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Principality of Andorra

Principat d'Andorra
Motto: "Virtus Unita Fortior"  (Latin)
"Strength United is Stronger"
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany, Mon Pare  (Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne, my Father
Location of  Andorra  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
Andorra la Vella
Official languages Catalan3
Ethnic groups
36.6% Andorran, 33.0% Spanish, 16.3% Portuguese, 6.3% French, 7.8% others.
Demonym(s) Andorran
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
François Hollande
Nemesi Marqués Oste
Sylvie Hubac
Antoni Martí
from the Crown of Aragon
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (191st)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)
• 31 December 2009 estimate
84,082 (194th)
• 2006 census
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
• Total
$4.22 billion (155th)
• Per capita
$44,900 (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
• Total
$2.893 billion (155th)
• Per capita
$34,240 (28th)
Gini (2003) 27.21
HDI (2011) Increase 0.838
very high · 32nd
Currency Euro (€)1 (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +376
ISO 3166 code AD
Internet TLD .ad2
  1. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  2. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.
  3. Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also widely spoken and understood. (See Languages of Andorra)

Andorra (officially called the Principality of Andorra) is a European country between Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.

Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.

The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.

It is not a member of the European Union.The euro is the money used.


It is said that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorran people their country in return for fighting against the Moors.

Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.

Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I. It did not do any fighting. They stayed against Germany until 1957 because they were not in the Treaty of Versailles.

Andorra doesn't have an Army. France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.


Andorra has seven parishes:


Andorra is in the Pyrenees mountain range. The highest mountain is Coma Pedrosa.


The largest cities in Andorra are:

Ranking Name Population
1 Andorra la Vella 19,319
2 Escaldes-Engordany 14,395
3 Encamp 8,470
4 Sant Julià de Lòria 7,518
5 La Massana 4,987
6 Santa Coloma 2,937
7 Ordino 2,780
8 El Pas de la Casa 2,613
9 Canillo 2,025
10 Arinsal 1,555

For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.


The population of Andorra is mostly (90%) Roman Catholic. Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.


Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.

The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.

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