List of extreme points of New Zealand facts for kids
This article discusses the extreme points of New Zealand: the points that lie farther north, south, east or west than any other equivalent location in the country.
The northernmost point of the North Island is often thought to be Cape Reinga, but this is instead the northwesternmost point. Similarly, Bluff is often considered to be the southernmost point of the South Island, although The Bluff itself (the promontory which gives the town its name) is actually fractionally further north than Slope Point. The phrase "From Cape Reinga to The Bluff" is, however, frequently used within New Zealand to refer to the extent of the whole country, ignoring both Slope Point and the many offshore islands.
New Zealand overall
- Northernmost point — Nugent Island, in the Kermadec Islands
- Southernmost point — Jacquemart Island (off the south coast of Campbell Island) in the Campbell Island group
- Westernmost point — Cape Lovitt, Auckland Islands
- Easternmost point — Forty-Fours/Motuhara, East of the Chatham Islands
- Highest Point — Aoraki / Mount Cook, 3,724 m (12,218 ft) above sea level.
- Lowest Point — near Momona, Taieri Plains, 2 m (6 ft 7 in) below sea level.
- New Zealand’s furthest inland point, at Cromwell. It is 119.44 kilometres (74.22 mi) from the Tasman Sea and Pacific Ocean. , is some 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of the town of
Distance from North to South (Nugent Island to Jacquemart Island) is 2,813 kilometres (1,748 mi).
Distance around the four points is 6,176 kilometres (3,838 mi).
The North Island
- Northernmost point — Surville Cliffs, North Cape
- Southernmost point — Cape Palliser
- Westernmost point — Cape Maria van Diemen
- Easternmost point — East Cape
- Highest Point — Mount Ruapehu, 2797m above sea level.
- Lowest Point — Lagoon Farm/Parklands, Napier, New Zealand, 1m below sea level. Lowest man made point is the Martha Mine pit - Waihi, 15m below sea level.
The South Island
- Northernmost point — Cape Farewell
- Southernmost point — Slope Point
- Westernmost point — West Cape
- Easternmost point — West Head
- Highest Point — Aoraki / Mount Cook, 3724m above sea level.
- Lowest Point — Taieri Plains, 2m below sea level.
Centres of population
The tiny settlement of Kapowairua, at the eastern end of Spirits Bay, although there is a permanently manned station on Raoul Island much further north. The northernmost settlement of significant size is Te Kao, while Taipa-Mangonui is the northernmost urban area with at least 1000 people. New Zealand's northernmost city is Whangarei.
The northernmost settlement in the South Island is Pūponga, close to the foot of Farewell Spit. Takaka is the northernmost South Island urban area with at least 1000 people, and Nelson is the northernmost South Island city.
The southernmost settlement in New Zealand is Oban, on Stewart Island, although there is a meteorological station on Campbell Island, though this is no longer permanently manned since 1995. The southernmost town in New Zealand with a population over 1000 is Bluff. New Zealand's southernmost city is Invercargill - also its westernmost city. While New Zealand has a permanently manned base at Scott Base in Ross Dependency, this area is not considered part of New Zealand.
The southernmost settlement in the North Island is Ngawi, near Cape Palliser. Wellington is the southernmost North Island urban area with population over 1000 and the North Island's southernmost city.
The settlement of Waitangi on Chatham Island is New Zealand's easternmost settlement. In New Zealand's main chain, the easternmost settlement of any note is Tikitiki. The town of Ruatoria is New Zealand's easternmost town. New Zealand's easternmost city, and urban area with a population over 1000, is Gisborne.
Small settlements at the head of Doubtful Sound and at Manapouri Hydro are the westernmost settlements in New Zealand. The westernmost settlement of significance is Manapouri, and the westernmost town with a population over 1000 is Te Anau. New Zealand's westernmost city is Invercargill, which is also its southernmost city.
In the North Island, Te Kao is the westernmost as well as the northernmost settlement of significance, Kaitaia is the westernmost town with a population over 1000, and New Plymouth is the westernmost city.
Closest point to Australia
The closest point to mainland Australia and Tasmania is near the Resolution Island lighthouse at 45°44'S, 166°27'E (Fiordland), a distance of approximately 1,491 kilometres (926 mi) from a point near Tasman Island lighthouse 43°12'S, 148°E (Tasmania).
List of extreme points of New Zealand Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.