Volusia County, Florida facts for kids

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Volusia County, Florida
Map
Map of Florida highlighting Volusia County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the USA highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 29, 1854
Seat DeLand
Largest City Deltona
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,432.44 sq mi (3,710 km²)
1,101.03 sq mi (2,852 km²)
331.40 sq mi (858 km²), 23.14%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

517,887
449.2/sq mi (173/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.volusia.org
Named for: Community of Volusia
County logo Logo of Volusia County, Florida

Volusia County (/vəˈlʃə/, və-LOOSH) is located in the east-central part of the U.S. state of Florida, stretching between the St. Johns River and the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010 census, the county was home to 494,593 people, an increase of 11.6% from 2000. Its county seat is DeLand. It was founded on December 29, 1854, and was named for the community of Volusia, located in northwestern Volusia County.

Volusia County is part of the Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach, FL metropolitan statistical area, and is also part of the larger Orlando–Deltona–Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History

WILLIAMS(1837) Florida - ST.JOHN's RIVER & VOLUSIA on the right bank
Volusia on the right bank of the St. John's River (c. 1835)
Timucua owl totem
Timucua owl totem found near Hontoon Island in the St. Johns River, Volusia County

Volusia County was named after the then-largest-community, Volusia, when the Florida legislature divided Orange County on December 29, 1854. At the time, Volusia County had as few as 600 residents.

The origins of the word "Volusia" are unclear, though there are several theories:

  1. The name came from a word meaning "Land of the Euchee," from the Euchee Indians who migrated into the area after the Timucua Indian cultures faded away in the early 1700s. The Euchees (or Uchees) lived in the area of Spring Gardens, about ten miles south of Volusia.
  2. The name was taken from a British man named Voluz who owned a plantation located on the St. Johns River in the late 1700s.
  3. The name originated from the last name Veluche belonging to the French or Belgian owner of the trading post in Volusia. According to some, this was during the British regime, and according to others, it was around 1818. Over time, the name Veluche became anglicized to Volusia.
  4. The town was established by and named for Jere Volusia.
  5. The settlement was named by the Spanish after the celebrated Roman jurist Volusio, who wrote 30 books and tutored Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperor and philosopher.

The land area of present-day Volusia County was inhabited by the indigenous Timucua, and Mayaca people . Neither group exists today as distinct racial entities, having been decimated by war and disease after contact with European settlers. Evidence of their habitation can still be seen in various areas of Volusia County such as the large shell middens at Tomoka State Park.

During the British occupation of Florida, a failed colony was started in southeast Volusia County by Andrew Turnbull, known as New Smyrna. This colony was connected to St. Augustine, the capital of East Florida, via the Kings Road. After the failure of the colony the settlers, many of Minorcan and Greek heritage made the 70-mile (110 km) journey to live in St. Augustine.

The Seminole Indians, descendants of the Creek tribe of Alabama and Georgia who resisted forced relocation to Indian Territory also camped in various parts of Volusia County. During the Second Seminole War (1836–1842) a large sugar plantation in what is today the city of Daytona Beach was burned by the Seminole.

On the east shore of the St. Johns River in Volusia, in present-day DeBary, General Winfield Scott established a fort/depot in 1836 named Fort Florida.

Geography

Avenue of Moss-Covered Oaks, Near Ormond, Florida
Avenue of Moss-Covered Oaks, Near Ormond, Florida -- an 1893 duotone print

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,432 square miles (3,710 km2), of which 1,101 square miles (2,850 km2) is land and 331 square miles (860 km2) (23.1%) is water.

Volusia County is bordered on the west by the St. Johns River and Lake Monroe, and by the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Roughly the size of Rhode Island, Volusia is situated 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Orlando, 60 miles (97 km) north of the Kennedy Space Center, and 89 miles (143 km) south of Jacksonville.

Regions

The Volusia County Government divides the county into three regions. This parallels the three calling regions used by BellSouth, the regional phone company:

East Volusia - also known as the Greater Daytona Beach Area, or the Halifax Area (named for the Halifax River which runs through the area), this region includes the cities of Daytona Beach, Daytona Beach Shores, Holly Hill, Ormond Beach, Ponce Inlet, Port Orange and South Daytona; and the surrounding unincorporated areas close to these cities.

Southeast Volusia - also known as the Greater New Smyrna Beach Area, this region includes the cities of New Smyrna Beach, Edgewater, and Oak Hill; also the unincorporated areas close to these cities.

West Volusia - also called Saint John's River Country (named for the Saint John's River which lies nearby), this region includes the cities of Barberville, DeBary, DeLand, DeLeon Springs, Deltona, Glenwood, Enterprise, Lake Helen, Orange City, Pierson, and Seville; as well as the surrounding unincorporated areas close to these cities. Deltona is the largest city in Volusia County.

Adjacent counties

Parks and gardens

  • Blue Spring State Park
  • Bulow Creek State Park
  • Canaveral National Seashore
  • De Leon Springs State Park
  • Dunlawton Plantation and Sugar Mill
  • Gemini Springs Park
  • Green Springs Park
  • Hontoon Island State Park
  • Lake George State Forest
  • Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge
  • North Peninsula State Park
  • Tiger Bay State Forest
  • Tomoka State Park

Rivers and waterways

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Halifax River
  • Intracoastal Waterway
  • Lake George
  • Lake Monroe
  • Mosquito Lagoon
  • Ponce de León Inlet
  • Spruce Creek
  • St. Johns River
  • Tomoka River

Major attractions

  • Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach
  • Jackie Robinson Ballpark in Daytona Beach
  • New Smyrna Speedway in New Smyrna Beach
  • Ponce de Leon Inlet Lighthouse and Museum in Ponce Inlet
  • The Ocean Center (convention center) in Daytona Beach
  • Volusia County Fair and Expo Center in DeLand
  • Volusia Speedway Park in Barberville

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,158
1870 1,723 48.8%
1880 3,294 91.2%
1890 8,467 157.0%
1900 10,003 18.1%
1910 16,510 65.1%
1920 23,374 41.6%
1930 42,757 82.9%
1940 53,710 25.6%
1950 74,229 38.2%
1960 125,319 68.8%
1970 169,487 35.2%
1980 258,762 52.7%
1990 370,712 43.3%
2000 443,343 19.6%
2010 494,593 11.6%
Est. 2015 517,887 16.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 443,343 people, 184,723 households, and 120,069 families residing in the county. The population density was 402 people per square mile (155/km²). There were 211,938 housing units at an average density of 192 per square mile (74/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.11% White, 9.29% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 6.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.7% were of German, 11.5% Irish, 11.2% English, 10.7% American and 8.7% Italian ancestry.

There were 184,723 households out of which 24.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.40% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.00% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 22.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,219, and the median income for a family was $41,767. Males had a median income of $30,573 versus $22,471 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,664. About 7.90% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Transportation

  • Bob Le Flight Strip
  • Daytona Beach International
  • DeLand Municipal Airport
  • Massey Ranch Airpark

Major roads

See also: List of county roads in Volusia County, Florida
  • I-95.svg Interstate 95 is the main south-to-north interstate highway along the east coast of the state as well as Volusia County. Eight interchanges exist within the county, three of them in Daytona Beach.
  • I-4.svg Interstate 4 is the main west-to-east interstate highway through Central Florida, however it also serves as the westernmost interstate highway in the county. Contains at least seven interchanges and becomes State Road 400 east of I-95.
  • US 1.svg U.S. 1 is the main local road through eastern Volusia County, running south to north. Served as the main south-to-north highway in both the state and the eastern half of the county until I-95 was built.
  • US 17.svg US 17 is the main local road through western Volusia County, running south to north.
  • US 92.svg US 92 a west-to-east route shares a concurrency with US 17 further south in Polk County until branching off onto the International Speedway Boulevard.
  • Florida A1A.svg SR A1A is the scenic coastal alternate route to US 1, which also includes some county road spurs and extensions.
  • Florida 40.svg SR 40, a west-to-east road in northern Volusia County enters the county from the Astor Bridge over the St. Johns River and heads east towards Ormond Beach.
  • Florida 44.svg SR 44, a west-to-east road in southern Volusia County enters the county from the Crows Bluff Bridge over the St. Johns River and heads east towards New Smyrna Beach.
  • Florida 46.svg SR 46, a west-to-east road on the southwestern corner of Volusia County enters the county from the Mims Bridge over the St. Johns River and quickly enters Brevard County with no major junctions whatsoever.
  • Florida 5A.svg SR 5A is Nova Road, a suffixed alternate route of State Road 5, the unsigned hidden state road for US 1. It spans from Port Orange to Ormond Beach.
  • Florida 421.svg SR 421, a connecting west-to-east road between I-95 and the Port Orange Causeway
  • Florida 11.svg SR 11, a scenic south to north road that runs from US 17 north of DeLand to US 1 in Bunnell in Flagler County.
  • Florida 483.svg SR 483, a south-to-north state and county road that runs west of SR 5A spanning from Port Orange to Holly Hill. Runs along the eastern border of both Daytona Beach International Airport, and Daytona International Speedway.
VolusiaCounty-FL-Garage-wide
The Volusia County Parking Garage in Daytona Beach

Public transportation

Volusia County Public Transit System (VOTRAN) is the local Volusia County bus service. The buses offer service throughout the county, Monday through Saturday, from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and is handicapped-accessible. Limited service is offered in East Volusia in the evenings and on Sundays. The cost is $1.25 per trip, $3.00 for a one-day bus pass, or $40 for a 31-day pass (valid for all VOTRAN routes).

Passenger Train service to Volusia County is provided by Amtrak on the Silver Meteor and Silver Star routes. Service between Volusia County and Orlando is provided by SunRail, a commuter rail line running from Volusia to Orange County. The initial phase of the project commenced in 2014 and will extend service to as far north as DeBary. A planned expansion will include the DeLand Amtrak station in 2015.

Places

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Images for kids


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