List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas facts for kids
The National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas represent Arkansas's history from the Louisiana Purchase through the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement. It contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Arkansas. There are 16 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Arkansas. Another NHL was formerly listed in the state but was moved to Oakland, California.
This page includes a list of National Park Service-administered historic areas in Arkansas.
National Historic Landmarks
This is a complete list of the 17 National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas.
|Landmark name||Image||Date designated||Location||County||Description|
||Arkansas||Commemorates the first semi-permanent European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley (1686); an American Revolutionary War skirmish (1783); the first territorial capital of Arkansas (1819–1821); and the American Civil War Battle of Fort Hindman (1863)|
|2||Daisy Bates House||
||Pulaski||Supporting site for desegregation of Little Rock Central High School|
||Garland||In Hot Springs National Park; largest collection of bathhouses in the United States; remains of the only federally-run spa|
|4||Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey||
||Lee - Monroe - Phillips border||Point from which the lands acquired through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 were subsequently surveyed|
|5||Camden Expedition Sites||
|8 or 9 sites
||several counties||Camden Expedition Civil War battle sites:|
|6||Centennial Baptist Church||
||Phillips||Where Elias Camp Morris preached, unofficial headquarters for National Baptist Convention|
||Mississippi||Archaeological site; shows evidence of pre-historic Nodena populations and also Quapaw occupation|
||Sebastian||This site includes the remains of two 19th-century U.S. military forts and the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas.|
|9||Hoga (YT-146) (ex-City of Oakland) (tug)||
|North Little Rock
||Pulaski||Tugboat; at Pearl Harbor fought ship fires and helped push sinking USS Nevada out of the ship channel; served Oakland harbor for many years; The vessel was transferred to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum (AIMM) in 2005 and was scheduled to be moved to North Little Rock, Arkansas in 2007. The move has been delayed by damage from Hurricane Katrina along the proposed tow route to AIMM and transport costs. She was moved to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum in November 2015.|
|10||Little Rock Central High School||
||Pulaski||Focal point of the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957|
||Arkansas||Site includes two large mounds and several house mounds, as well as remains of a 17th-century French trading post; now owned by the National Park Service and administered as part of the Arkansas Post National Memorial.|
||Mississippi||Located on Nodena Plantation; type site for an important Late Mississippian cultural component, the Nodena phase; date from about 1400-1700 AD; first excavations in 1897.|
|13||Old State House||
||Pulaski||Oldest surviving state capitol building west of the Mississippi River.|
|14||Parkin Indian Mound||
||Cross||A Late Mississippian and protohistoric palisaded village with one mound; may be the town of Casqui mentioned by 16th century Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto.|
|15||Joseph Taylor Robinson House||
||Pulaski||Home of influential Arkansas governor and U.S. senator|
|16||Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery||
||Desha||Site of a World War II Japanese American internment camp|
|17||Toltec Mounds Site||
||Lonoke||One of the most significant remnants of Native American life in the state.|
Historic areas administered by the National Park Service
National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Arkansas. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state, The Arkansas Post National Memorial, the Fort Smith National Historic Site (shared with Oklahoma) and the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining one is:
|1||Pea Ridge National Military Park||20 July 1956||Pea Ridge||Benton||Site of Battle of Pea Ridge, March 7 and 8, 1862, a Union victory in the American Civil War|
Other National Park Service-administered areas in Arkansas are the Buffalo National River and the Hot Springs National Park (not historic per se but which includes Bathhouse Row, an NHL listed above).
List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.