Erie County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Erie County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 7, 1803|
|Named for||Lake Erie|
|• Total||1,558 sq mi (4,040 km2)|
|• Land||799 sq mi (2,070 km2)|
|• Water||759 sq mi (1,970 km2) 49%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||348/sq mi (134/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 5th|
Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 280,566. Its county seat is Erie. The county was created in 1800 and later organized in 1803.
Erie County comprises the Erie, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- Metropolitan Statistical Area
- Largest Populations in Erie County
- Images for kids
Erie County was established on March 12, 1800 from part of Allegheny County, which absorbed the lands of the disputed Erie Triangle in 1792. Prior to 1792, the region was claimed by both New York and Pennsylvania, so no county demarcations were made until the federal government intervened.
Since Erie County and its newly established neighboring counties of Crawford, Mercer, Venango, and Warren were initially unable to sustain themselves, a five-county administrative organization was established at Crawford County's Meadville to temporarily manage government affairs in the region. Erie elected its own county officials in 1803.
The county was originally settled by immigrants of "Yankee" stock, (immigrants from New England and the western part of New York descended from the English Puritans whose ancestors settled New England in the colonial era). Erie County resembled upstate New York more than it did Pennsylvania with its population primarily consisting of settlers from Connecticut, Rhode Island and Maine. Roads were laid out, post routes established, public buildings erected and people were invited to move there. The original settlers were entirely of New England origins or were Yankees from upstate New York whose families had moved to that place from New England only one generation earlier, in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War. This resulted in Erie County being culturally very contiguous with early New England culture.
Erie County was part of the Underground Railroad giving slaves the ability to gain freedom through Lake Erie into Canada, East through New York State, or to stay in Erie with the help of abolitionists and the free black community. Today, the Journey to Freedom educational program provides an interactive program on the Underground Railroad experience.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,558 square miles (4,040 km2), of which 799 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 759 square miles (1,970 km2) (49%) is water. It is the largest county in Pennsylvania by total area. With the exception of a high ridge several miles from the lake, running nearly parallel with its shore, the terrain is generally rolling and well watered.
There are two cities in Erie County: the city of Erie and the city of Corry. Other notable population centers include Millcreek, Harborcreek and Fairview townships, and the boroughs of Edinboro, North East, Girard, Waterford and Union City. Erie County is bordered on the northeast by Chautauqua County, New York, on the east by Warren County, on the south by Crawford County, and on the west by Ashtabula County, Ohio. Directly north of the county is Lake Erie. This position on the water makes Erie County the only county in Pennsylvania to share a border with Canada, which is located on the far shore of the lake.
It is the only county in the state that occupies a significant amount of land north of the 42nd parallel.
- Haldimand County, Ontario (north)
- Norfolk County, Ontario (northwest)
- Chautauqua County, New York (northeast)
- Warren County (southeast)
- Crawford County (south)
- Ashtabula County, Ohio (southwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
According to the 2010 United States Census, there were 280,566 people, 110,413 households, and 70,196 families residing in the county. The population density was 351.2 inhabitants per square mile (135.6/km2). There were 119,138 housing units at an average density of 149.1 per square mile (57.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.2 percent White, 7.2 percent Black or African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 1.1 percent Asian, 0.03 percent Pacific Islander, 1.2 percent from other races, and 2.1 percent from two or more races. A further 3.4 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.4% were of German, 12.5% Polish, 12.3% Italian, 10.1% Irish, 6.5% English and 6.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
Of the total number of household, 27.2 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4 percent were married couples living together, 13.2 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4 percent were non-families. 29.3 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.5 percent under the age of 20. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.73 males.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
- See also: List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas and List of Combined Statistical Areas
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Erie County as the Erie, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 11th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 164th most populous in the United States with a population of 280,566. Erie County is also a part of the larger Erie-Meadville, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Erie County as well as Crawford County to the south. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 7th in the State of Pennsylvania and 102nd most populous in the United States with a population of 369,331.
Largest Populations in Erie County
|2015 rank||City||Type||2015 estimate||2010 Census||Change||Highest Population (Year)|
- Erie Bluffs State Park - one of Pennsylvania's newest state parks
- Presque Isle State Park - one of Pennsylvania's oldest state parks and the most-visited state park in Pennsylvania.
Other parks, preserves and natural areas
Other parks, preserves and natural areas
- Asbury Farm Community Park
- Glenwood Park
- Shades Beach Park
- Scott Park
- Harborcreek Community Park
- Zuck Park
- The Brewerie at Union Station
- Family First Sports Park
- Splash Lagoon Indoor Waterpark
- Splash Lagoon Indoor Laser Tag
- Millcreek Mall
- Presque Isle Downs and Casino
- Presque Isle Downs Horse Racing
- Presque Isle State Park
- Waldameer Amusement Park
- Erie Zoo
- Erie Zoo Botanical Gardens
- Tom Ridge Environmental Center
- Erie Firemens Museum
- Erie Maritime Museum
- Warner Theatre
- Jr's Last Laugh Comedy
- Erie Art Museum
- Bayfront Convention Centre
- The Pentagon Paintball Arena
- The Bicentennial Tower
More Things To Do Located At http://www.visiteriepa.com/fun-things-to-do/
- Roar on the Shore
- Erie Microbrew Fest
- St. Paul’s Italian Festival
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. There are 38 incorporated municipalities in Erie County, including 2 cities, 14 boroughs, and 22 townships. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Erie County:
- Amity Township
- Concord Township
- Conneaut Township
- Elk Creek Township
- Fairview Township
- Franklin Township
- Girard Township
- Greene Township
- Greenfield Township
- Harborcreek Township
- Lawrence Park Township
- LeBoeuf Township
- McKean Township
- Millcreek Township
- North East Township
- Springfield Township
- Summit Township
- Union Township
- Venango Township
- Washington Township
- Waterford Township
- Wayne Township
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Erie County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|12||Penn State Erie (Behrend)||CDP||1,629|
Images for kids
Erie County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.