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India national cricket team facts for kids

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Flag of India.svg
Nickname(s) Men in Blue
Association Board of Control for Cricket in India
Captain Rohit Sharma
Coach Rahul Dravid
Batting coach Vikram Rathour
Bowling coach Paras Mhambrey
Fielding coach T. Dilip
Test status acquired 1931
International Cricket Council
ICC status Full Member (1926)
ICC region ACC
ICC Rankings Current Best-ever
Test 1st 1st (1 April 1973)
ODI 1st 1st (January 2013)
T20I 1st 1st (28 March 2014)
First Test v  England at Lord's, London; 25–28 June 1932
Last Test v  England at Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium, Dharamshala; 7–9 March 2024
Tests Played Won/Lost
Total 579 178/178
(222 draws, 1 tie)
This year 6 5/1
(0 draws)
World Test Championship appearances 2 (first in 2019–2021)
Best result Simple silver cup.svg Runners-up (2019–21, 2021–23)
One Day Internationals
First ODI v  England at Headingley, Leeds; 13 July 1974
Last ODI v  South Africa at Boland Park, Paarl; 21 December 2023
ODIs Played Won/Lost
Total 1,055 559/443
(9 ties, 44 no results)
This year 0 0/0
(0 ties, 0 no results)
World Cup appearances 13 (first in 1975)
Best result Simple gold cup.svg Champions (1983, 2011)
Twenty20 Internationals
First T20I v  South Africa at Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg; 1 December 2006
Last T20I v  Afghanistan at M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore; 17 January 2024
T20Is Played Won/Lost
Total 219 140/68
(5 ties, 6 no results)
This year 3 2/0
(1 tie, 0 no results)
T20 World Cup appearances 8 (first in 2007)
Best result Simple gold cup.svg Champions (2007)
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Test kit

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Kit trousers long white stripes adidas.png

ODI kit

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T20I kit

As of 9 March 2024

The India men's national cricket team represent India in men's international cricket. It is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

India's men's national cricket team played its first international match on 25 June 1932 in a Lord's Test against England becoming the sixth team to be granted Test cricket status. India had to wait until 1952, approximately twenty years to its first Test victory. In its first fifty years of international cricket, success was limited, with only 35 wins in 196 Tests. The team, however, gained strength in the 1970s with the emergence of the Indian spin quartet, and players like Sunil Gavaskar, Gundappa Viswanath, and Kapil Dev. In men's limited-overs cricket, India made its ODI debut against England in 1974 and T20I debut against South Africa in 2006.

The team has won five major ICC tournaments, winning the Cricket World Cup twice (1983 and 2011), the ICC T20 World Cup once (2007) and the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2002 and 2013). They have also finished as runners-up in the World Cup twice (2003 and 2023), the T20 World Cup once (2014), the Champions Trophy twice (2000 and 2017) and the ICC World Test Championship finals in the first two editions (2021, 2023). It was the second team after the West Indies to win the World Cup and the first team to win the World Cup on home soil after winning the 2011 Cricket World Cup.

They have won the Asia Cup eight times, in 1984, 1988, 1990–91, 1995, 2010, 2016, 2018, 2023, while finishing runners-up thrice (1997, 2004, 2008). India also won a gold medal in 2022 Asian Games. Other achievements include winning the ICC Test Championship Mace five times and the ICC ODI Championship Shield once. As of December 2023, the team is ranked first (Tests, ODIs and T20Is) in the ICC rankings. With such success, it is one of the most successful teams in international cricket.


Early history (1700s–1918)

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721. It was played and adopted by Kolis of Gujarat because they were sea pirates and outlaws who always loot the British ships so East India Company tried to manage the Kolis in cricket and been successful. In 1848, the Parsi community in Mumbai formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877. By 1912, the Parsis, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team. Some of these, such as Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji were greatly appreciated by the British and their names went on to be used for the Ranji Trophy and Duleep Trophy – two major first-class tournaments in India. In 1911, an Indian men's cricket team, captained by Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.

Test match status (1918–1970)

Lala Amarnath at Lord's 1936
Lala Amarnath batting during a match against Middlesex at Lord's, c. 1936
CK Nayudu 1930s
C. K. Nayudu, India's first captain in Test cricket

India was invited to the International Cricket Council in 1926, and made their debut as a Test playing nation in England in 1932, led by CK Nayudu, who was considered the best Indian batsman at the time. The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lord's in London. The team was not strong in their batting at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs. India hosted its first men's Test series in the year 1933. England was the visiting team that played two Tests in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata). The visitors won the series 2–0. The Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and '40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India didn't play any men's Test cricket due to the World War II. The team's first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Don Bradman's Australian cricket team in England in 1948 (a name given to the Australia national cricket team of that time). It was also the first Test series India played which was not against England. Australia men's cricket team won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer. India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England, but against the West Indies in 1948. West Indies won the five Test series 1–0.

Probir Sen with Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II with members of the Indian team during the Indian tour of England in 1952

India recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Madras in 1952. Later in the same year, they won their first Test series, which was against Pakistan. They continued their improvement throughout the early 1950s with a series win against New Zealand in 1956. However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August 1959, India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England. The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.

The key to India's bowling in the 1970s were the Indian spin quartet – Bishan Singh Bedi, E. A. S. Prasanna, B. S. Chandrasekhar and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan. This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath. Indian pitches have had the tendency to support spin and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups. These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai's 112 played a big part in their one Test win.

One-day cricket and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970–1985)

Indian Cricket Team Test Results
A graph showing India's Test match results against all Test match teams from 1932 to September 2006.

The advent of men's One Day International (ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the cricket world. However, India was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup. Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975; India scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.

In contrast, India fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win, thanks to 112 from Viswanath. In November 1976, the team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century. There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath. This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures.

During the 1980s, India developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy Mohammad Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. India won the Cricket World Cup in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lord's, owing to a strong bowling performance. In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, India won the Asia Cup and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India's best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets. The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times.

Late 20th century (1985–2000)

Kumble edited
With 619 wickets, Anil Kumble is the world's fourth highest wicket-taker in Tests and India's highest Test and ODI wicket-taker.

The addition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national side in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year, Javagal Srinath, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid, later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's. Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998.

After failing to reach the semifinals at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again.

21st century

India Vs New zealand One day International, 10 December 2010 (6159883395)
Indian players celebrating after taking a wicket against New Zealand in 2010

The team was further damaged in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five years bans respectively. This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour". However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – swore not to let this happen to them again, and lead Indian cricket out of the dark times. The first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.

The Indian team underwent major improvements under the captaincy of Sourav Ganguly and the guidance of John Wright, India's first foreign coach. In the Kolkata Test match, India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on. Australian captain Steve Waugh labelled India as the "Final Frontier" because of his side's inability to win a Test series in India. In the year 2002, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and then went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa, where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second.

In September 2007, India won the first-ever ICC Men's T20 World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final. On 2 April 2011, India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, thus becoming the third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice. India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil. India defeated England in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy Final and captain M. S. Dhoni became the first men's cricket team captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely the Cricket World Cup, ICC Men's T20 World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy.

In the 2014 ICC Men's World Twenty20 hosted in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final. India was knocked out of the 2015 Cricket World Cup in the semi-final to eventual winners Australia. India then began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament. The team were favourites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, which was being held at home, but lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies. India defeated Pakistan in their first game of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy but lost to the same opponents in the final, the first time they had met at this stage of a tournament since 2007.

The Indian team's next major global tournament was the 2019 Cricket World Cup where the team finished first in the group stage with 7 wins and only 1 loss which came against host nation England. They made the semis but lost to New Zealand by 18 runs. Rohit Sharma was the highest run-scorer for the team with 648 runs. India played the 2021 ICC World Test Championship Final against New Zealand in Southampton in which they lost by 8 wickets. India qualified for the semi-finals in the 2022 T20 World Cup, but lost to England by 10 wickets.

After a 3–1 series win against Australia on home soil. India played the 2023 ICC World Test Championship final against Australia in The Oval in which they lost by 209 runs. India went on to win the 2023 Asia Cup final against Sri Lanka in R. Premadasa Stadium by 10 wickets .Kuldeep Yadav was the player of the tournament with 9 wickets. Meanwhile, the Indian men's cricket team secured a gold medal in 2022 Asian games due to higher seeding after the final against Afghanisthan was washed out.

India in their first game of Cricket World Cup 2023, defeated Australia by 6 wickets, but after defeating New Zealand in the semifinals by 70 runs, they lost to their same opponent Australia in the final by 6 wickets, resulting in another win for the Aussies and lifting the World Cup after 8 years for the 6th time. Virat Kohli was the highest runscorer of the ODI World Cup with 765 runs. Additionally, Kohli made history by achieving his 50th ODI century at the Cricket World Cup.

Governing body

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the International Cricket Council (ICC). Its headquarters is situated in the 'Cricket centre' at Churchgate, Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world. It sold media rights for India's matches from 2006 to 2010 for $612,000,000. Roger Binny is present BCCI president and Jay Shah is secretary.

The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe. In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships.

Selection committee

Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented by one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones.

Until 18 November 2022, Chetan Sharma was the chief selector and Debashish Mohanty, Harvinder Singh and Sunil Joshi were members. The entire panel was sacked after the unsuccessful performance of the team in 2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup.

On 7 January 2023, Chetan Sharma was again appointed as the chief selector along with Shiv Sunder Das, Subroto Banerjee, Salil Ankola, and Sridharan Sharath.

On 17 February 2023, Chetan Sharma resigned from his post after a sting operation by a private news channel saw him make several loose comments on the Indian team with Shiv Sunder Das replacing him and acting as an interim chief selector.

On 4 July 2023, Ajit Agarkar was appointed as the new chief selector and replaced Chetan Sharma. He joined Shiv Sunder Das, Subroto Banerjee, Salil Ankola, and Sridharan Sharath on the selection committee.

Team colours

India plays its test cricket matches with the traditional cricket whites with the caps and helmets being navy blue, while the uniforms worn in limited-overs matches have different shades of blue for ODIs and T20s, which sometimes has a splash of the colours which are present in the Indian flag.

India WSC kit 1984-88
India's cricket kit during the World Championship of Cricket.

During the 1992 and 1999 Cricket World Cups, the Indian team's kit was sponsored by ISC and ASICS respectively, but had been without an official kit sponsor till 2001. With no official kit sponsor for the Indian team, Omtex manufactured the shirts and pants for the team, while some players chose to wear pants provided to them by their individual sponsors like Adidas and Reebok till December 2005.

In December 2005, Nike outbid its competitors Adidas and Reebok, and acquired the contract for 5 years which started in January 2006 ahead of Indian team's tour to Pakistan. Nike was a long time kit supplier to team India with two extensions for a period of five years each time; in 2011 and 2016 respectively.

After Nike ended its contract in September 2020, MPL Sports Apparel & Accessories, a subsidiary of online gaming platform Mobile Premier League replaced Nike as the kit manufacturer in November 2020 ahead of Indian team's tour to Australia, which was supposed to run until December 2023.

In November 2022, MPL Sports decided to exit the deal before the end of their contract and hand over their rights to Kewal Kiran Clothing Limited (KKCL).

In January 2023, MPL appointed Kewal Kiran Clothing Limited (KKCL) and Killer Jeans (a brand owned by KKCL) as interim sponsors till May 2023.

In February 2023, it was announced that Adidas will begin a five-year sponsorship deal in June 2023 ahead of ICC World Test Championship final, replacing KKCL.

In May 2023, BCCI officially announced Adidas as their kit sponsor for the next five years running until March 2028.

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1992 ISC
1999 ASICS ITC Limited
(Wills & ITC Hotels)
2001–2005 Omtex Sahara
2006–2013 Nike
2014–2017 STAR India
2017–2019 OPPO
2019–2020 BYJU's
2020–2022 MPL Sports
2023 Killer Jeans
2023 – present Adidas Dream11
Sponsorship for ICC Tournaments
Tournament Kit Manufacturer Sleeve Sponsor
1975 Cricket World Cup
1979 Cricket World Cup
1983 Cricket World Cup
1987 Cricket World Cup
1992 Cricket World Cup ISC
1996 Cricket World Cup Wills
1998 ICC KnockOut Trophy
1999 Cricket World Cup ASICS
2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy
2002 ICC Champions Trophy Omtex
2003 Cricket World Cup Aamby Valley
2004 ICC Champions Trophy Sahara
2006 ICC Champions Trophy Nike
2007 Cricket World Cup
2007 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2009 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2009 ICC Champions Trophy
2010 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2011 Cricket World Cup
2012 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2013 ICC Champions Trophy
2014 ICC Men's T20 World Cup STAR India
2015 Cricket World Cup
2016 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2017 ICC Champions Trophy OPPO
2019 Cricket World Cup
2021 ICC World Test Championship MPL Sports BYJU's
2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2023 ICC World Test Championship Adidas
2023 Cricket World Cup Dream11
2024 ICC Men's T20 World Cup


Current Sponsors & Partners
Team sponsor Dream11
Kit sponsor Adidas
Title sponsor IDFC FIRST Bank
Official partner(s) SBI Life
Atomberg Technologies
Official broadcaster Viacom18
(Sports18 & JioCinema)

Team sponsorship

Dream11 (Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd.) was announced as the sponsor for the team on 1 July 2023. Their sponsorship is supposed to run until 31 March 2026 for a period of three years.

Previously, BYJU's was the sponsor for the Indian team from 5 September 2019 till 31 March 2023, after OPPO handed over the rights to them.

OPPO's sponsorship was supposed to run from 2017 until 2022, but they handed over to BYJU's. On 7 March 2022, BYJU's extended its sponsorship for one year.

Previously, the Indian team has been sponsored by BYJU's from September 2019 till March 2023, OPPO from May 2017 till August 2019, Star India from January 2014 till March 2017, Sahara India Pariwar from June 2001 till December 2013 and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from June 1993 till May 2001.

Official partners

On 9 January 2024, BCCI announced Campa and Atomberg Technologies as official partners for its domestic & international season during 2024–26.

On 20 September 2023, BCCI announced SBI Life as the official partner for its domestic & international season during 2023–26.

In August 2023, IDFC First Bank replaced Mastercard as the current title sponsor for all international and domestic matches played in India for the 2023–26 season.

The title sponsorship was initially given to Paytm for all matches played between 2015 and 2023 but they handed over to Mastercard in 2022.

On 30 August 2019, following the conclusion of the expression of interest process for official partners' rights, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Dream11), LafargeHolcim (ACC Cements, and Ambuja Cements) and Hyundai Motors India Ltd. have acquired the official partners' rights for the BCCI International and Domestic matches during 2019–2023.

Disney Star and Airtel have been title sponsors previously.

Official broadcasters

Viacom18 is the official broadcaster until March 2028 for all the men's international and domestic matches played in India. Sports18 telecasts the international and domestic matches on TV, while it is live streamed on JioCinema as OTT (over the top) platform.

International grounds

There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various state cricket boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India was also the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in Delhi was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies in 1948, the first of a 5-Test series. 21 stadiums in India have hosted at least one official Test match. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India.

India currently has the world's largest cricket stadium. The Narendra Modi Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most Tests, and also has the third-largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous historical and controversial matches. Other major stadiums in India include the Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan.

The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first Test match in India which is the only Test it has hosted to date. Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974, has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators and is currently the most popular venue in the city. It has hosted 24 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricketing capital of India because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team). Thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches. The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s, and it was the site of India's first Test victory.


A total of 35 men have captained the Indian men's cricket team in at least one Test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 matches, and six have captained the team in men's ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain of the men's cricket team was C. K. Nayudu, who led the team in four matches against England: one in England in 1932 and a series of three matches at home in 1933–34. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain of the men's cricket team and the first Indian to score a century in test cricket while playing for India, led the team in its first Test match after Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India men's cricket team had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.

The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the men's team's captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India men's cricket team on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India winning the Test series 3–1. In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captaincy, India registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. India played its first men's ODI in 1974, also under his captaincy. India won its first men's ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa cricket team. Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishan Singh Bedi captained the team in 22 men's Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI.

Sunil Gavaskar took over as men's Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading India in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early 1989 and a stand-off with the Indian Cricket Board (BCCI).

India has had six regular Test captains of the men's cricket team since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the men's cricket team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs.

Sourav Ganguly became the regular captain of the men's team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000. He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia. Rahul Dravid took over as men's Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years.

In September 2007, MS Dhoni was named as the new captain of the men's ODI and Twenty20 International teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the team to the inaugural World men's Twenty20 title. Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the men's Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian men's cricket team held the number one position in the ICC Men's Test Team Rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins). Dhoni also led the team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- the ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC Men's T20 World Cup in 2007 and the ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. However, the team performed poorly in away Tests from 2011 to 2014 and Dhoni retired from Test cricket in December 2014, with Virat Kohli being named as the new Test captain. Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20I teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position.

Under Kohli's captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India also had an unbeaten streak of winning 9 consecutive Test series, starting with a 3–0 series win over Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka and ending with a 1–0 series win over Sri Lanka at home. India also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli was India's second most successful Test captain, behind Ajinkya Rahane, having won more than 58% of Test matches (at least 2 games).

In November 2021, Rohit Sharma was appointed as the new T20I captain of the Indian men's cricket team after Kohli resigned from the role. Kohli led India one last time in T20Is at the T20 World Cup 2021. Under Rohit Sharma's first series as permanent captaincy, India whitewashed New Zealand at home in the T20I series 3–0. In December 2021, Sharma was also appointed as the new ODI captain of the Indian men's cricket team, replacing Kohli ahead of their away series against South Africa. Kohli later quit as Test captain as well, after their Test series loss to South Africa. Sharma replaced Kohli as Test captain before the Test series against Sri Lanka and is now the Full-Time Captain of the Indian men's cricket team.

Current squad

Rohit Sharma during the India vs Australia 4th Test match at Narendra Modi Stadium
Rohit Sharma, present India cricket team skipper

Board of Control for Cricket in India released the list of their 2023-2024 annual player contracts on 28 February 2024. Players can still be upgraded to a Grade C annual player contract on a pro-rata basis by meeting the criteria of playing a minimum of 3 Tests or 8 ODIs or 10 T20Is in the specified period (October 1st, 2023 to September 30th, 2024).

This is a list of every active player who is contracted to Board of Control for Cricket in India, has played for India since March 2023 or was named in the recent Test, ODI or T20I squads. Uncapped players are listed in italics.

Last updated: 11 March 2024

Symbol Meaning
CG Contract grade with BCCI
No. Shirt number of the player in all formats
Format Denotes the player recently played in which particular format, not his entire career
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team IPL Team CG Forms No. Captaincy Last Test Last ODI Last T20I
Ruturaj Gaikwad 27 Right-handed N/A Maharashtra Chennai Super Kings C ODI, T20I 31 N/A 2023 2023
Shubman Gill 24 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Punjab Gujarat Titans A Test, ODI, T20I 77 2024 2023 2024
Shreyas Iyer 29 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Mumbai Kolkata Knight Riders N/A Test, ODI, T20I 96 2024 2023 2023
Yashasvi Jaiswal 22 Left-handed Right-arm leg spin Mumbai Rajasthan Royals B Test, T20I 64 2024 N/A 2024
Sarfaraz Khan 26 Right-handed Right-arm leg break Mumbai N/A C Test 97 2024 N/A N/A
Virat Kohli 35 Right-handed Right-arm medium Delhi Royal Challengers Bengaluru A+ Test, ODI, T20I 18 2024 2023 2024
Devdutt Padikkal 23 Left-handed N/A Karnataka Lucknow Super Giants N/A Test 37 2024 N/A 2021
Rajat Patidar 31 Right-handed N/A Madhya Pradesh Royal Challengers Bengaluru C Test, ODI 87 2024 2023 N/A
Rohit Sharma 37 Right-handed Right-arm off break Mumbai Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI, T20I 45 Test, ODI, T20I (C) 2024 2023 2024
Rinku Singh 26 Left-handed Right-arm off break Uttar Pradesh Kolkata Knight Riders C ODI, T20I 35 N/A 2023 2024
Sai Sudharsan 22 Left-handed Right-arm leg break Tamil Nadu Gujarat Titans N/A ODI 66 N/A 2023 N/A
Suryakumar Yadav 33 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Mumbai Mumbai Indians B ODI, T20I 63 2023 2023 2023
Ravichandran Ashwin 37 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Rajasthan Royals A Test, ODI 99 2024 2023 2022
Akash Deep 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Bengal Royal Challengers Bengaluru F Test 41 2024 N/A N/A
Shivam Dube 30 Left-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Chennai Super Kings C T20I 25 N/A 2019 2024
Ravindra Jadeja 35 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Saurashtra Chennai Super Kings A+ Test, ODI, T20I 8 2024 2023 2023
Hardik Pandya 30 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Baroda Mumbai Indians A ODI, T20I 33 ODI, T20I (VC) 2018 2023 2023
Axar Patel 30 Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Gujarat Delhi Capitals B Test, ODI, T20I 20 2024 2023 2024
Washington Sundar 24 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Sunrisers Hyderabad C ODI, T20I 5 2021 2023 2024
Tilak Varma 21 Left-handed Right arm off spin Hyderabad Mumbai Indians C ODI, T20I 72 N/A 2023 2024
Srikar Bharat 30 Right-handed N/A Andhra Kolkata Knight Riders C Test 14 2024 N/A N/A
Dhruv Jurel 23 Right-handed N/A Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan Royals C Test 16 2024 N/A N/A
Ishan Kishan 25 Left-handed N/A Jharkhand Mumbai Indians N/A ODI, T20I 32 2023 2023 2023
KL Rahul 32 Right-handed N/A Karnataka Lucknow Super Giants A Test, ODI 1 2024 2023 2022
Sanju Samson 29 Right-handed N/A Kerala Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 9 N/A 2023 2024
Jitesh Sharma 30 Right-handed N/A Vidarbha Punjab Kings C T20I 6 N/A N/A 2024
Rishabh Pant 26 Left-handed N/A Delhi Delhi Capitals B N/A 17 2022 2022 2022
Pace bowlers
Jasprit Bumrah 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Gujarat Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI, T20I 93 Test (VC) 2024 2023 2023
Deepak Chahar 31 Right-handed Right-arm medium Rajasthan Chennai Super Kings N/A T20I 90 N/A 2022 2023
Yash Dayal 26 Right-handed Left-arm medium-fast Uttar Pradesh Royal Challengers Bengaluru F N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Vidwath Kaverappa 25 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Karnataka Punjab Kings F N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Avesh Khan 27 Right-handed Right arm fast-medium Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 65 N/A 2023 2024
Mukesh Kumar 30 Right-handed Right arm medium Bengal Delhi Capitals C Test, ODI, T20I 49 2024 2023 2024
Prasidh Krishna 28 Right-handed Right arm fast-medium Karnataka Rajasthan Royals C Test, ODI, T20I 24 2024 2023 2023
Umran Malik 24 Right-handed Right-arm fast Jammu and Kashmir Sunrisers Hyderabad F ODI 21 N/A 2023 2023
Mohammed Shami 33 Right-handed Right-arm fast Bengal Gujarat Titans A ODI 11 2023 2023 2022
Arshdeep Singh 25 Left-handed Left-arm medium-fast Punjab Punjab Kings C ODI, T20I 2 N/A 2023 2024
Mohammed Siraj 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Hyderabad Royal Challengers Bengaluru A Test, ODI, T20I 73 2024 2023 2023
Shardul Thakur 32 Right-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Chennai Super Kings C Test, ODI 54 2023 2023 2022
Jaydev Unadkat 32 Right-handed Left-arm medium Saurashtra Sunrisers Hyderabad N/A ODI 91 2023 2023 2018
Vijaykumar Vyshak 27 Right-handed Right-arm medium Karnataka Royal Challengers Bengaluru F N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Spin bowlers
Ravi Bishnoi 23 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Gujarat Lucknow Super Giants C T20I 56 N/A 2022 2024
Yuzvendra Chahal 33 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Haryana Rajasthan Royals N/A T20I 3 N/A 2023 2023
Kuldeep Yadav 29 Left-handed Left-arm wrist spin Uttar Pradesh Delhi Capitals B Test, ODI, T20I 23 2024 2023 2024

Pay grade

BCCI awards central contracts to its players, their pay is graded according to the importance of the player. Players' salaries are as follows:

  • Grade A+ – 7 crore (US$0 million)
  • Grade A – 5 crore (US$850,000)
  • Grade B – 3 crore (US$510,000)
  • Grade C – 1 crore (US$170,000)
  • Grade F – Fast Bowling Contracts
Match fees

Players also receive a match fee of 15 lakh (US$26,000) per Test match, 6 lakh (US$10,000) per ODI, and 3 lakh (US$5,100) per T20I.

Coaching staff

Position Name
Head coach Rahul Dravid
Batting coach Vikram Rathour
Bowling coach Paras Mhambrey
Fielding coach T. Dilip
Physiotherapist Nitin Patel
Strength and conditioning coach Sohum Desai

Rahul Dravid was appointed as the head coach of India from November 2021 replacing Ravi Shastri, under whom India won several historic matches. Rahul Dravid was also the coach of India national under-19 cricket team and India A cricket team before becoming the head coach

Tournament history

A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within India

ICC World Test Championship

World Test Championship record
Year League stage Final Host Final Final Position
Pos Matches Ded PC Pts PCT
2019–2021 1/9 17 12 4 1 0 0 720 520 72.2 EnglandRose Bowl, England Lost to  New Zealand by 8 wickets Runners-up
2021–2023 2/9 18 10 5 3 0 5 216 127 58.80 England The Oval, England Lost to  Australia by 209 runs Runners-up

ICC Cricket World Cup

World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
England 1975 Round 1 6/8 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
England 1979 Round 1 7/8 3 0 3 0 0 Squad
England Wales 1983 Champions 1/8 8 6 2 0 0 Squad
India Pakistan 1987 Semi-finals 3/8 7 5 2 0 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 1992 Round 1 7/9 8 2 5 0 1 Squad
India Pakistan Sri Lanka 1996 Semi-finals 3/12 7 4 3 0 0 Squad
England Republic of Ireland Netherlands Scotland Wales1999 Round 2 (Super 6s) 6/12 8 4 4 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Kenya 2003 Runners-up 2/14 11 9 2 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2007 Group Stage 9/16 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2011 Champions 1/14 9 7 1 1 0 Squad
Australia New Zealand 2015 Semi-finals 3/14 8 7 1 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2019 Semi-finals 3/10 10 7 2 0 1 Squad
India 2023 Runners-up 2/10 11 10 1 0 0 Squad
South Africa Zimbabwe Namibia 2027 TBD
India Bangladesh 2031 Qualified as co-hosts
Total 2 Titles 13/13 96 63 30 1 2

ICC T20 World Cup

T20 World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
South Africa 2007 Champions 1/12 7 5 1 1 1 Squad
England 2009 Super 8s 7/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
Cricket West Indies 2010 Super 8s 8/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2012 Super 8s 5/12 5 4 1 0 0 Squad
Bangladesh 2014 Runners-up 2/16 6 5 1 0 0 Squad
India 2016 Semi-finals 4/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
United Arab Emirates Oman 2021 Super 12s 6/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
Australia 2022 Semi-finals 3/16 6 4 2 0 0 Squad
United States 2024 Qualified
India Sri Lanka 2026 Qualified as co-hosts
Australia New Zealand 2028 TBD
England Wales Republic of Ireland Scotland 2030 TBD
Total 1 Title 8/8 45 28 15 1 1

ICC Champions Trophy

Champions Trophy record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
Bangladesh 1998 Semi-finals 3/9 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
Kenya 2000 Runners-up 2/11 4 3 1 0 0 Squad
Sri Lanka 2002 Champions 1/12 4 3 0 0 1 Squad
England 2004 Group stage 7/12 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
India 2006 Group stage 5/10 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
South Africa 2009 Group stage 5/8 3 1 1 0 1 Squad
England Wales 2013 Champions 1/8 5 5 0 0 0 Squad
England Wales 2017 Runners-up 2/8 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
Pakistan 2025 Qualified
India 2029 Qualified as hosts
Total 2 Titles 8/8 28 18 8 0 2

ACC Asia Cup

Asia Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR
United Arab Emirates 1984 Champions 1/3 2 2 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 1986 Boycotted the tournament
Bangladesh 1988 Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
India 1990–91 Champions 1/3 3 2 1 0 0
United Arab Emirates 1995 Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
Sri Lanka 1997 Runners-up 2/4 4 1 2 0 1
Bangladesh 2000 First round 3/4 3 1 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2004 Runners-up 2/6 6 3 3 0 0
Pakistan 2008 Runners-up 2/6 6 4 2 0 0
Sri Lanka 2010 Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
Bangladesh 2012 First round 3/4 3 2 1 0 0
Bangladesh 2014 First round 3/5 4 2 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2016 Champions 1/5 5 5 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 2018 Champions 1/6 6 5 0 1 0
United Arab Emirates 2022 Super Fours 3/6 5 3 2 0 0
Pakistan Sri Lanka 2023 Champions 1/6 6 4 1 0 1
Total 8 Titles 15/16 65 43 19 1 2

Other tournaments

Asian Games

Asian Games record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
China 2010 Did Not Participate
South Korea 2014 Did Not Participate
China 2022 Gold Medal 1/14 3 2 0 0 1
Total 1 Title 1/3 3 2 0 0 1

Commonwealth Games

Commonwealth Games record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
Malaysia 1998 Group stage 9/16 3 1 1 0 1
Total 0 Title 1/1 3 1 1 0 1



  • World Test Championship:
    • Runners-up (2): 2019–21, 2021–23
  • World Cup:
  • T20 World Cup:
    • Champions (1): 2007
    • Runners-up (1): 2014
  • Champions Trophy:
    • Champions (2): 2002, 2013
    • Runners-up (2): 2000, 2017


  • Asia Cup:
    • Champions (8): 1984, 1988, 1990–91, 1995, 2010, 2016, 2018, 2023
    • Runners-up (3): 1997, 2004, 2008


  • Asian Games
    • Gold medal (1): 2022



Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Draw % Won % Lost % Drew First Last
 Afghanistan 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 0.00 0.00 2018 2018
 Australia 102 30 43 1 28 29.41 42.15 27.45 1947 2021
 Bangladesh 13 11 0 0 2 84.61 0.00 15.38 2000 2022
 England 131 31 50 0 50 23.66 38.16 38.16 1932 2022
 New Zealand 62 22 13 0 27 35.48 20.96 43.54 1955 2021
 Pakistan 59 9 12 0 38 15.25 20.34 64.41 1952 2007
 South Africa 42 15 17 0 10 35.71 40.47 23.80 1992 2022
 Sri Lanka 46 22 7 0 17 47.82 15.21 36.95 1982 2022
 West Indies 98 22 30 0 46 22.44 30.61 46.93 1948 2019
 Zimbabwe 11 7 2 0 2 63.64 18.18 18.18 1992 2005
Total 565 170 174 1 220 30.08 30.79 38.93 1932 2022
Statistics are correct as of  India v  Bangladesh at Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Mirpur as of 22–26 December, 2022.

One-Day Internationals

Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied No Result % Won First Last
Full Members
 Afghanistan 3 2 0 1 0 83.33 2014 2019
 Australia 143 53 80 0 10 39.84 1980 2020
 Bangladesh 39 31 7 0 1 81.57 1988 2022
 England 106 57 44 2 3 56.31 1974 2022
 Ireland 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2015
 New Zealand 113 55 50 1 7 52.35 1975 2022
 Pakistan 132 55 73 0 4 42.96 1978 2019
 South Africa 90 37 50 0 3 42.52 1988 2022
 Sri Lanka 162 93 57 1 11 61.58 1979 2021
 West Indies 139 70 63 2 4 52.59 1979 2022
 Zimbabwe 66 54 10 2 0 83.33 1983 2022
Associate Members
 Bermuda 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007
East Africa 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 1975 1975
 Hong Kong 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2008 2018
 Kenya 13 11 2 0 0 84.62 1996 2004
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2003
 Netherlands 2 2 0 0 0 100.00 2003 2011
 Scotland 1 1 0 0 0 100.00 2007 2007
 United Arab Emirates 3 3 0 0 0 100.00 1994 2015
Total 1020 532 436 9 43 54.91 1974 2022
Statistics are correct as of  Bangladesh v  India at chattogram, 3rd Odi, December 10, 2022.

Twenty20 Internationals

Head-to-head record

Opponent Matches Won Lost Tied Tie+Win Tie+Loss No Result % Won First Last
ICC Full Members
 Afghanistan 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2010 2022
 Australia 26 15 10 0 0 0 1 60.00 2007 2022
 Bangladesh 12 11 1 0 0 0 0 91.66 2009 2022
 England 23 12 11 0 0 0 0 52.17 2007 2022
 Ireland 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2009 2022
 New Zealand 22 10 9 1 2 0 0 52.27 2007 2022
 Pakistan 12 8 3 0 1 0 0 75.00 2007 2022
 South Africa 24 13 10 0 0 0 1 56.52 2006 2022
 Sri Lanka 27 18 8 0 0 0 1 69.23 2009 2023
 West Indies 25 17 7 0 0 0 1 70.83 2009 2022
 Zimbabwe 8 6 2 0 0 0 0 75.00 2010 2022
ICC Associate members
 Hong Kong 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2022 2022
 Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2021 2021
 Netherlands 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2022 2022
 Scotland 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 100.00 2007 2021
 United Arab Emirates 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 100.00 2016 2016
Total 194 124 61 1 3 0 5 66.66 2006 2023
Statistics are correct as of  New Zealand v  India at McLean Park, Napier, New Zealand, 3rd T20i as of November 22, 2022.

Players in bold text are still active with India in T20I format.

Individual records

Tendulkar closup
Sachin Tendulkar celebrating his 38th Test century during a match against Australia in 2008. He holds multiple world records including the world's leading run-scorer and century maker in both Tests and ODIs.

Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests. The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in Test cricket by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 759/7 against England at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai in 2016, while its lowest score was 36 against Australia in 2020. In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies at Indore in 2011–12. India scored 413–5 in a match against Bermuda in 2007 World Cup which was the highest score ever in Cricket World Cup history at the time. In the same match, India set a world record of the highest winning margin in an ODI match of 257 runs.

India has also had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of 4 bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets. In 1999, Anil Kumble emulated Jim Laker to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi.

Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs). Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs. The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs, which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost by just 1 run.

Tendulkar was the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten on 200 from 147 deliveries including 25 fours and 3 sixes) in a single ODI innings, on 24 February 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior. On 8 December 2011, this achievement was eclipsed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs from 149 deliveries (25 fours and 7 sixes) versus West Indies in Indore. On 13 November 2014 the record was broken by another Indian opening batsmen, Rohit Sharma, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33 fours and 9 sixes) against Sri Lanka in Kolkata. In 2013, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.

In 2014, Kohli became the first cricketer to win back-to-back Man of the Series awards in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and 2016 ICC World Twenty20. Kohli is also the highest scorer in T20Is as of November 2022. In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer in history to reach 250 wickets.

Fan following

Supporters of the Indian cricket team waving the Indian flag during match between India and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

Owing to the massive Indian diaspora in nations like Australia, England and South Africa, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India plays in each of these nations. There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Indian Army, the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team.

Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a strong rivalry between the Indian and the Pakistani cricket teams. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the BCCI's financial success.

However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes. In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered one of the reasons for Sourav Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms. During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks. A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin to ensure his safety. In 1999, a riot occurred in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar saw Sachin run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium.In 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai crowd when he got out against England.

A Cricket fan at the Chepauk stadium, Chennai
Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary, a fan of the Indian cricket team, travels to all Indian home games with his body painted as the Indian flag.

Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Sourav Ganguly was dropped from the team, Ganguly's home town Kolkata erupted in protests. India later played a match against South Africa in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Indian team was booed by the crowd who supported South Africa instead of India in response to Ganguly's dropping. Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Odisha disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack for an ODI over the lack of a local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach Greg Chappell. Similar treatment was handed to Sunil Gavaskar in the 1987 World Cup Semi Finals by crowds at Wankhede Stadium when he got bowled by Phillip DeFreitas.

A successful string of results, especially victories against the arch-rival Pakistan or victories in major tournaments such as the World Cup are greeted by the Indian fans.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Selección de críquet de India para niños

  • Sport in India – Overview of sports in India
  • India A cricket team
  • India national under-19 cricket team
  • National Cricket Academy (NCA)
  • BCCI Awards
  • Glossary of cricket terms
  • India–Pakistan cricket rivalry
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