List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas represent Arkansas's history from the Louisiana Purchase through the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement. It contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Arkansas. There are 16 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Arkansas. Another NHL was formerly listed in the state but was moved to Oakland, California.

This page includes a list of National Park Service-administered historic areas in Arkansas.

National Historic Landmarks

This is a complete list of the 17 National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas.

Landmark name Image Date designated Location County Description
1 Arkansas Post
Arkansas Post National Memorial
01960-10-09October 9, 1960
(#66000198)
Gillett
34°01′09″N 91°20′54″W / 34.01907°N 91.34835°W / 34.01907; -91.34835 (Arkansas Post)
Arkansas Commemorates the first semi-permanent European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley (1686); an American Revolutionary War skirmish (1783); the first territorial capital of Arkansas (1819–1821); and the American Civil War Battle of Fort Hindman (1863)
2 Daisy Bates House
Daisy Bates House
02001-01-03January 3, 2001
(#01000072)
Little Rock
34°43′18″N 92°17′00″W / 34.721667°N 92.283333°W / 34.721667; -92.283333 (Daisy Bates House)
Pulaski Supporting site for desegregation of Little Rock Central High School
3 Bathhouse Row
Hale Bathhouse
01987-05-28May 28, 1987
(#74000275)
Hot Springs
34°30′44″N 93°03′13″W / 34.51212°N 93.05361°W / 34.51212; -93.05361 (Bathhouse Row)
Garland In Hot Springs National Park; largest collection of bathhouses in the United States; remains of the only federally-run spa
4 Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey
Monument marking beginning point of the survey of the Louisiana Purchase
01993-04-19April 19, 1993
(#72000206)
Blackton
34°38′42″N 91°03′05″W / 34.64489°N 91.05139°W / 34.64489; -91.05139 (Beginning Point of the Louisiana Purchase Survey)
Lee - Monroe - Phillips border Point from which the lands acquired through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 were subsequently surveyed
5 Camden Expedition Sites
Camden Expedition Sites
01994-04-19April 19, 1994
(#70000127)
8 or 9 sites
several counties Camden Expedition Civil War battle sites:
  • Confederate State Capitol
  • Elkin's Ferry Battleground
  • Fort Southerland
  • Fort Lookout
  • Jenkins' Ferry Battlefield
  • Marks' Mills Battlefield
  • Poison Springs Battleground State Park
  • Prairie d'Ane Battlefield, and, possibly,
  • U.S. Arsenal Building
6 Centennial Baptist Church
Centennial Baptist Church
02003-07-31July 31, 2003
(#87000518)
Helena-West Helena
34°31′32″N 90°35′27″W / 34.525469°N 90.590731°W / 34.525469; -90.590731 (Centennial Baptist Church)
Phillips Where Elias Camp Morris preached, unofficial headquarters for National Baptist Convention
7 Eaker Site
Eaker Site
01996-06-19June 19, 1996
(#91001048)
Blytheville
35°57′48″N 89°56′04″W / 35.963333°N 89.934444°W / 35.963333; -89.934444 (Eaker Site)
Mississippi Archaeological site; shows evidence of pre-historic Nodena populations and also Quapaw occupation
8 Fort Smith
1940 HABS photo
01960-12-19December 19, 1960
(#66000202)
Fort Smith
35°20′36″N 94°25′22″W / 35.3433°N 94.42278°W / 35.3433; -94.42278 (Fort Smith)
Sebastian This site includes the remains of two 19th-century U.S. military forts and the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas.
9 Hoga (YT-146) (ex-City of Oakland) (tug)
Hoga (YT-146) (ex-City of Oakland) (tug)
01989-06-30June 30, 1989
(#89001429)
North Little Rock
34°45′09″N 92°16′04″W / 34.752420°N 92.267818°W / 34.752420; -92.267818 (Hoga (YT-146) (ex-City of Oakland) (tug))
Pulaski Tugboat; at Pearl Harbor fought ship fires and helped push sinking USS Nevada out of the ship channel; served Oakland harbor for many years; The vessel was transferred to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum (AIMM) in 2005 and was scheduled to be moved to North Little Rock, Arkansas in 2007. The move has been delayed by damage from Hurricane Katrina along the proposed tow route to AIMM and transport costs. She was moved to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum in November 2015.
10 Little Rock Central High School
Central High School
01982-05-20May 20, 1982
(#01000274)
Little Rock
34°44′16″N 92°17′52″W / 34.73775°N 92.29775°W / 34.73775; -92.29775 (Little Rock Central High School)
Pulaski Focal point of the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957
11 Menard-Hodges Site
Menard-Hodges Site
01982-04-11April 11, 1982
(#85003542)
Nady
34°00′14″N 91°15′15″W / 34.003869°N 91.254214°W / 34.003869; -91.254214 (Menard-Hodges Site)
Arkansas Site includes two large mounds and several house mounds, as well as remains of a 17th-century French trading post; now owned by the National Park Service and administered as part of the Arkansas Post National Memorial.
12 Nodena Site
Fields at the Nodena Site
01964-02-19February 19, 1964
(#66000201)
Wilson
35°33′15″N 89°57′06″W / 35.554286°N 89.951703°W / 35.554286; -89.951703 (Nodena Site)
Mississippi Located on Nodena Plantation; type site for an important Late Mississippian cultural component, the Nodena phase; date from about 1400-1700 AD; first excavations in 1897.
13 Old State House
1934 HABS photo
01997-12-09December 9, 1997
(#69000037)
Little Rock
34°44′55″N 92°16′24″W / 34.74856°N 92.27333°W / 34.74856; -92.27333 (Old State House)
Pulaski Oldest surviving state capitol building west of the Mississippi River.
14 Parkin Indian Mound
Parkin Site illustration
01964-07-19July 19, 1964
(#66000200)
Parkin
35°16′38″N 90°33′16″W / 35.2771°N 90.55458°W / 35.2771; -90.55458 (Parkin Indian Mound)
Cross A Late Mississippian and protohistoric palisaded village with one mound; may be the town of Casqui mentioned by 16th century Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto.
15 Joseph Taylor Robinson House
Joseph T. Robinson House
01992-10-12October 12, 1992
(#75000411)
Little Rock
34°43′40″N 92°16′44″W / 34.727639°N 92.278806°W / 34.727639; -92.278806 (Joseph Taylor Robinson House)
Pulaski Home of influential Arkansas governor and U.S. senator
16 Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery
Monument to the Men of the 100th Battalion
01992-07-06July 6, 1992
(#92001882)
Rohwer
33°45′52″N 91°16′49″W / 33.76456°N 91.28016°W / 33.76456; -91.28016 (Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery)
Desha Site of a World War II Japanese American internment camp
17 Toltec Mounds Site
photo
01978-06-02June 2, 1978
(#73000382)
Scott
34°38′49″N 92°03′55″W / 34.6469°N 92.065278°W / 34.6469; -92.065278 (Toltec Mounds Site)
Lonoke One of the most significant remnants of Native American life in the state.

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Arkansas. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state, The Arkansas Post National Memorial, the Fort Smith National Historic Site (shared with Oklahoma) and the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining one is:

Landmark name
Image Date established Location County Description
Template:NMP color | 1 Pea Ridge National Military Park 20 July 1956 Pea Ridge Benton Site of Battle of Pea Ridge, March 7 and 8, 1862, a Union victory in the American Civil War

Other National Park Service-administered areas in Arkansas are the Buffalo National River and the Hot Springs National Park (not historic per se but which includes Bathhouse Row, an NHL listed above).


List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.