coral Gables is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:

  •      Douglas Road (SW 37th Avenue and U.S. 1)
  •      University (Stanford Drive and U.S. 1)

The City of Coral Gables also provides a free trolley service, with a trolley running a continuous circuit up and down Ponce de Leon Boulevard during the day.

Coral Gables is served by rapid transit on Douglas Road at Douglas Road station, at the University of Miami at University station, and near Sunset Drive and Red Road at South Miami station, connecting the city with Downtown Miami and Miami International Airport.

Diplomatic missions

Several countries operate consulates in Coral Gables. They include Barbados, Colombia, El Salvador, Italy, Spain, the Principality of Monaco, St. Lucia, and Uruguay.

Several countries have honorary consulates located in Coral Gables, including Australia, Belize, Hungary, Senegal, St. Kitts & Nevis, Togo, and Thailand.

In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Miami, of the Republic of China, is located in Suite 610 at 2333 Ponce De Leon Boulevard.

Places of interest

Festivals and events

Gallery

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Florida

Coral Gables has six sister cities, according to the Coral Gables website:

In popular culture

The 2014 indie point and click adventure game, A Golden Wake, is based on the founding and development of Coral Gables in the 1920s.

The 2014 American comedy-drama television series, Looking, features a character named Augustin, who is from Coral Gables.



Economy

Coral Gables Miracle Mile 20100403
Miracle Mile and Ponce de Leon Boulevard in Coral Gables, 2010

Coral Gables holds several of the wealthiest zip codes (33156, 33143, 33133, and 33146) and neighborhoods in the United States, such as Hammock Oaks, Old Cutler Bay, Gables Estates, Tahiti Beach, Snapper Creek and Lakes, Cocoplum, and Gables By The Sea.

Major economic contributors to Coral Gables include:

  • The University of Miami, the largest employer in Coral Gables since the city's founding.
  • Baptist Hospital of Miami, the second largest employer in Coral Gables.
  • Bacardi Limited, which has its United States headquarters with 300 employees at 2701 Le Jeune Road.
  • Capital Bank Financial has its headquarters in Coral Gables.
  • Intelsat has its Latin American headquarters in Suite 1100 at One Alhambra Plaza.
  • Fresh Del Monte Produce has its headquarters in Coral Gables.
  • ExxonMobil has marine fuels operations in Suite 900 at One Alhambra Plaza in Coral Gables.
  • MasTec, the second largest Hispanic-owned company in the United States, is located at 800 South Douglas Road.
  • Odebrecht Construction, Inc. has over 300 employees at its location at 201 Alhambra Circle.
  • American Airlines maintains the Ponce de Leon Travel Center at 901 Ponce De Leon Boulevard.
  • MoneyGram has its Miami Office in Coral Gables.
  • Dolphin Entertainment is an independent film studio that is located in Coral Gables.

Education

CoralGablesSHS
Coral Gables Senior High School
Coral Gables Library
Coral Gables Branch Library, 2014

University of Miami

Coral Gables is the location of the University of Miami, a private university ranked in the top tier of national universities, with particular national status in the fields of business, engineering, law, marine science, medicine, communications, and music.

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Coral Gables schools are part of the Miami-Dade School District, which serves Miami-Dade County. The district has several high schools in Coral Gables, most notably Coral Gables Senior High School and International Studies Preparatory Academy, both of which educate students in grades nine through 12. It also has a K–8 school, Coral Gables Preparatory Academy (formerly Coral Gables Elementary School), with two campuses, including a historic campus located on Ponce de Leon Boulevard. Henry S. West Laboratory Elementary is another school for K–6. Finally it has two middle schools: George Washington Carver Middle School located on Lincoln Dr, and Ponce de Leon Middle School located across from The University of Miami on the East side of U.S. Route 1 on Augusto Street. Present day George Washington Carver Middle was moved to the current location on Grand Avenue on land donated by George Merrick. When Carver died in 1942, the school was renamed in his honor.

Private schools

Gulliver Academy – Marian C. Krutulis Campus, a PreK–8 school that is a member of Gulliver Schools, is within Coral Gables. The management offices of Gulliver Schools were formerly located in Coral Gables. The lower campus of the Riviera Schools is located in Coral Gables.

The historic St. Theresa Catholic School, a PreK–8 school is located near Coral Gables Biltmore Hotel. St. Philip's Episcopal School, the French-American School of Miami, and St. Thomas Episcopal Parish School, all PreK–5 schools, are also located in Coral Gables.

Public libraries

Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the Coral Gables Branch Library in Coral Gables.

Notable people

See also: List of University of Miami alumni

Images for kids

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